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Ahmad Sirhindi information

Ahmad al-Faruqi al-Sirhindi
Painting of Ahmad Sirhindi (left), c. 16th or 17th century
TitleMujadid-i-Alf-i-Thani (Reviver of the Second Millennium).
Born26 May[1][2] 1564[3]: 90 /1563[4]
Sirhind, Lahore Subah, Mughal Empire
(modern-day Punjab, India)
Died10 December 1624(1624-12-10) (aged 60)
Sirhind, Lahore Subah, Mughal Empire
EraMughal India
Main interest(s)Islamic Law, Islamic philosophy
Notable idea(s)Evolution of Islamic philosophy Application of Islamic law
Muslim leader
Influenced by
  • Shaykh Yaqub Sarfi Kashmiri
  • Jahangir
    shah Waliullah
    Shah Abdul Aziz
    Imam Ahmad Raza Khan

Ahmad Sirhindi[a] (Arabic: أحمد السرهندي, romanized: Aḥmad al-Sirhindī; 1564 – 1624/1625)[8] was a Punjabi Islamic scholar, Hanafi jurist, and member of the Naqshbandī Sufi order.[9][10]

During the lifetime of Ahmad Sirhindi, there were religious heterodox movements within the Mughal court such as Din-i Ilahi, a new religion introduced by emperor Akbar.[11] Ahmad Sirhindi took an immediate act to counter this doctrine by writing numerous letters towards the ruling elite circles of the Mughal court.[12] His act of preserving orthodoxy of Islam within subcontinent has cemented his reputation by some followers as a Mujaddid, or a "reviver".[13][14]

While early and modern South Asian scholarship credited him for contributing to conservative trends in Indian Islam, more recent works, such as Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi[15] and commentaries from western scholars such as Ter Haar, Friedman, and Buehler, have pointed to Sirhindi's significant contributions to Sufi epistemology and practices.[16][17][18][19]

  1. ^ Biography of Ahmad Sirhindi in Urdu Language Archived 21 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Biography of Ahmad Sirhindi (Mujaddid Alf Sani)". Story of Pakistan website. June 2003. Archived from the original on 27 June 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2023.
  3. ^ Annemarie Schimmel. Islam in the Indian Subcontinent. ISBN 9004061177.
  4. ^ M. Sharif 1966, p. 873-883.
  5. ^ Bruckmayr, Philipp (2020). "Salafī Challenge and Māturīdī Response: Contemporary Disputes over the Legitimacy of Māturīdī kalām". Die Welt des Islams. 60 (2–3). Brill: 293–324. doi:10.1163/15700607-06023P06. S2CID 225852485.
  6. ^ مقالات الإسلاميين في شهر رمضان الكريم. IslamKotob. p. 123. Retrieved 16 December 2023.
  7. ^ Algar, Hamid (2000). Imâm-i Rabbânî (in Turkish). Vol. 22. Istanbul: Turkish Diyanet Foundation. pp. 194–199.
  8. ^ Muhammad Ali Jihad (2002). معجم الأدباء من العصر الجاهلي حتى سنة 2002 - ج 6 - محمد علي جهاد - و [Dictionary of Writers from the Pre-Islamic Era until 2002 - Part 6 - Muhammad Ali Jihad] (Paperback). IslamKotob. Retrieved 3 March 2024.
  9. ^ Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi at the Encyclopædia Britannica. "Shaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī, (born 1564?, Sirhind, Patiāla, India—died 1624, Sirhind), Indian mystic and theologian who was largely responsible for the reassertion and revival in India of orthodox Sunnite Islam as a reaction against the syncretistic religious tendencies prevalent during the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar."
  10. ^ Cite error: The named reference pol was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ Malik, Zubair & Parveen 2016, p. 158.
  12. ^ Malik, Zubair & Parveen 2016, p. 159-162.
  13. ^ Josef W. Meri, Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia, (Routledge 1 Dec 2005), p 678. ISBN 0415966906
  14. ^ Glasse, Cyril (1997). The New Encyclopedia of Islam. AltaMira Press. p. 432. ISBN 90-04-10672-3.
  15. ^ Cite error: The named reference نبذة عن الإمام أحمد الفاروقي was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  16. ^ Ahmad 1964.
  17. ^ Friedmann 2000, New Delhi.
  18. ^ Haar & Friedmann 1992, Leiden.
  19. ^ Buehler 2011, Louisville, Kentucky.

Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).

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