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Sultanate of Ifat information


Sultanate of Ifat
سلطنة عفت
1275–1403
The Ifat Sultanate in the 14th century.
The Ifat Sultanate in the 14th century.
Capital
  • Wafāt (1275–1387)
  • Zeila (1387–1403)
Official languagesArabic
Common languages
  • Afar
  • Somali
  • Argobba[1]
  • Harari/Harla
Religion
  • Sunni Islam (state)
GovernmentMonarchy
Sultan 
• 1185–1228 (first)
Umar Walasma
• 1376–1403 (last)
Sa'ad ad-Din II
History 
• Established
1275
• Disestablished
1403
Area
• Total
120,000 km2 (46,000 sq mi)
CurrencyDinar and Dirham[2]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Sultanate of Ifat Sultanate of Shewa
Adal Sultanate Sultanate of Ifat
Today part ofDjibouti
Ethiopia
Somaliland

The Sultanate of Ifat, known as Wafāt or Awfāt in Arabic texts,[3] or the Kingdom of Zeila[4] was a medieval Sunni Muslim state in the eastern regions of the Horn of Africa between the late 13th century and early 15th century.[5][6][7] It was formed in present-day Ethiopia around eastern Shewa in Ifat.[8][9][10] Led by the Walashma dynasty, the polity stretched from Zequalla to the port city of Zeila.[11] The kingdom ruled over parts of what are now Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somaliland.

  1. ^ Endris, Mohammed. Self-Rule And Representation In Amhara National Regional State: A Case Study On Argoba Nationality (PDF). Addis Ababa University. p. 48.
  2. ^ Zakeria, Ahmed (1991). "Harari Coins: A Preliminary Survey". Journal of Ethiopian Studies. 24. Institute of Ethiopian Studies: 23–46. JSTOR 41965992.
  3. ^ Trimingham, J. Spencer (2013) [1952]. Islam in Ethiopia. London: Routledge. p. 58. ISBN 9781136970221.
  4. ^ E. Cerulli. Islam Yesterday and Today. p. 344.
  5. ^ The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (1998). Ifat: historical state. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
  6. ^ J. Gordon Melton and Martin Baumann, Religions of the World, Second Edition: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, page 2663
  7. ^ Asafa Jalata, State Crises, Globalisation, And National Movements In North-east Africa page 3-4
  8. ^ Ullendorff, Edward (1966). "The Glorious Victories of 'Amda Ṣeyon, King of Ethiopia". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 29 (3). Cambridge University Press: 601. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00073432. JSTOR 611476. S2CID 162414707.
  9. ^ Østebø, Terje (30 September 2011). Localising Salafism Religious Change Among Oromo Muslims in Bale, Ethiopia. BRILL. pp. 56–57. ISBN 978-9004184787.
  10. ^ Pankhurst, Richard (1997). The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from Ancient Times to the End of the 18th Century. The Red Sea Press. p. 39. ISBN 9780932415196.
  11. ^ Huntingford, G.W.B (1955). "Arabic Inscriptions in Southern Ethiopia". Antiquity. 29 (116). Cambridge University Press: 230–233. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00021955.

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