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Sultanate of Ifat information

Sultanate of Ifat
سلطنة عفت
The Ifat Sultanate in the 14th century.
The Ifat Sultanate in the 14th century.
  • Wafāt (1275–1387)
  • Zeila (1387–1403)
Official languagesArabic
Common languages
  • Argobba[1]
  • Harari/Harla
  • Sunni Islam (state)
  • School: Shafi'i
  • Creed: Ashʿari
• 1185–1228 (first)
Umar Walasma
• 1376–1403 (last)
Sa'ad ad-Din II
• Established
• Disestablished
CurrencyDinar and Dirham[2]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Sultanate of Ifat Sultanate of Shewa
Adal Sultanate Sultanate of Ifat
Today part ofDjibouti

The Sultanate of Ifat, known as Wafāt or Awfāt in Arabic texts,[3] was a medieval Sunni Muslim state in the eastern regions of the Horn of Africa between the late 13th century and early 15th century.[4][5][6] It was formed in present-day Ethiopia around eastern Shewa in Ifat.[7][8][9] Led by the Walashma dynasty, the polity stretched from Zequalla to the port city of Zeila.[10] The kingdom ruled over parts of what are now Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somaliland.

  1. ^ Endris, Mohammed. Self-Rule And Representation In Amhara National Regional State: A Case Study On Argoba Nationality (PDF). Addis Ababa University. p. 48.
  2. ^ Zakeria, Ahmed (1991). "Harari Coins: A Preliminary Survey". Journal of Ethiopian Studies. Institute of Ethiopian Studies. 24: 23–46. JSTOR 41965992.
  3. ^ Trimingham, J. Spencer (2013) [1952]. Islam in Ethiopia. London: Routledge. p. 58. ISBN 9781136970221.
  4. ^ The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (1998). Ifat: historical state. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
  5. ^ J. Gordon Melton and Martin Baumann, Religions of the World, Second Edition: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia of Beliefs and Practices, page 2663
  6. ^ Asafa Jalata, State Crises, Globalisation, And National Movements In North-east Africa page 3-4
  7. ^ Ullendorff, Edward (1966). "The Glorious Victories of 'Amda Ṣeyon, King of Ethiopia". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Cambridge University Press. 29 (3): 601. doi:10.1017/S0041977X00073432. JSTOR 611476. S2CID 162414707.
  8. ^ Østebø, Terje (30 September 2011). Localising Salafism Religious Change Among Oromo Muslims in Bale, Ethiopia. BRILL. pp. 56–57. ISBN 978-9004184787.
  9. ^ Pankhurst, Richard (1997). The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from Ancient Times to the End of the 18th Century. The Red Sea Press. p. 39. ISBN 9780932415196.
  10. ^ Huntingford, G.W.B. "Arabic Inscriptions in Southern Ethiopia". Cambridge University Press.

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