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Tigray Region information


Tigray Region
ክልል ትግራይ
Regional state
Tigray National Regional State
Flag of Tigray Region
Official seal of Tigray Region
Nickname: 
The birthplace of Ethiopian civilization
Motto(s): 
"ዘይንድይቦ ጎቦ"
"There are no mountains we would not climb"
Map of Ethiopia showing Tigray Region
Map of Ethiopia showing Tigray Region
Coordinates: 13°34′30″N 39°05′15″E / 13.57500°N 39.08750°E / 13.57500; 39.08750
CountryEthiopia
CapitalMekelle
Government
 • Chief AdministratorGetachew Reda Kahsay
Area
[1]
 • Total50,079 km2 (19,336 sq mi)
 • Rank6th
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total5,443,000
 • Rank5th
 • Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Official languageTigrinya
 • DemonymTigrayan
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
ISO 3166 codeET-TI
HDI (2021)0.522 [3]
low · 5th of 11
Websitewww.ethiopia.gov.et/regional-states/tigray-regional-state/

The Tigray Region,[A] officially the Tigray National Regional State,[B] is the northernmost regional state in Ethiopia. The Tigrai Region is the homeland of the Tigrayan (Tegaru), Irob people and Kunama people. Its capital and largest city is Mekelle. Tigray is the fifth-largest by area, the fourth-most populous, and the fifth-most densely populated of the 11 regional states.

Tigray is bordered by Eritrea to the north, the Amhara Region to the south, the Afar Region to the east, and Sudan to the west. [4] Towns in Tigrai include: Mekelle, Adigrat, Axum, Shire, Adwa, Humera, Dansha, Mai Kadra, Enticho, Wukro, Sheraro, Abiy Addi, Atsbi, Hawzen, Adi Gudom, Korem, Maychew, Alamata, Mekoni, Rama, May Tsebri, Addi Remets, Hagere Selam, and Zalambessa.

Tigray's official language is Tigrinya, similar to that of southern Eritrea. The estimated population as of 2019 is approximately 5,443,000.[5] The majority of the population (c. 80%) are farmers, contributing 46% to the regional gross domestic product (2009). The highlands have the highest population density, especially in eastern and central Tigray. The much less densely populated lowlands comprise 48% of Tigray's area. Although the percentage of Muslims in Tigray is less than 5%, it has supposedly been historically Islam’s doorway to the region and to Africa at large.[6] 96% of Tigrayans are Orthodox Christian. After Armenians, ethnic Tigrayans have the highest percentage of Orthodox Christians in the world.

The government of Tigray consists of the executive branch, led by the president, Getachew Reda; the legislative branch, which comprises the state council; and the judicial branch, which is led by the state supreme court. In early November 2020, a conflict between the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) and the Ethiopian federal government (with support from Eritrea)[7] rapidly escalating into the Tigray War, destabilizing the region,[8] and exposing a well-organized campaign to wipe out the region of ethnic Tigrayans.[9] As many as 600,000 people were killed as a result of the war.[10][11][12] As of 2023, the region is run by the Interim Regional Administration of Tigray.

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference 2006_stats was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ SITUATION ANALYSIS OF CHILDREN AND WOMEN: Tigrau Region (PDF) (Report). 1 December 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 23 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  4. ^ Eritrea and Ethiopia (Map). 1:5,000,000. Central Intelligence Agency. 2009. Map #803395. Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2011.
  5. ^ SITUATION ANALYSIS OF CHILDREN AND WOMEN: Tigrai Region (PDF) (Report). 1 December 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 23 December 2021.
  6. ^ Mellse, Merhawit (31 July 2021). "Tigray in History: A Pioneer of Religious Coexistence". Omna Tigray. Archived from the original on 11 December 2022. Retrieved 11 December 2022.
  7. ^ "Eritrean forces killed 100s of civilians in Tigray 'rampage': HRW". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on 7 March 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  8. ^ "Tigray crisis: Ethiopia orders military response after army base seized". BBC News. 4 November 2020. Archived from the original on 19 November 2020. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  9. ^ "Ethiopian leaders said they would 'wipe out' Tigrayans: EU envoy". www.aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 30 June 2021. Retrieved 8 January 2023.
  10. ^ York, Geoffrey (21 October 2022). "Surge of dehumanizing hate speech points to mounting risk of mass atrocities in northern Ethiopia, experts say". The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on 22 October 2022. Retrieved 8 January 2023.
  11. ^ Volodzko, David (10 May 2022). "There's Genocide in Tigray, but Nobody's Talking About it". ISSN 0027-8378. Archived from the original on 8 January 2023. Retrieved 8 January 2023.
  12. ^ Ochab, Dr Ewelina U. "Heightened Risk Of Genocide Against Tigrayans In Ethiopia". Forbes. Archived from the original on 8 January 2023. Retrieved 8 January 2023.


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Shekicho – abolished in 2007 Central Tigray East Tigray North West Tigray South Tigray South East Tigray West Tigray Mekele (special zone) Regions of Ethiopia...

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Mekelle

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special zone and capital of the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. Mekelle was formerly the capital of Enderta awraja in Tigray. It is located around 780 kilometres...

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Casualties of the Tigray War

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Casualties of the Tigray War refers to the civilian and military deaths and injuries in the Tigray War that started in November 2020, in which rape and...

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War crimes in the Tigray War

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Interim Regional Administration of Tigray

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Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion

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the Ark of the Covenant. The church is located in the town of Axum, Tigray Region in northern Ethiopia, near the grounds of Obelisks of Axum. The original...

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Al Nejashi Mosque

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ٱلنَّجَاشِي‎, romanized: Masjid an-Najāšī) is a mosque in Negash, in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. The mosque was established after 615 CE, when the first...

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Debretsion Gebremichael

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of Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF). He was previously the president of the Tigray Region. His position as titular head of the Tigray Region was...

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List of districts in the Tigray Region

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This is a list of the 35 rural woredas, or districts, in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia, as they existed until 2020. The list is compiled from material...

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Getachew Reda

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List of hospitals in Ethiopia

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Araya Zerihun

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an Ethiopian development leader in the Tigray Region. He played a central role in the establishment of the Tigray Development Association (TDA). Zerihun...

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Tigrinya language

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Semitic language commonly spoken in Eritrea and in northern Ethiopia's Tigray Region by the Tigrinya and Tigrayan peoples. It is also spoken by the global...

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Abiy Ahmed

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ዐድዋ; also spelled Adowa or Aduwa) is a town and separate woreda in Tigray Region, Ethiopia. It is best known as the community closest to the site of...

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Tigrayan Orthodox Tewahedo Church

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