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Ahmad Sirhindi information


Shaykh

Ahmad al-Faruqi al-Sirhindi

Sufi
Ahmad Sirhindi.jpg
Painting of Ahmad Sirhindi (left)
TitleMujadid-i- Alf-i-Thani (Reviver of the second Millennium).
Personal
Born26 May[1][2] 1564[3]: 90 
Sirhind, Punjab, Mughal Empire
Died10 December 1624(1624-12-10) (aged 60)
Sirhind, Punjab, Mughal Empire
ReligionIslam
EraMughal India
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceHanafi
CreedMaturidi[4]
Main interest(s)Islamic Law, Islamic philosophy
Notable idea(s)Evolution of Islamic philosophy, application of Islamic law
TariqaNaqshbandi
Muslim leader
Influenced by
  • Shaykh Yaqub Sarfi Kashmiri

Aḥmad al-Fārūqī al-Sirhindī (1564-1624), also known as Imam Rabbani,[5] was a Punjabi Indian Islamic scholar, Hanafi jurist, and member of the Naqshbandī Sufi order.[6] He has been described by some followers as a Mujaddid, meaning a “reviver", for his work in rejuvenating Islam and opposing the newly made religion of Din-i Ilahi and other problematic opinions of Mughal emperor Akbar.[3][7] While early South Asian scholarship credited him for contributing to conservative trends in Indian Islam, more recent works, notably by ter Haar, Friedman, and Buehler, have pointed to Sirhindi's significant contributions to Sufi epistemology and practices.[8]

Most of the Naqshbandī suborders today, such as the Muḥammadī, Haqqānī, Qāsimī, trace their spiritual lineage through Sirhindi as the Mujaddidī branch.

Tomb of Mujaddid e Alfsani

Sirhindi's shrine, known as Rauza Sharif, is located in Sirhind, Punjab, India.

  1. ^ Biography of Ahmad Sirhindi in Urdu Language Archived 21 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 8 June 2018
  2. ^ Biography of Ahmad Sirhindi on storyofpakistan.com website Retrieved 5 June 2018
  3. ^ a b Annemarie Schimmel. Islam in the Indian Subcontinent. ISBN 9004061177.
  4. ^ Bruckmayr, Philipp (2020). "Salafī Challenge and Māturīdī Response: Contemporary Disputes over the Legitimacy of Māturīdī kalām". Die Welt des Islams. Brill. 60 (2–3): 293–324. doi:10.1163/15700607-06023P06. S2CID 225852485.
  5. ^ Algar, Hamid (2000). "Imâm-i Rabbânî". Islam Ansiklopedisi (in Turkish). Vol. 22. Istanbul: Turkish Diyanet Foundation. pp. 194–199.
  6. ^ Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi at the Encyclopædia Britannica. "Shaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī, (born 1564?, Sirhind, Patiāla, India—died 1624, Sirhind), Indian mystic and theologian who was largely responsible for the reassertion and revival in India of orthodox Sunnite Islam as a reaction against the syncretistic religious tendencies prevalent during the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar."
  7. ^ Glasse, Cyril, The New Encyclopedia of Islam, Altamira Press, 2001, p.432
  8. ^ Aziz Ahmad, Studies in Islamic Culture in the Indian Environment, Oxford University Press, 1964. Friedmann, Yohannan. Shaikh Aḥmad Sirhindī: An Outline of His Thought and a Study of His Image in the Eyes of Posterity. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2000. Haar, J.G.J. ter. Follower and Heir of the Prophet: Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi (1564-1624) as Mystic. Leiden: Van Het Oosters Instituut, 1992. Buehler, Arthur. Revealed Grace: The Juristic Sufism of Aḥmad Sirhindi (1564-1624). Louisville, Kentucky: Fons Vitae, 2011.

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