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Maliki school information


The Maliki school or Malikism (Arabic: ٱلْمَذْهَب ٱلْمَالِكِيّ, romanized: al-madhhab al-mālikī) is one of the four major schools of Islamic jurisprudence within Sunni Islam.[1] It was founded by Malik ibn Anas in the 8th century. The Maliki school of jurisprudence relies on the Quran and hadiths as primary sources. Unlike other Islamic fiqhs, Maliki fiqh also considers the consensus of the people of Medina to be a valid source of Islamic law.[2]

The Maliki school is one of the largest groups of Sunni Muslims, comparable to the Shafi’i madhhab in adherents, but smaller than the Hanafi madhhab.[3][4] Sharia based on Maliki Fiqh is predominantly found in North Africa (excluding northern and eastern Egypt), West Africa, Chad, Sudan, Kuwait, Bahrain,[5] Qatar,[6] the Emirate of Dubai (UAE), and in northeastern parts of Saudi Arabia.[3]

In the medieval era, the Maliki school was also found in parts of Europe under Islamic rule, particularly Islamic Spain and the Emirate of Sicily.[7] A major historical center of Maliki teaching, from the 9th to 11th centuries, was in the Mosque of Uqba of Tunisia.[8][9]

One who ascribes to the Maliki school is called a Maliki, Malikite or Malikist (Arabic: ٱلْمَالِكِيّ, romanized: al-mālikī, pl. ٱلْمَالِكِيَّة, al-mālikiyya).

  1. ^ Ramadan, Hisham M. (2006). Understanding Islamic Law: From Classical to Contemporary. Rowman Altamira. pp. 26–27. ISBN 978-0-7591-0991-9.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference vjc was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ a b Jurisprudence and Law – Islam Reorienting the Veil, University of North Carolina (2009)
  4. ^ Abdullah Saeed (2008), The Qur'an: An Introduction, Routledge, ISBN 978-0415421256, pp. 16–18
  5. ^ Larkin, Barbara (July 2001). International Religious Freedom (2000). DIANE. ISBN 9780756712297.
  6. ^ Anishchenkova, Valerie (2020). Modern Saudi Arabia. p. 143. ISBN 978-1440857058.
  7. ^ Bernard Lewis (2001), The Muslim Discovery of Europe, WW Norton, ISBN 978-0393321654, p. 67
  8. ^ Wilfrid Scawen Blunt and Riad Nourallah, The future of Islam, Routledge, 2002, page 199
  9. ^ Ira Marvin Lapidus, A history of Islamic societies, Cambridge University Press, 2002, page 308

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Maliki school

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The Maliki school or Malikism (Arabic: ٱلْمَذْهَب ٱلْمَالِكِيّ, romanized: al-madhhab al-mālikī) is one of the four major schools of Islamic jurisprudence...

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Madhhab

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madhāhib, [ˈmaðaːhib]) refers to any school of thought within Islamic jurisprudence. The major Sunni madhhab are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i and Hanbali. They emerged...

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Asr prayer

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following: Time begins: The Sunni schools differ on when the time begins. The Maliki, Shafi`i, and Hanbali schools say it is at the time when the length...

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Maliki Osman

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minister in 2020. Maliki attended Duchess Primary School, Dunearn Secondary Technical School and First Toa Payoh Secondary School before graduating from...

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Hanbali school

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traditionalist of the four major Sunni schools, the others being the Hanafi, Maliki and Shafi'i schools. Like the other Sunni schools, it primarily derives sharia...

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Malik ibn Anas

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Islamic scholar and traditionalist who is the eponym of the Maliki school, one of the four schools of Islamic jurisprudence in Sunni Islam. Born in Medina...

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Islam in Ghana

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remainder are non-denominational Muslims. Among Sunni Muslims, the Maliki school of jurisprudence is the most common, though Afa Ajura's reformist activities...

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University of Timbuktu

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and produced a number of scholars and manuscripts taught under the Maliki school of thought. The city of Timbuktu developed out of a semi-permanent campsite...

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Emiratis

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Islamic schools of thought are followed by the Sunni Emiratis, with the Bani Yas of Abu Dhabi and Dubai traditionally adhering to the Maliki school of Islamic...

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Tashahhud

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servant and His messenger." A version attributed to Umar is used by the Maliki school: ٱلتَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّٰهِ ٱلزَّاكِيَاتُ لِلَّٰهِ ٱلطَّيِّبَاتُ وَٱلصَّلَوَاتُ...

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Islam in Algeria

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Algeria. The vast majority of citizens are Sunni Muslims belonging to Maliki school of jurisprudence, with a minority of Ibadi Muslims, most of whom live...

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Kuwait

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system. Kuwait's official state religion is Islam, specifically the Maliki school of Sunni Islam. Kuwait is a high-income economy, backed by the world's...

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Jibril Isa Diso

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University of Birmingham in 1991. Jibril started his career at Tudun Maliki School for special needy Kano. Jibril joined the Department of Special Education...

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Fatimid Caliphate

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followed the Maliki school or madhhab. The Maliki school had become predominant here during the eighth century at the expense of the Hanafi school, which had...

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Malikization of the Maghreb

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Malikization of the Maghreb was the process of encouraging the adoption of the Maliki school (founded by Malik ibn Anas) of Sunni Islam in the Maghreb, especially...

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List of Atharis

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(2005). "Proto-Malikis, Malikis and Reformed Malikis in Al-Andalus". In Peri Bearman; Rudolph Peters; Frank E. Vogel (eds.). The Islamic School of Law: Evolution...

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Isha prayer

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the Hanafi school, Isha begins when complete darkness has arrived and the white twilight in the sky has disappeared. According to the Maliki, Shafi'i and...

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Religion in Burkina Faso

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vast majority of Muslims in Burkina Faso are Sunni Muslims who follow Maliki school of law, deeply influenced by Sufism. The Shi'a and Ahmadiyya branches...

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Mahr

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differences between Maliki, Hanbali, Hanafi, Shafi, and Jafari schools of Islamic jurisprudence. For example, the Hanafi School holds that if the woman...

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Islam in Tunisia

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president be Muslim. The predominant madhhab in the country is the Maliki school. The Tunisian island of Djerba is home to a population of Ibadi Muslims...

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Muwatta Imam Malik

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Al-Laythi's recension is considered the 'vulgate' or standard version in the Maliki school of law. The recension of the Muwatta produced by Ahmad ibn Abi Bakr...

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Religion in the United Arab Emirates

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Al Maktoum ruling families adhere to the Maliki school of jurisprudence. Many followers of the Hanbali school are found in Sharjah, Umm al-Quwain, Ras...

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Animals in Islam

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this is not necessary for adherents of the Sunni Maliki school as "jurists from the Sunni Maliki School disagree with the idea that dogs are unclean." Individual...

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Moors

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grammarian. Yahya al-Laithi, Andalusian scholar who introduced the Maliki school of jurisprudence in Al-Andalus. Abbas ibn Firnas, 810–887, Berber inventor...

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Islam and abortion

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Islam schools of thought—Hanafi, Shafi'i, Hanbali, and Maliki— have their own reservations on if and when abortions are permissible in Islam. The Maliki school...

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daily, although some are Deist. Muslims are mostly Sunni belonging to Maliki school of jurisprudence influenced with Sufism. Ahmadiyya and Shia minorities...

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