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Hamza ibn Ali information


Hamza ibn Ali ibn Ahmad
Born985
Zozan, Khurasan (Samanid Empire)
Died1021
Mecca, Sharifate of Mecca (according to one claim)
Cause of deathDecapitation (according to one claim)
Years activec. 1017–1021
Known forFounder of the Druze religion
Opponents
  • Isma'ilis
  • Sunnis

Hamza ibn Ali ibn Ahmad (Arabic: حمزة بن علي بن أحمد, romanized: Ḥamza ibn ‘Alī ibn ʾAḥmad; c. 985–c. 1021) was an 11th-century Persian missionary and founding figure of the Druze. He was born in Zozan in Greater Khorasan in Samanid-ruled Persia (modern Khaf, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran), and preached his heterodox strand of Isma'ilism in Cairo during the reign of the Fatimid caliph al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah. According to Hamza, al-Hakim was God made manifest. Despite opposition from the established Isma'ili clergy, Hamza persisted, apparently being tolerated or even patronized by al-Hakim himself, and set up a parallel hierarchy of missionaries in Egypt and Syria. Following al-Hakim's disappearance—or, most likely, assassination—in February 1021, Hamza and his followers were persecuted by the new regime. Hamza himself announced his retirement in his final epistle to his followers, in which he also promised that al-Hakim would soon return and usher the end times. Hamza disappeared thereafter, although one contemporary source claims that he fled to Mecca, where he was recognized and executed. His disciple Baha al-Din al-Muqtana resumed Hamza's missionary effort in 1027–1042, finalizing the doctrines of the Druze faith.

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Hamza ibn Ali

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Hamza ibn Ali ibn Ahmad (Arabic: حمزة بن علي بن أحمد, romanized: Ḥamza ibnAlī ibn ʾAḥmad; c. 985–c. 1021) was an 11th-century Persian missionary and...

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Druze

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heretical group created by ad-Darazī, rather than the followers of Hamza ibn 'Alī. As for Western sources, Benjamin of Tudela, the Jewish traveler who...

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Epistles of Wisdom

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Epistle number six is dated earliest and was written in July 1017 AD by Hamza ibn-'Ali ibn-Ahmad and he is specifically mentioned as the author of thirty more...

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Religious perspectives on Jesus

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and Hamza ibn Ali as the incarnations of one of the five great celestial powers, who form part of their system. Druze believe that Hamza ibn Ali was a...

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Messianism

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(Mashiach), Christianity (Christ), Islam (Mahdi and Isa Masih), Druze faith (Hamza ibn Ali), Zoroastrianism (Saoshyant), Buddhism (Maitreya), Taoism (Li Hong)...

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Messiah

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he offers forgiveness. Druze believe that Hamza ibn Ali was a reincarnation of Jesus, and that Hamza ibn Ali is the true Messiah, who directed the deeds...

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Christianity and Druze

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is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion based on the teachings of Hamza ibn-'Ali ibn-Ahmad and the sixth Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, and Greek...

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Lebanese Druze

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pillars Taqiya Walayah Important figures Shu'ayb Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah Hamza ibn Ali Al-Darazi Baha al-Din al-Muqtana Al-Tanukhi Texts Epistles of Wisdom...

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Military career of Ali

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champion, however, received a fatal wound from Utbah ibn Rab'iah. Ali and Hamza hastily dispatched Ut'bah ibn Rab'iah, carrying Ubaida to die in the Muslim lines...

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Wahshi ibn Harb

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Hind bint Utbah to kill one of the three persons (Muhammad, Ali ibn Abi Talib, or Hamza ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib) so that he might avenge his father's death...

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Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Abdallah

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Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī ibn ʿAbd Allāh (Arabic: محمد بن علي بن عبد الله) or Muḥammad al-Imām (679/80 - 743) was the son of Ali ibn Abd Allah ibn al-Abbas and...

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Iranian religions

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reincarnation and the eternity of the soul. It was founded by the Persian Hamza ibn Ali ibn Ahmad, an Ismaili mystic from Khorasan, and another important early...

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Shuaib

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Quran 26:176-189 Quran 38:13-15 Quran 50:12-14 Ibn Kathir, Ismail. Qisas Al-Anbiya. p. 220. Abdullah Yusuf Ali: Holy Quran: Text, Translation and Commentary...

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West Asia

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is a monotheistic religion based on the teachings of figures like Hamza ibn-'Ali ibn-Ahmad and Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah and Greek philosophers such as Plato...

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Reincarnation

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Kabbalists like Nahmanides (the Ramban) and Rabbenu Bahya ben Asher, Levi ibn Habib (the Ralbah), Shelomoh Alkabez, Moses Cordovero, Moses Chaim Luzzatto;...

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Abrahamic religions

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monotheistic religion based on the teachings of high Islamic figures like Hamza ibn-'Ali ibn-Ahmad and Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, and Greek philosophers such as Plato...

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