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Adjara information


Adjara
აჭარა (Georgian)
Autonomous Republic
Autonomous Republic of Adjara
აჭარის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა (Georgian)
Flag of Adjara
Flag
Official seal of Adjara
Coat of arms
Adjara in Georgia.svg
Sovereign stateGeorgia
Part of unified
Georgian Kingdom

9th century
Conquered by
Ottoman Empire

1614
Ceded to Russian Empire1878
Adjar ASSR1921
Autonomous republic
within Georgia

1991
CapitalBatumi
41°39′N 42°0′E / 41.650°N 42.000°E / 41.650; 42.000
Official languagesGeorgian
Ethnic groups
(2014[1])
  • 96.0% Adjarians
  • 1.6% Armenians
  • 1.1% Russians
  • 0.2% Ukrainians
  • 0.2% Greeks
  • 0.9% others
GovernmentDevolved parliamentary autonomous republic
• Chairman of
the Government

Tornike Rizhvadze
LegislatureSupreme Council
Area
• Total
2,880 km2 (1,110 sq mi)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2019 estimate
349,000[2]
• 2014 census
336,077
• Density
135.32/km2 (350.5/sq mi)
HDI (2017)0.781[3]
high
CurrencyGeorgian lari (GEL)
Time zoneUTC+4 (UTC)
 • Summer (DST)
not observed

Adjara (Georgian: აჭარა Ach’ara [at͡ʃʼara] (Adjaralisten)) or Achara, officially known as the Autonomous Republic of Adjara (Georgian: აჭარის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა Ach’aris Avt’onomiuri Resp’ublik’a [at͡ʃʼaris avtʼɔnɔmiuri rɛspʼublikʼa] (Adjaralisten)), is a political-administrative region of Georgia. Located in the country's southwestern corner, Adjara lies on the coast of the Black Sea near the foot of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, north of Turkey. It is an important tourist destination and includes Georgia's second most populous city of Batumi as its capital. About 350,000 people live on its 2,880 km2 (1,110 sq mi).

Adjara is home to the Adjarians, a regional subgroup of Georgians. The name can be spelled in a number of ways, including Ajara, Ajaria, Adjaria, Adzharia, Atchara and Achara. Under the Soviet Union, Adjara was part of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic as the Adjarian ASSR.[4] The autonomous status of Adjara is guaranteed under article 6 of the Treaty of Kars.

  1. ^ "census - Demographic and social characteristics". census.ge. Retrieved 2021-02-14.
  2. ^ Circle. "Population - National Statistics Office of Georgia". www.geostat.ge. Retrieved 2021-02-14.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  4. ^ "1936 Constitution of the USSR, Part I". bucknell.edu.

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The flag of Adjara is a flag of Georgia's autonomous republic of Adjara. It displays seven dark blue and white stripes, with the national flag of Georgia...

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