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Hamza ibn Ali information


Hamza ibn Ali ibn Ahmad
Born985
Zozan, Khurasan (Samanid Empire)
Died1021
Mecca, Sharifate of Mecca (according to one claim)
Cause of deathDecapitation (according to one claim)
Years activec. 1017–1021
Known forFounder of the Druze religion
Opponents
  • Isma'ilis
  • Sunnis

Hamza ibn ‘Alī ibn Aḥmad (Arabic: حمزة بن علي بن أحمد; 985 – c. 1021) was an 11th-century Ismaili missionary and founding leader of the Druze. He was born in Zozan in Greater Khorasan in Samanid-ruled Persia (modern Khaf, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran), and preached his heterodox strand of Isma'ilism in Cairo during the reign of the Fatimid caliph al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah. According to Hamza, al-Hakim was God made manifest. Despite opposition from the established Isma'ili clergy, Hamza persisted, apparently being tolerated or even patronized by al-Hakim himself, and set up a parallel hierarchy of missionaries in Egypt and Syria. Following al-Hakim's disappearance—or, most likely, assassination—in February 1021, Hamza and his followers were persecuted by the new regime. Hamza himself announced his retirement in his final epistle to his followers, in which he also promised that al-Hakim would soon return and usher the end times. Hamza disappeared thereafter, although one contemporary source claims that he fled to Mecca, where he was recognized and executed. His disciple Baha al-Din al-Muqtana resumed Hamza's missionary effort in 1027–1042, finalizing the doctrines of the Druze faith.

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Hamza ibn Ali

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Hamza ibnAlī ibn Aḥmad (Arabic: حمزة بن علي بن أحمد; 985 – c. 1021) was an 11th-century Ismaili missionary and founding leader of the Druze. He was born...

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Druze

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monotheistic, syncretic, and ethnic religion based on the teachings of Hamza ibn Ali ibn Ahmad and ancient Greek philosophers like Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras...

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Family tree of Ali

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descendant of Ali, and his lineage is traced as Qutb Shah (Awn) ibn Yaala ibn Hamza ibn Tayyar ibn Qasim ibn Ali ibn Ja'far ibn Hamza ibn al-Hasan ibn Ubaydullah...

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Epistles of Wisdom

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Epistle number six is dated earliest and was written in July 1017 AD by Hamza ibn-'Ali ibn-Ahmad and he is specifically mentioned as the author of thirty more...

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Messiah

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and died by crucifixion. Druze believe that Hamza ibn Ali was a reincarnation of Jesus, and that Hamza ibn Ali is the true Messiah, who directed the deeds...

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Messianism

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(Mashiach), Christianity (Christ), Islam (Isa Masih), Druze faith (Jesus and Hamza ibn Ali), Zoroastrianism (Saoshyant), Buddhism (Maitreya), Taoism (Li Hong)...

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Jesus

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and Hamza ibn Ali as the incarnations of one of the five great celestial powers, who form part of their system. Druze believe that Hamza ibn Ali was a...

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Religious perspectives on Jesus

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and Hamza ibn Ali as the incarnations of one of the five great celestial powers, who form part of their system. Druze believe that Hamza ibn Ali was a...

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Christianity and Druze

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is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion based on the teachings of Hamza ibn-'Ali ibn-Ahmad and the sixth Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, and Greek...

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Walid ibn Utba

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fought a duel against Hamza ibn Abd al-Muttalib, Ali ibn Abi Talib, and Ubayda ibn al-Harith. In the combat duel, Walid was killed by Ali, Walid's father Utba...

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Wahshi ibn Harb

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Hind bint Utbah to kill one of the three persons (Muhammad, Ali ibn Abi Talib, or Hamza ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib) so that she might avenge her father's death...

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Military career of Ali

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however, received a fatal wound from Utbah ibn Rab'iah. Ali and Hamza hastily dispatched Ut'bah ibn Rab'iah, carrying Ubaida to die in the Muslim lines....

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Shuaib

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Quran 26:176–189 Quran 38:13–15 Quran 50:12–14 Ibn Kathir, Ismail. Qisas Al-Anbiya. p. 220. Abdullah Yusuf Ali: Holy Quran: Text, Translation and Commentary...

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Western Asia

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is a monotheistic religion based on the teachings of figures like Hamza ibn-'Ali ibn-Ahmad and Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah and Greek philosophers such as Plato...

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Abrahamic religions

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monotheistic religion based on the teachings of high Islamic figures like Hamza ibn-'Ali ibn-Ahmad and Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, and Greek philosophers such as Plato...

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Salman the Persian

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considered Salman as being part of his household. He was a follower of Ali ibn Abi Talib after the death of Muhammad. Salman was a Persian born with the...

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Harith ibn Nabhan

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years after the martyrdom of Hamza. Harith was a companion of Ali ibn Abi Talib and Hasan ibn Ali. He accompanied Hussain ibn Ali to Karbala and was martyred...

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Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Abdallah

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Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī ibn ʿAbd Allāh (Arabic: محمد بن علي بن عبد الله) or Muḥammad al-Imām (679/80 - 744) was the son of Ali ibn Abd Allah ibn al-Abbas and...

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John Philoponus

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particularly Hamid al-Din al-Kirmani, who debated Avicenna on the topic, and Hamza ibn Ali. His critique of Aristotle in the Physics commentary was a major influence...

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Hamzanama

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"Adventures of Amir Hamza") narrates the legendary exploits of Amir Hamza, or Hamza ibn Abdul-Muttalib, an uncle of Muhammad. Most of the stories are extremely...

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985

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Hungary (d. 1065) John Gualbert, Italian monk and abbot (d. 1073) Hamza ibn 'Ali ibn-Ahmad, founding leader of the Druze Maria of Amalfi, Lombard duchess...

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