Global Information Lookup Global Information

Causes of the French Revolution information

Storming of the Bastille

There is significant disagreement among historians of the French Revolution as to its causes. Usually, they acknowledge the presence of several interlinked factors, but vary in the weight they attribute to each one. These factors include cultural changes, normally associated with the Enlightenment; social change and financial and economic difficulties; and the political actions of the involved parties. For centuries, the French society was divided into three estates or orders.

  • The first estate, the highest class, consisted of clergy.
  • The second estate consisted of the nobility.
  • The third estate consisted of the commoners. It included businessman, merchants, court officials, lawyers, peasants, landless labourers and servants.

The first two estates together were 10% of the population. The third estate was 90%. All of the many types of taxes were paid by the third estate. The society was based on the old French maxim "The nobles fight; the clergy pray and the people pay".

Beyond these relatively established facts about the social conditions surrounding the French Revolution, there is significant dissent among historians. Marxist historians, such as Lefebvre and Soboul, see the social tensions described here as the main cause of the revolution, as the Estates-General allowed them to manifest into tangible political action; the bourgeoisie and the lower classes were grouped into the third estate, allowing them to jointly oppose the establishment. Others see these social issues as important, but less so than the Enlightenment or the financial crisis; François Furet is a prominent proponent of the former, Simon Schama of the latter.

and 28 Related for: Causes of the French Revolution information

Request time (Page generated in 1.1929 seconds.)

Causes of the French Revolution

Last Update:

historians of the French Revolution as to its causes. Usually, they acknowledge the presence of several interlinked factors, but vary in the weight they...

Word Count : 3841

French Revolution

Last Update:

The French Revolution was a period of political and societal change in France that began with the Estates General of 1789, and ended with the coup of...

Word Count : 18838

French Revolution of 1848

Last Update:

The French Revolution of 1848 (French: Révolution française de 1848), also known as the February Revolution (Révolution de février), was a period of civil...

Word Count : 4302

Historiography of the French Revolution

Last Update:

The historiography of the French Revolution stretches back over two hundred years. Contemporary and 19th-century writings on the Revolution were mainly...

Word Count : 6708

Background and causes of the Iranian Revolution

Last Update:

The Iranian Revolution was the Shia Islamic revolution that replaced the secular monarchy of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi with a theocratic Islamic Republic...

Word Count : 8308

Timeline of the French Revolution

Last Update:

The following is a timeline of the French Revolution. Louis XVI in 1777 Étienne Charles de Brienne, minister of finance 1787-88 Jacques Necker, minister...

Word Count : 15912

Causes of the May Revolution

Last Update:

The May Revolution (Spanish: Revolución de Mayo) was a series of revolutionary political and social events that took place during the early nineteenth...

Word Count : 3374

July Revolution

Last Update:

The French Revolution of 1830, also known as the July Revolution (French: révolution de Juillet), Second French Revolution, or Trois Glorieuses ("Three...

Word Count : 3670

American Revolution

Last Update:

against the Kingdom of Great Britain. Leaders of the American Revolution were colonial separatist leaders who originally sought more autonomy within the British...

Word Count : 23055

Reign of Terror

Last Update:

The Reign of Terror (French: la Terreur) or the Mountain Republic was a period of the French Revolution when, following the creation of the First Republic...

Word Count : 7566

The Old Regime and the Revolution

Last Update:

Regime and the French Revolution. The book analyzes French society before the French Revolution, the so-called "Ancien Régime", and investigates the forces...

Word Count : 552

Reflections on the Revolution in France

Last Update:

interpreters of the events in France. One of the best-known intellectual attacks against the French Revolution, Reflections is a defining tract of modern conservatism...

Word Count : 3238

Influence of the French Revolution

Last Update:

The French Revolution had a major impact on Europe and the New World. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in European...

Word Count : 6992

Romanticism and the French Revolution

Last Update:

caused by the Revolution. There are many signs of these effects of the French Revolution in various pieces of Romantic literature. By examining the influence...

Word Count : 1438

Dechristianization of France during the French Revolution

Last Update:

The aim of a number of separate policies conducted by various governments of France during the French Revolution ranged from the appropriation by the...

Word Count : 3036

Cult of Reason

Last Update:

his Law on Cults of 18 Germinal, Year X. Opposition to the Roman Catholic Church was integral among the causes of the French Revolution, and this anti-clericalism...

Word Count : 1775

Parlement of Paris

Last Update:

The Parlement of Paris (French: Parlement de Paris) was the oldest parlement in the Kingdom of France, formed in the 14th century. It was fixed in Paris...

Word Count : 1130

Industrial Revolution

Last Update:

The Industrial Revolution, sometimes divided into the First Industrial Revolution and Second Industrial Revolution, was a period of global transition...

Word Count : 29939

Women in the French Revolution

Last Update:

Historians since the late 20th century have debated how women shared in the French Revolution and what impact it had on French women. Women had no political...

Word Count : 4416

Society of the Friends of the Blacks

Last Update:

the midst of the French Revolution. It also published work by other members of the Amis des Noirs, such as Étienne Clavière ("De la France et des États-Unis"...

Word Count : 5368

Right of revolution

Last Update:

justify various revolutions, including the American Revolution, French Revolution, the Russian Revolution, and the Iranian Revolution. To justify their...

Word Count : 8737

Day of the Tiles

Last Update:

financial hardship from the economic crises. The causes of the French Revolution affected all of France, but matters came to a head first in Grenoble...

Word Count : 2282

Great Fear

Last Update:

The Great Fear (French: Grande Peur) was a general panic that took place between 22 July to 6 August 1789, at the start of the French Revolution. Rural...

Word Count : 1785

French Revolutionary Wars

Last Update:

The French Revolutionary Wars (French: Guerres de la Révolution française) were a series of sweeping military conflicts resulting from the French Revolution...

Word Count : 8453

Assembly of Vizille

Last Update:

parliament). This meeting marked the first portion of the French Revolution. Opposition to absolutist monarchy finally came out into the open, with increasing support...

Word Count : 325

Haitian Revolution

Last Update:

The Haitian Revolution (French: révolution haïtienne or French: La guerre de l'indépendance French pronunciation: [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ a.i.sjɛn]; Haitian Creole:...

Word Count : 17950

The Genius of Christianity

Last Update:

for the Romantic movement. The book emerged from Chateaubriand's attempt to understand the causes of the French Revolution, which had led to the deaths...

Word Count : 896

Belgian Revolution

Last Update:

The Belgian Revolution (French: Révolution belge, Dutch: Belgische Revolutie/opstand/omwenteling) was the conflict which led to the secession of the southern...

Word Count : 2791

PDF Search Engine ©