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Adjara information


Adjara
აჭარა (Georgian)
Autonomous Republic
Adjara
აჭარის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა (Georgian)
Flag of Adjara
Flag
Official seal of Adjara
Coat of arms
Sovereign stateGeorgia
Part of unified
Georgian Kingdom

9th century
Conquered by
Ottoman Empire

1614
Ceded to Russian Empire1878
Adjar ASSR1921
Autonomous republic
within Georgia

1991
CapitalBatumi
41°39′N 42°0′E / 41.650°N 42.000°E / 41.650; 42.000
Official languagesGeorgian
Ethnic groups
(2014[1])
  • 96.0% Georgians
  • 1.6% Armenians
  • 1.1% Russians
  • 0.2% Ukrainians
  • 0.2% Greeks
  • 0.9% others
Religion
(2014[2])
54.5% Orthodox Christianity
39.8% Islam
2.8% None
1.3% No answer
0.3% Armenian Apostolic Church
1.3% Other
GovernmentDevolved parliamentary autonomous republic
• Chairman of
the Government

Tornike Rizhvadze
LegislatureSupreme Council
Area
• Total
2,880 km2 (1,110 sq mi)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2023 estimate
361,400[3]
• 2014 census
336,077
• Density
124.6/km2 (322.7/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
₾ 5.91 Billion (2022)[4]
• Per capita
₾ 16,652 (2022)
HDI (2021)0.806[5]
very high
CurrencyGeorgian lari (GEL)
Time zoneUTC+4 (UTC)
 • Summer (DST)
not observed

Adjara (Georgian: აჭარა Ach’ara [at͡ʃʼara] ) or Achara, officially known as the Autonomous Republic of Adjara (Georgian: აჭარის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა Ach’aris Avt’onomiuri Resp’ublik’a [atʃʼaris avtʼonomiuri respʼublikʼa] ), is a political-administrative region of Georgia. It is in the country's southwestern corner, on the coast of the Black Sea, near the foot of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, north of Turkey. It is an important tourist destination and includes Georgia's second most populous city of Batumi as its capital. About 350,000 people live on its 2,880 km2 (1,110 sq mi).

Adjara is home to the Adjarians, a regional subgroup of Georgians. The name can be spelled in a number of ways: Ajara, Ajaria, Adjaria, Adzharia, Atchara and Achara. Under the Soviet Union, Adjara was part of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic as the Adjarian ASSR.[6] The autonomous status of Adjara is guaranteed under article 6 of the Treaty of Kars.[7]

  1. ^ "census - Demographic and social characteristics". census.ge. Archived from the original on 2019-08-15. Retrieved 2021-02-14.
  2. ^ georgia-religion 2014
  3. ^ Circle. "Population - National Statistics Office of Georgia". www.geostat.ge. Retrieved 2021-02-14.
  4. ^ "Regional Gross Domestic Product" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  6. ^ "1936 Constitution of the USSR, Part I". bucknell.edu.
  7. ^ Nazaroff, Alexander (1922-11-01). "Russia's Treaty with Turkey". Current History. 17 (2): 276–279. doi:10.1525/curh.1922.17.2.276. ISSN 0011-3530. S2CID 251524942.

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Adjara (Georgian: აჭარა Ach’ara [at͡ʃʼara] ) or Achara, officially known as the Autonomous Republic of Adjara (Georgian: აჭარის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა...

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The Adjara crisis (Georgian: აჭარის კრიზისი, romanized: ach'aris k'rizisi), also known as the Adjarian revolution or the Second Rose Revolution, was a...

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The history of Adjara, a region in the South Caucasus, stretches from its initial Stone Age settlement through to its present day status as Georgia's Autonomous...

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The coat of arms of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara is a shield divided in two by a wavy line. In the center is a red smaller shield of the Lesser Arms...

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Adjara State Museum

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Adjara State Museum (Georgian: აჭარის სახელმწიფო მუზეუმი) is a museum in the city of Batumi in Adjara, Georgia. List of museums in Georgia (country) 41°38′50″N...

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Batumi

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second-largest city of Georgia and the capital of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara, located on the coast of the Black Sea in Georgia's southwest, 20 kilometers...

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Adjarians

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Muslim Georgians, are an ethnographic group of Georgians indigenous to Adjara in south-western Georgia. Adjarian settlements are also found in the Georgian...

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head of the government of the autonomous republic of Adjara. The post was created in 1991. "Adjara Supreme Council Approves Region's New Government". Civil...

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politician and the Chairman of the Government of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara from 2004 to 2012. He assumed office on 20 July 2004, following the resignation...

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State Art Museum of Adjara

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State Art Museum of Adjara (Georgian: აჭარის ხელოვნების სახელმწიფო მუზეუმი) is a museum in the city of Batumi in Adjara, Georgia. The museum houses paintings...

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FC Dinamo Batumi

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facto) Zaragoza, Aragon Other Ajaccio, Corsica Collectivité (France) Batumi, Adjara (Georgia) Comrat, Gagauzia (Moldova) Karyes, Mount Athos (Greece) Mariehamn...

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compose the Caucasus today are the post-Soviet states Georgia (including Adjara and Abkhazia), Azerbaijan (including Nakhchivan), Armenia, and the Russian...

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enforcement in the Autonomous Republic of Adjara, an autonomous republic of Georgia, is the responsibility of the Adjara Regional Police, who are headquartered...

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