Global Information Lookup Global Information

Haitian Revolution information


Haitian Revolution
Part of the Atlantic Revolutions, French Revolutionary Wars, and Napoleonic Wars


Date21 August 1791 – 1 January 1804
(12 years, 4 months, 1 week and 4 days)
Location
Hispaniola
Result

Haitian victory

  • French colonial government expelled
  • French presence remains in eastern Hispaniola
  • Massacre of the French
Territorial
changes
Independent Empire of Haiti established
Belligerents
1791–1793
  • Haitian Revolution St. Dominican Rebels
  • Haitian Revolution Spain (from 1793)
  • Haitian Revolution St. Dominican Royalists
1793–1798
  • Haitian Revolution French Republic
1798–1801
  • Haitian Revolution Louverture Loyalists
1802–1804
  • Haitian Revolution Armée Indigène
  • Haitian Revolution United Kingdom
1791–1793
  • Haitian Revolution Kingdom of France (until 1792)
  • Haitian Revolution French Republic
1793–1798
  • Haitian Revolution Spain (until 1795)
  • Haitian Revolution St. Dominican Royalists
1798–1801
  • Haitian Revolution Rigaud Loyalists
1802–1804
  • Haitian Revolution France
Haitian Revolution Great Britain (1793–1798)
Commanders and leaders
1791–1793
  • Dutty Boukman 
  • Haitian Revolution Haitian Revolution Jean-François Papillon
  • Haitian Revolution Haitian Revolution Georges Biassou
  • Haitian Revolution Haitian Revolution Toussaint Louverture
  • Vincent Ogé Executed
1793–1798
  • Haitian Revolution Paul-Louis Dubuc
  • Haitian Revolution Joaquín Moreno
1798–1801
  • Haitian Revolution Toussaint Louverture
1802–1804
  • Haitian Revolution Toussaint Louverture Surrendered
  • Haitian Revolution Jean-Jacques Dessalines
  • Haitian Revolution Henri Christophe
  • Haitian Revolution Alexandre Pétion
  • Haitian Revolution François Capois
  • Haitian Revolution John Duckworth
  • Haitian Revolution John Loring
1791–1793
  • Haitian Revolution Viscount de Blanchelande  Executed
  • Haitian Revolution Léger-Félicité Sonthonax
1793–1798
  • Haitian Revolution Toussaint Louverture
  • Haitian Revolution André Rigaud
  • Haitian Revolution Alexandre Pétion
1798–1801
  • Haitian Revolution André Rigaud
1802–1804
  • Haitian Revolution Napoleon Bonaparte
  • Haitian Revolution Charles Leclerc 
  • Haitian Revolution Vicomte de Rochambeau Surrendered
  • Haitian Revolution Villaret de Joyeuse
Haitian Revolution Thomas Maitland
Casualties and losses
Haitians: 200,000 dead[1]
  • France: 75,000 dead[1]
  • White colonists: 25,000 dead[1]
British: 45,000 dead[1]

The Haitian Revolution (French: révolution haïtienne or French: La guerre de l'indépendance French pronunciation: [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ a.i.sjɛn]; Haitian Creole: Lagè d Lendependans) was a successful insurrection by self-liberated slaves against French colonial rule in Saint-Domingue, now the sovereign state of Haiti. The revolt began on 22 August 1791,[2] and ended in 1804 with the former colony's independence. It involved black, biracial, French, Spanish, British, and Polish participants—with the ex-slave Toussaint Louverture emerging as Haiti's most prominent general. The revolution was the only slave uprising that led to the founding of a state which was both free from slavery (though not from forced labour)[3] and ruled by non-whites and former captives.[4] The successful revolution was a defining moment in the history of the Atlantic World[5][6] and the revolution's effects on the institution of slavery were felt throughout the Americas. The end of French rule and the abolition of slavery in the former colony was followed by a successful defense of the freedoms the former slaves had won, and with the collaboration of already free people of color, of their independence from white Europeans.[7][8][9]

Haiti at the beginning of the Haitian revolution in 1791

The revolution was the largest slave uprising since Spartacus' unsuccessful revolt against the Roman Republic nearly 1,900 years earlier,[10] and challenged long-held European beliefs about alleged black inferiority and about slaves' ability to achieve and maintain their own freedom. The rebels' organizational capacity and tenacity under pressure inspired stories that shocked and frightened slave owners in the hemisphere.[11]

Compared to other Atlantic revolutions, the events in Haiti have received comparatively little public attention in retrospect: historian Michel-Rolph Trouillot characterizes the historiography of the Haitian Revolution as being "silenced" by that of the French Revolution.[12][13][14]

  1. ^ a b c d Scheina. Latin America's Wars. Potomac Books. p. 1772.
  2. ^ Adam Hochschild (2005). Bury the Chains. Houghton Mifflin. p. 257.
  3. ^ Ghachem, Malick W.; Danforth, Susan. "The Other Revolution". John Carter Brown Library. Brown University. Retrieved 11 March 2022.
  4. ^ Franklin W. Knight (February 2000). "The Haitian Revolution". The American Historical Review. 105 (1): 103–115. doi:10.2307/2652438. JSTOR 2652438.
  5. ^ "Why Haiti should be at the centre of the Age of Revolution – Laurent Dubois". Aeon Essays. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  6. ^ Joseph, Celucien L. (2012). "'The Haitian Turn': An Appraisal of Recent Literary and Historiographical Works on the Haitian Revolution". Journal of Pan African Studies. 5 (6): 37–55.
  7. ^ Taber, Robert D. (2015). "Navigating Haiti's History: Saint-Domingue and the Haitian Revolution". History Compass. 13 (5): 235–250. doi:10.1111/hic3.12233.
  8. ^ Bongie, Chris (2008). Friends and Enemies: The Scribal Politics of Post/colonial Literature. Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press. p. 45. ISBN 978-1846311420.
  9. ^ Curtis Comstock, Sandra (2012). Incorporating Comparisons in the Rift: Making Use of Cross-Place Events and Histories in Moments of World Historical Change, a chapter in Anna Amelina, Beyond methodological nationalism: research methodologies for cross-border studies. Taylor and Francis. pp. 183–185. ISBN 978-0-415-89962-8.
  10. ^ Vulliamy, Ed, ed. (28 August 2010). "The 10 best revolutionaries". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  11. ^ Philip James Kaisary (2008). The Literary Impact of the Haitian Revolution, PhD dissertation. University of Warwick. pp. 8–10.
  12. ^ Michel-Rolph Trouillot, Silencing the Past: Power and the Production of History.
  13. ^ Marlene Daut, Tropics of Haiti.
  14. ^ Hoel, 2021-et-la-revolution-francaise.

and 25 Related for: Haitian Revolution information

Request time (Page generated in 0.9235 seconds.)

Haitian Revolution

Last Update:

The Haitian Revolution (French: révolution haïtienne or French: La guerre de l'indépendance French pronunciation: [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ a.i.sjɛn]; Haitian Creole:...

Word Count : 17893

United States and the Haitian Revolution

Last Update:

The Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) and the subsequent emancipation of Haiti as an independent state provoked mixed reactions in the United States. Among...

Word Count : 2239

Women in the Haitian Revolution

Last Update:

During the Haitian Revolution (1791–1804), Haitian women of all social positions participated in the revolt that successfully ousted French colonial power...

Word Count : 1864

1804 Haitian massacre

Last Update:

The 1804 Haiti massacre, sometimes referred to as the Haitian Genocide, was carried out by Afro-Haitian soldiers, mostly former slaves, under orders from...

Word Count : 3698

Haiti

Last Update:

Haiti (/ˈheɪti/ HAY-tee; French: Haïti [a.iti]; Haitian Creole: Ayiti [ajiti]), officially the Republic of Haiti (French: République d'Haïti; Haitian...

Word Count : 22541

List of heads of state of Haiti

Last Update:

state of Haiti since the beginning of the Haitian Revolution in 1791. Full independence of Haiti was declared in 1804. Between 1806 and 1820 Haiti was divided...

Word Count : 558

Atlantic Revolutions

Last Update:

other movements, including the French Revolution in 1789 and the Haitian Revolution in 1791. These revolutions were based on the equivocation of personal...

Word Count : 1433

History of Haiti

Last Update:

decided to turn on the French army and join the Haitian former slaves, and participated in the Haitian revolution of 1804, supporting the principles of liberty...

Word Count : 16286

Age of Revolution

Last Update:

elimination of slavery there and the founding of the Republic of Haiti. The Haitian Revolution was the only slave revolt which led to the founding of a state...

Word Count : 3391

Haitian Vodou

Last Update:

Haitian Vodou (/ˈvoʊduː/) is an African diasporic religion that developed in Haiti between the 16th and 19th centuries. It arose through a process of syncretism...

Word Count : 17273

Dutty Boukman

Last Update:

leader of the Haitian Revolution. Born in Senegambia (present-day Senegal and Gambia), he was enslaved to Jamaica. He eventually ended up in Haiti, where he...

Word Count : 1270

Influence of the French Revolution

Last Update:

Haitian revolution and the revolution culminated in 1804; Haiti was an independent nation solely of freed peoples. The activities of the revolutions sparked...

Word Count : 6989

Toussaint Louverture

Last Update:

Bréda; 20 May 1743 – 7 April 1803) was a Haitian general and the most prominent leader of the Haitian Revolution. During his life, Louverture first fought...

Word Count : 10734

White Haitians

Last Update:

White Haitians (French: Blancs haïtiens, [blɑ̃ (s)aisjɛ̃]; Haitian Creole: blan ayisyen), also known as Euro-Haitians, are Haitians of predominant or...

Word Count : 2268

Haitian Declaration of Independence

Last Update:

Jean-Jacques Dessalines, marking the end of 13-year long Haitian Revolution. The declaration marked Haiti becoming the first independent nation of Latin America...

Word Count : 1848

Independence of Haiti

Last Update:

Assembly. In 1791, the enslaved Africans of Saint-Domingue began the Haitian Revolution, aimed at the overthrow of the colonial regime. Arawak and Taino people...

Word Count : 831

Polish Haitians

Last Update:

later joined the Haitian slaves during the Haitian Revolution. Some 400 to 500 of these Poles are believed to have settled in Haiti after the war. They...

Word Count : 1112

History of Haitian nationality and citizenship

Last Update:

shaped the evolution of the Haitian Revolution as peoples of African descent rose up against the white colonial planters. Haitians are primarily of African...

Word Count : 6534

The Black Jacobins

Last Update:

L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution is a 1938 book by Trinidadian historian C. L. R. James, a history of the Haitian Revolution of 1791–1804. He went to...

Word Count : 3113

Haiti Independence Debt

Last Update:

million francs to be paid by Haiti in claims over property – including Haitian slaves – that was lost through the Haitian Revolution in return for diplomatic...

Word Count : 3942

Revolution

Last Update:

French Revolution (1789–1799), the Haitian Revolution (1791–1804), the Spanish American wars of independence (1808–1826), the European Revolutions of 1848...

Word Count : 3123

Haitian

Last Update:

related to Haiti Haitian Creole, a French-based Creole Haitian French, variant of the French language Haitians, an ethnic group Haitian art Haitian Carnival...

Word Count : 137

Haitian occupation of Santo Domingo

Last Update:

The Haitian occupation of Santo Domingo (Spanish: Ocupación haitiana de Santo Domingo; French: Occupation haïtienne de Saint-Domingue; Haitian Creole:...

Word Count : 3970

Haitian cuisine

Last Update:

Haitian cuisine consists of cooking traditions and practices from Haiti. It is a Creole cuisine that originates from a blend of several culinary styles...

Word Count : 2885

Georges Biassou

Last Update:

began the Haitian Revolution. With Jean-François and Jeannot, he was prophesied by the vodou priest, Dutty Boukman, to lead the revolution. Like some...

Word Count : 2926

PDF Search Engine © AllGlobal.net