Global Information Lookup Global Information

Influence of the French Revolution information

The French Revolution had a major impact on Europe and the New World. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in European history.[1][2][3] In the short-term, France lost thousands of its countrymen in the form of émigrés, or emigrants who wished to escape political tensions and save their lives. A number of individuals settled in the neighboring countries (chiefly Great Britain, Germany and Austria), while some settled in Russia, and many also went to Canada and the United States. The displacement of these Frenchmen led to a spread of French culture, policies regulating immigration, and a safe haven for Royalists and other counterrevolutionaries to outlast the violence of the French Revolution. The long-term impact on France was profound, shaping politics, society, religion and ideas, and politics for more than a century. The closer other countries were, the greater and deeper was the French impact, bringing liberalism, but also practices such as direct democracy and revolutionary terror along with the end of many feudal or traditional laws and practices.[4][5] However, there was also a conservative counter-reaction that defeated Napoleon, reinstalled the Bourbon kings, and in some ways reversed the new reforms.[6]

Most of the new nations created by France were abolished and returned to prewar owners in 1814. However, Frederick Artz emphasizes the benefits the Italians gained from the French Revolution:

For nearly two decades the Italians had the excellent codes of law, a fair system of taxation, a better economic situation, and more religious and intellectual toleration than they had known for centuries.... Everywhere old physical, economic, and intellectual barriers had been thrown down and the Italians had begun to be aware of a common nationality.[6]

Likewise in Switzerland the long-term impact of the French Revolution has been assessed by Martin:

It proclaimed the equality of citizens before the law, equality of languages, freedom of thought and faith; it created a Swiss citizenship, basis of our modern nationality, and the separation of powers, of which the old regime had no conception; it suppressed internal tariffs and other economic restraints; it unified weights and measures, reformed civil and penal law, authorized mixed marriages (between Catholics and Protestants), suppressed torture and improved justice; it developed education and public works.[7]

The greatest impact came in France itself. In addition to effects similar to those in Italy and Switzerland, France saw the introduction of the principle of legal equality, and the downgrading of the once powerful and rich Catholic Church to just a bureau controlled by the government. Power became centralized in Paris, with its strong bureaucracy and an army supplied by conscripting all young men. French politics were permanently polarized—'left' and 'right' were the new terms for the supporters and opponents of the principles of the Revolution.

  1. ^ Linda S. Frey and Marsha L. Frey, The French Revolution (2004), Foreword.
  2. ^ R.R. Palmer and Joel Colton, A History of the Modern World (5th ed. 1978), p. 341
  3. ^ Ferenc Fehér, The French Revolution and the Birth of Modernity, (1990) pp. 117-30
  4. ^ Mike Rapport and Peter McPhee. "The International Repercussions of the French Revolution", in A Companion to the French Revolution (2013), pp 379–96.
  5. ^ Klaits, Joseph; Haltzel, Michael H.; Haltzel, Michael (2002). Global Ramifications of the American Revolution. Cambridge UP. ISBN 9780521524476.
  6. ^ a b Frederick B. Artz, Reaction & Revolution: 1814–1832 (Rise of Modern Europe) (1934), pp. 142–43
  7. ^ William Martin, Histoire de la Suisse (Paris, 1926), pp 187–88, quoted in Crane Brinson, A Decade of Revolution: 1789–1799 (1934), p. 235.

and 27 Related for: Influence of the French Revolution information

Request time (Page generated in 1.3056 seconds.)

Influence of the French Revolution

Last Update:

The French Revolution had a major impact on Europe and the New World. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in European...

Word Count : 6975

Romanticism and the French Revolution

Last Update:

the Revolution. There are many signs of these effects of the French Revolution in various pieces of Romantic literature. By examining the influence of...

Word Count : 1438

French Revolution

Last Update:

The French Revolution (French: Révolution française [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) was a period of radical political and societal change in France that began with...

Word Count : 23150

French Revolution of 1848

Last Update:

The French Revolution of 1848 (French: Révolution française de 1848), also known as the February Revolution (Révolution de février), was a brief period...

Word Count : 4210

Society of the Friends of the People

Last Update:

accurately reflect the will of the people. The end of the 18th century brought political change throughout Europe. Although the French revolution brought about...

Word Count : 2350

Women in the French Revolution

Last Update:

Historians since the late 20th century have debated how women shared in the French Revolution and what impact it had on French women. Women had no political...

Word Count : 3882

Causes of the French Revolution

Last Update:

historians of the French Revolution as to its causes. Usually, they acknowledge the presence of several interlinked factors, but vary in the weight they...

Word Count : 3840

Reign of Terror

Last Update:

The Reign of Terror (French: la Terreur) was a period of the French Revolution when, following the creation of the First Republic, a series of massacres...

Word Count : 5148

Greek War of Independence

Last Update:

The Greek War of Independence, also known as the Greek Revolution or the Greek Revolution of 1821, was a successful war of independence by Greek revolutionaries...

Word Count : 21341

Historiography of the French Revolution

Last Update:

The historiography of the French Revolution stretches back over two hundred years, as commentators and historians have used a vast array of primary sources...

Word Count : 6132

Sphere of influence

Last Update:

In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a...

Word Count : 3835

German Confederation

Last Update:

the influence of the French Revolution. Throughout the German Confederation, Austrian influence was paramount, drawing the ire of the nationalist movements...

Word Count : 7293

Reflections on the Revolution in France

Last Update:

interpreters of the events in France. One of the best-known intellectual attacks against the French Revolution, Reflections is a defining tract of modern conservatism...

Word Count : 3034

Haitian Revolution

Last Update:

The Haitian Revolution (French: révolution haïtienne French pronunciation: ​[ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ a.i.sjɛn]; Haitian Creole: revolisyon ayisyen) was a successful...

Word Count : 17855

Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution

Last Update:

The dechristianization of France during the French Revolution is a conventional description of the results of a number of separate policies conducted...

Word Count : 3050

List of people associated with the French Revolution

Last Update:

partial list of people associated with the French Revolution, including supporters and opponents. Note that not all people listed here were French. Contents: ...

Word Count : 166

Age of Revolution

Last Update:

French influence. This was the work of the French Revolution. The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political upheaval in France from...

Word Count : 3402

Influence and reception of Friedrich Nietzsche

Last Update:

following among left-wing Germans in the 1890s. Nietzsche's anarchistic influence was particularly strong in France and the United States. By World War I, German...

Word Count : 5535

Philippine Revolution

Last Update:

of the Philippines Influence of the French Revolution List of weapons of the Philippine revolution Moro Rebellion Negros Revolution Philippine revolts...

Word Count : 12822


Last Update:

Revolution. In Europe, it gained enormous influence through the French Revolution and through the First French Republic of 1792–1804. In Ancient Greece, several...

Word Count : 7440

French Revolutionary Wars

Last Update:

The French Revolutionary Wars (French: Guerres de la Révolution française) were a series of sweeping military conflicts lasting from 1792 until 1802 and...

Word Count : 8222

Industrial Revolution

Last Update:

recorded use of the term "Industrial Revolution" was in July 1799 by French envoy Louis-Guillaume Otto, announcing that France had entered the race to industrialise...

Word Count : 28910

5 October 1910 revolution

Last Update:

undressed. The bust shows Republic wearing a Phrygian cap, influence of the French Revolution. Simões' bust was soon adopted by Freemasonry and used in the funerals...

Word Count : 11714

American Revolution

Last Update:

The American Revolution was an ideological and political revolution that occurred in British America between 1765 and 1791. The Americans in the Thirteen...

Word Count : 23349

Republic of Bouillon

Last Update:

founded in the 1830s. Godefroy III (b. 1728, r. 1771, d. 1792), duke of Bouillon and prince of Turenne, favourable to the French Revolution, committed...

Word Count : 932

French Republican calendar

Last Update:

the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about 12 years from late 1793 to 1805, and for 18 days by the Paris Commune in 1871. The...

Word Count : 4541

Background of the Greek War of Independence

Last Update:

with the radical ideas of the European Enlightenment, the French Revolution and romantic nationalism. They also came to realize the influence of the Greek...

Word Count : 2803

PDF Search Engine ©