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Sultanate of Ifat information


Sultanate of Ifat
سلطنة عفت
1185–1403
The Ifat Sultanate in the 14th century.
The Ifat Sultanate in the 14th century.
CapitalShewa, Harar plateau, and Zeila present day Somaliland
Common languagesSomali, Harari, Arabic, Afar, Argobba and other
languages[citation needed]
Religion
Islam
GovernmentMonarchy
Sulṭān 
History 
• Established
1185
• Disestablished
1403
CurrencyDinar and Dirham[1]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Sultanate of Ifat Sultanate of Showa
Adal Sultanate Sultanate of Ifat
Today part ofDjibouti
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Somaliland

The Sultanate of Ifat, known as Wafāt or Awfāt in Arabic texts,[2] was a medieval Sunni Muslim state in the eastern regions of the Horn of Africa between the late 13th century and early 15th century.[3][4][5] It was formed in present-day Ethiopia around eastern Shewa[6][7][8] or Zeila.[9][10] Led by the Walashma dynasty, the polity stretched from Zequalla to the port city of Zeila.[11] The kingdom ruled over parts of what are now Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somaliland.

  1. ^ Zakeria, Ahmed (1991). "Harari Coins: A Preliminary Survey". Journal of Ethiopian Studies. Institute of Ethiopian Studies. 24: 23–46. JSTOR 41965992.
  2. ^ Trimingham, J. Spencer (2013) [1952]. Islam in Ethiopia. London: Routledge. p. 58. ISBN 9781136970221.
  3. ^ The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (1998). Ifat: historical state. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
  4. ^ J. Gordon Melton and Martin Baumann, Religions of the World, Second Edition: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, page 2663
  5. ^ Asafa Jalata, State Crises, Globalisation, And National Movements In North-east Africa page 3-4
  6. ^ Ullendorff, Edward (1966). "The Glorious Victories of 'Amda Ṣeyon, King of Ethiopia". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Cambridge University Press. 29 (3): 601. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00073432. JSTOR 611476. S2CID 162414707.
  7. ^ Østebø, Terje. Localising Salafism Religious Change Among Oromo Muslims in Bale, Ethiopia. BRILL. pp. 56–57.
  8. ^ Pankhurst, Richard (1997). The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from Ancient Times to the End of the 18th Century. The Red Sea Press. p. 39. ISBN 9780932415196.
  9. ^ A Concise History of Islam Hardcover page 164
  10. ^ Encyclopedia of Africa south of the Sahara page 62
  11. ^ Huntingford, G.W.B. "Arabic Inscriptions in Southern Ethiopia". Cambridge.org. Cambridge University Press.

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been part of the Kingdom of Aksum for over a millennium that became the site of Muslim kingdoms. This state was annexed by the Sultanate of Ifat around 1285...

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historical events. One mention of the Oromo before the Oromo expansion was when the Oromo led a campaign against the Sultanate of Ifat, the campaign being named...

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ruling Walashma dynasty, which would become leaders of the Sultanate of Ifat and Adal Sultanate. The Argobba and the Harla people seem to have relied...

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