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Ahmad Sirhindi information

Ahmad al-Faruqi al-Sirhindi
Painting of Ahmad Sirhindi (left), c. 16th or 17th century
TitleMujadid-i- Alf-i-Thani (Reviver of the second Millennium).
Born26 May[1][2] 1564[3]: 90 
Sirhind, Punjab, Mughal Empire
Died10 December 1624(1624-12-10) (aged 60)
Sirhind, Punjab, Mughal Empire
EraMughal India
Main interest(s)Islamic Law, Islamic philosophy
Notable idea(s)Evolution of Islamic philosophy, application of Islamic law
Muslim leader
Influenced by
  • Shaykh Yaqub Sarfi Kashmiri

Aḥmad al-Fārūqī al-Sirhindī (1564 – 1624), also known as Imam Rabbani and Mujadid Alf-e-Sani (Reviver of the second Millennium),[5] was an Indian Islamic scholar, Hanafi jurist, and member of the Naqshbandī Sufi order.[6] He has been described by some followers as a Mujaddid, meaning a “reviver", for his work in rejuvenating Islam and opposing the newly made religion of Din-i Ilahi and other problematic opinions of Mughal emperor Akbar.[7][8] While early South Asian scholarship credited him for contributing to conservative trends in Indian Islam, more recent works, notably by ter Haar, Friedman, and Buehler, have pointed to Sirhindi's significant contributions to Sufi epistemology and practices.[9]

Tomb of Mujaddid e Alfsani

The shrine of Ahmad Sirhindi, known as Rauza Sharif, is located in Sirhind, Punjab, India.

  1. ^ Biography of Ahmad Sirhindi in Urdu Language Archived 21 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Biography of Ahmad Sirhindi (Mujaddid Alf Sani)". Story of Pakistan website. Archived from the original on 27 June 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2023.
  3. ^ Annemarie Schimmel. Islam in the Indian Subcontinent. ISBN 9004061177.
  4. ^ Bruckmayr, Philipp (2020). "Salafī Challenge and Māturīdī Response: Contemporary Disputes over the Legitimacy of Māturīdī kalām". Die Welt des Islams. Brill. 60 (2–3): 293–324. doi:10.1163/15700607-06023P06. S2CID 225852485.
  5. ^ Algar, Hamid (2000). Imâm-i Rabbânî (in Turkish). Vol. 22. Istanbul: Turkish Diyanet Foundation. pp. 194–199.
  6. ^ Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi at the Encyclopædia Britannica. "Shaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī, (born 1564?, Sirhind, Patiāla, India—died 1624, Sirhind), Indian mystic and theologian who was largely responsible for the reassertion and revival in India of orthodox Sunnite Islam as a reaction against the syncretistic religious tendencies prevalent during the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar."
  7. ^ Josef W. Meri, Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia, (Routledge 1 Dec 2005), p 678. ISBN 0415966906
  8. ^ Glasse, Cyril (1997). The New Encyclopedia of Islam. AltaMira Press. p. 432. ISBN 90-04-10672-3.
  9. ^ Aziz Ahmad, Studies in Islamic Culture in the Indian Environment, Oxford University Press, 1964. Friedmann, Yohannan. Shaikh Aḥmad Sirhindī: An Outline of His Thought and a Study of His Image in the Eyes of Posterity. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2000. Haar, J.G.J. ter. Follower and Heir of the Prophet: Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi (1564-1624) as Mystic. Leiden: Van Het Oosters Instituut, 1992. Buehler, Arthur. Revealed Grace: The Juristic Sufism of Aḥmad Sirhindi (1564-1624). Louisville, Kentucky: Fons Vitae, 2011.

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was given to Khwaja Fathallah, the brother of the ancestor of Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi. He made it a new pargana by dividing the old fief of Samana Firuz Shah...

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there except the One is an idol. Other Sufi mystics however, such as Ahmad Sirhindi, upheld dualistic Monotheism (the separation of God and the Universe)...

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had left aside the rosary and the clothes of a saint (fakir). Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi cheered the punishment and execution of Arjun, calling the Sikh Guru...

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the Mujaddidi Order and a disciple of the son of the Punjabi saint, Ahmad Sirhindi. He sought to establish Islamic rule as instructed and inspired by him...

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containing Ahmad Sirhindi's letters to his disciples, family members, and men of state and of influence Maktubat, a collection of Ahmad Sirhindi letters...

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(1445–1505) Selim I (1470–1520) Suleiman the Magnificent (1494-1566) Ahmad Sirhindi (1564–1624) Khayr al-Din al-Ramli (1585–1671) Mahiuddin Aurangzeb Alamgir...

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