Global Information Lookup Global Information

Aurangzeb information


Aurangzeb
اورنگ‌زیب
  • Al-Mukarram[a]
  • Al-Sultan al-Azam[1]
  • Amir al-mu'minin[b]
Aurangzeb-portrait.jpg
Aurangzeb holding a hawk in c. 1660
6th Emperor of the Mughal Empire
Sovereignty31 July 1658 – 3 March 1707
PredecessorShah Jahan
SuccessorAzam Shah
BornMuhi al-Din Muhammad
c. 1618
Dahod, Gujarat
Died3 March 1707
(aged 88)
Ahmednagar, Aurangabad
Burial
Tomb of Aurangzeb, Khuldabad
Spouse
  • Dilras Banu
    (m. 1637; d. 1657)
  • Nawab Bai
    (m. 1638; d. 1691)
  • Aurangabadi Mahal
    (d. 1688)
  • Udaipuri Mahal
Issue
  • Zeb-un-Nisa
  • Muhammad Sultan
  • Zinat-un-Nisa
  • Shah Alam I
  • Badr-un-Nisa
  • Zubdat-un-Nisa
  • Azam Shah
  • Muhammad Akbar
  • Mihr-un-Nisa
  • Kam Bakhsh
HouseImperial Seal of the Mughal Empire.svg House of Babur
DynastyAurangzebTimurid dynasty
FatherShah Jahan
MotherMumtaz Mahal
ReligionSunni Islam[c]

Muhi al-Din Muhammad (Persian: محی الدین محمد, romanized: Muḥī al-Dīn Muḥammad; c. 1618 – 3 March 1707), commonly known as Aurangzeb (Persian: اورنگ‌زیب, lit. 'Ornament of the Throne') and by his regnal title Alamgir (Persian: عالمگیر, romanized: ʿĀlamgīr, lit. 'Conqueror of the World'), was the sixth emperor of the Mughal Empire, ruling from July 1658 until his death in 1707. Under his emperorship, the Mughals reached their greatest extent with their territory spanning nearly the entirety of South Asia.[2][3][4][5]

Widely considered to be the last effective Mughal ruler, Aurangzeb compiled the Fatawa 'Alamgiri and was amongst the few monarchs to have fully established Sharia and Islamic economics throughout South Asia.[6][7][8]

Belonging to the aristocratic Timurid dynasty, Aurangzeb's early life was occupied with pious pursuits. He held administrative and military posts under his father Shah Jahan (r. 1628–1658) and gained recognition as an accomplished military commander. Aurangzeb served as the viceroy of the Deccan in 1636–1637 and the governor of Gujarat in 1645–1647. He jointly administrated the provinces of Multan and Sindh in 1648–1652 and continued expeditions into the neighboring Safavid territories. In September 1657, Shah Jahan nominated his eldest and liberalist son Dara Shikoh as his successor, a move repudiated by Aurangzeb, who proclaimed himself emperor in February 1658. In April 1658, Aurangzeb defeated the allied army of Shikoh and the Kingdom of Marwar at the battle of Dharmat. Aurangzeb's decisive victory at the battle of Samugarh in May 1658 cemented his sovereignty and his suzerainty was acknowledged throughout the Empire. After Shah Jahan recovered from illness in July 1658, Aurangzeb declared him incompetent to rule and imprisoned his father in the Agra Fort.

Under Aurangzeb's emperorship, the Mughals reached its greatest extent with their territory spanning nearly the entire South Asia. His reign is characterized by a period of rapid military expansion, with several dynasties and states being overthrown by the Mughals. His conquests acquired him the regnal title Alamgir ('Conqueror'). The Mughals also surpassed Qing China as the world's largest economy and biggest manufacturing power. The Mughal military gradually improved and became one of the strongest armies in the world. A staunch Muslim, Aurangzeb is credited with the construction of numerous mosques and patronizing works of Arabic calligraphy. He successfully imposed the Fatawa 'Alamgiri as the principal regulating body of the empire and prohibited religiously forbidden activities in Islam. Although Aurangzeb suppressed several local revolts, he maintained cordial relations with foreign governments.

Aurangzeb is generally considered by Islamic historians to be one of the greatest emperors of the Mughals. While there is considerable admiration for Aurangzeb in the contemporary sources, he has been criticized for his executions and demolition of Hindu temples. Furthermore, his Islamization of the region, introduction of the Jizya tax and abandonment of un-Islamic practices caused resentment among non-Muslims. Aurangzeb is commemorated by Muslims as a just ruler and the Mujaddid (centennial reviver) of the 11th–12th Islamic century.


Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).

  1. ^ "Tomb of Aurangzeb" (PDF). ASI Aurangabad. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  2. ^ Chapra, Muhammad Umer (2014). Morality and Justice in Islamic Economics and Finance. Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 62–63. ISBN 9781783475728.
  3. ^ Bayly, C.A. (1990). Indian society and the making of the British Empire (1st pbk. ed.). Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press. p. 7. ISBN 9780521386500.
  4. ^ Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M.; Hall, Thomas D (December 2006). "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires". Journal of World-Systems Research. 12 (2): 223. ISSN 1076-156X. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  5. ^ József Böröcz (10 September 2009). The European Union and Global Social Change. Routledge. p. 21. ISBN 9781135255800. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  6. ^ Catherine Blanshard Asher, (1992) "Architecture of Mughal India – Part 1", Cambridge university Press, Volume 1, Page 252.
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference Hussein2002 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ Kawser Ahmed; Helal Mohiuddin (2019). The Rohingya Crisis: Analyses, Responses, and Peacebuilding Avenues. Lexington Books. p. 8. ISBN 9781498585750.

and 25 Related for: Aurangzeb information

Request time (Page generated in 0.6767 seconds.)

Aurangzeb

Last Update:

romanized: Muḥī al-Dīn Muḥammad; c. 1618 – 3 March 1707), commonly known as Aurangzeb (Persian: اورنگ‌زیب, lit. 'Ornament of the Throne') and by his regnal...

Word Count : 18064

Tahira Aurangzeb

Last Update:

Tahira Aurangzeb (Urdu: طاہرہ اورنگزیب) is a Pakistani politician who has been a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan, since August 2018. Previously...

Word Count : 314

Marriyum Aurangzeb

Last Update:

Marriyum Aurangzeb (Urdu: مریم اورنگزیب) is a Pakistani politician from Pakistan Muslim League (N) who is a member of the National Assembly. She is current...

Word Count : 884

Tomb of Aurangzeb

Last Update:

The Tomb of Aurangzeb, the last influential Mughal emperor, is located in Khuldabad, Aurangabad district, Maharashtra, India. In notable contrast to other...

Word Count : 552

Mughal emperors

Last Update:

quarter-Persian, and Shah Jahan was three-quarters Rajput. During the reign of Aurangzeb (r. 1658–1707), the empire, as the world's largest economy and manufacturing...

Word Count : 2178

Aurangzeb Leghari

Last Update:

Aurangzeb Leghari (born 25 October 1944) is a Pakistani TV actor who has been working in TV dramas since the 1970s. His notable TV plays include Waris...

Word Count : 277

Bibi Ka Maqbara

Last Update:

emperor Aurangzeb in the memory of his wife Dilras Banu Begum (posthumously known as Rabia-ud-Daurani) and is considered to be a symbol of Aurangzeb's 'conjugal...

Word Count : 1567

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Road

Last Update:

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam Road formerly, Aurangzeb Road is a road in New Delhi, India. It lies at the north-east end, stretching from the 'Taj Mansingh Hotel'...

Word Count : 581

Bahadur Shah I

Last Update:

his death in 1712. In his youth, he conspired to overthrow his father Aurangzeb, the sixth Mughal emperor, and ascend to the throne. He was governor of...

Word Count : 4472

Mughal Empire

Last Update:

until 1720, until shortly after the death of the last major emperor, Aurangzeb, during whose reign the empire also achieved its maximum geographical...

Word Count : 14375

Miangul Aurangzeb

Last Update:

Miangul Aurangzeb (Urdu/Pashto: میاں گل اورنگزیب‎ 28 May 1928 – 3 August 2014) was the last Wali Ahad (Crown Prince) of the former Swat State, the son...

Word Count : 859

Muhammad Azam Shah

Last Update:

1707 to 20 June 1707. He was the third son of the sixth Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and his chief consort Dilras Banu Begum. Azam was appointed as the heir-apparent...

Word Count : 1427

Miangul Hassan Aurangzeb

Last Update:

Miangul Hassan Aurangzeb (born 1970) is a Pakistani barrister and judge who is currently one of those serving as a justice before the Islamabad High Court...

Word Count : 441

Sambhaji

Last Update:

and his father Shivaji attended the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's court at Agra on 12 May 1666. Aurangzeb put both of them under house arrest but they escaped...

Word Count : 4282

Miangul Adnan Aurangzeb

Last Update:

Miangul Adnan Aurangzeb (11 January 1960 – 30 May 2022) was a Pakistani engineer, and a member of Parliament MNA. He was head of the former princely family...

Word Count : 346

Guru Gobind Singh

Last Update:

and philosopher. When his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, was executed by Aurangzeb, Guru Gobind Singh was formally installed as the leader of the Sikhs at...

Word Count : 7905

Dara Shikoh

Last Update:

younger brother Prince Muhiuddin (later, the Emperor Aurangzeb). He was executed in 1659 on Aurangzeb's orders in a bitter struggle for the imperial throne...

Word Count : 4576

Aurangzeb Chowdhury

Last Update:

Admiral Aurangzeb Chowdhury, (G), NBP, OSP, BCGM, PCGM, BCGMS, ndc, psc, BN, (born 28 September 1959) is a former four star Admiral of Bangladesh and...

Word Count : 328

Battle of Samugarh

Last Update:

south of the Yamuna River, after Aurangzeb had defeated Dara Shikoh's forces during the Battle of Dharmat. Aurangzeb and his smaller but formidable army...

Word Count : 1146

Jahanara Begum

Last Update:

house arrest by Aurangzeb. A devoted daughter, she took care of Shah Jahan till his death in 1666. Later, Jahanara reconciled with Aurangzeb who gave her...

Word Count : 3493

Shah Jahan

Last Update:

third son Aurangzeb (r. 1658–1707) emerged victorious and became the sixth emperor. After Shah Jahan returned from illness in July 1658, Aurangzeb imprisoned...

Word Count : 6993

Guru Har Rai

Last Update:

conservative Sunni influenced Aurangzeb as the two brothers entered into a war of succession to the Mughal Empire throne. After Aurangzeb won the succession war...

Word Count : 1518

Dilras Banu Begum

Last Update:

1622 – 8 October 1657) was the first wife and chief consort of Emperor Aurangzeb, the sixth Mughal emperor. She is also known by her posthumous title,...

Word Count : 2351

Gyanvapi Mosque

Last Update:

Mosque is located in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was constructed by Aurangzeb in 1669 upon demolition of an older Shiva temple. The site had a Vishweshwar...

Word Count : 6028

Shivaji

Last Update:

200 horses. Aurangzeb responded to the raids by sending Nasiri Khan, who defeated the forces of Shivaji at Ahmednagar. However, Aurangzeb's countermeasures...

Word Count : 12437

PDF Search Engine © AllGlobal.net