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Tigray Region information


Tigray Region
ክልል ትግራይ
Regional state
Tigray National Regional State
Tigray Region
Tigray Region
Tigray Region
Tigray Region
Tigray Region
Tigray Region
From top, left to right: King Ezana's Stele; Obelisk of Axum; The Church of Abba Afse; Yeha; Debre Damo Church; Martyrs' Memorial Monument in Mekelle; Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion
Flag of Tigray Region
Official seal of Tigray Region
Nickname: 
The birthplace of Ethiopian civilization
Motto(s): 
"ዘይንድይቦ ጎቦ"
"There are no mountains we would not climb"
Map of Ethiopia showing Tigray Region
Map of Ethiopia showing Tigray Region
Coordinates: 13°34′30″N 39°05′15″E / 13.57500°N 39.08750°E / 13.57500; 39.08750Coordinates: 13°34′30″N 39°05′15″E / 13.57500°N 39.08750°E / 13.57500; 39.08750
CountryEthiopia
CapitalMekelle
Government
 • Chief Administrator Disputed between Debretsion Gebremichael and Abraham Belay
Area
[1]
 • Total50,079 km2 (19,336 sq mi)
 • Rank6th
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total5,443,000
 • Rank5th
 • Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Official languageTigrinya
 • Other languagesSaho, Kunama, Xamtanga (Agaw), Amharic, Oromo
 • DemonymTigrayan
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
ISO 3166 codeET-TI
HDI (2019)0.508 [3]
low · 5th of 11
Websitewww.ethiopia.gov.et/regional-states/tigray-regional-state/

The Tigray Region (/tɪˈɡr/; Tigrinya: ክልል ትግራይ; Amharic: ትግራይ ክልል, romanized: Tigrāy kilil), officially the Tigray National Regional State (Tigrinya: ብሔራዊ ክልላዊ መንግስቲ ትግራይ, romanized: Bəh̩erawi Kəllelawi Mängəśti Təgray), is the northernmost regional state in Ethiopia. The Tigray Region is the homeland of the Tigrayan people. Formerly known as Region 1, its capital and largest city is Mekelle. Tigray is the fifth-largest by area, the fifth-most populous, and the fifth-most densely populated of the 11 regional states.

Tigray's official language is Tigrinya, similar to that spoken in Eritrea just to the North. The estimated population as of 2019 is 5,443,000.[4] The majority of the population (c. 80%) are farmers, contributing 46% to the regional gross domestic product (2009). The highlands have the highest population density, especially in eastern and central Tigray. The much less densely populated lowlands comprise 48% of Tigray's area. 96% of Tigrayans are Orthodox Christian.[5]

Tigray is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, the Amhara Region to the south and the Afar Region to the east and southeast.[6] Besides Mekelle, major towns include Adigrat, Aksum, Shire, Humera, Adwa, Adi Remets, Alamata, Wukro, Maychew, Sheraro, Abiy Adi, Korem, Qwiha, Atsbi, Hawzen, Mekoni, Dansha, Adi Gudom, Sheraro, Indabaguna, Mai Tsebri, and Zalambessa.

The government of Tigray consists of the executive branch, led by the president; the legislative branch, which comprises the state council; and the judicial branch, which is led by the state supreme court. In early November 2020, a conflict between the Tigray Region, involving the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) and the Ethiopian federal government began, in which Eritrea took part on the side of the federal government,[7] rapidly escalating into the Tigray War and destabilizing the region.[8]

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference 2006_stats was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ SITUATION ANALYSIS OF CHILDREN AND WOMEN: Tigray Region (PDF) (Report). 1 December 2019.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  4. ^ SITUATION ANALYSIS OF CHILDREN AND WOMEN: Tigray Region (PDF) (Report). 1 December 2019.
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference :1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ Eritrea and Ethiopia (Map). 1:5,000,000. Central Intelligence Agency. 2009. Map #803395.
  7. ^ "Eritrean forces killed 100s of civilians in Tigray 'rampage': HRW". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  8. ^ "Tigray crisis: Ethiopia orders military response after army base seized". BBC News. 4 November 2020. Retrieved 25 May 2021.

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Tigray Region

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Ethiopic characters. The Tigray Region (/tɪˈɡraɪ/; Tigrinya: ክልል ትግራይ; Amharic: ትግራይ ክልል, romanized: Tigrāy kilil), officially the Tigray National Regional State...

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The Tigray War is an ongoing civil war that began on 3 November 2020 in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. The local Tigray Defense Forces (TDF) are fighting...

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Tigray Defense Forces

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The Tigray Defense Forces (Tigrinya: ሓይልታት ምክልኻል ትግራይ; TDF: ሓምት), colloquially Tigray Army (ሰራዊት ትግራይ) Is a paramilitary rebel group in Tigray. It was...

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Tigray

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Look up tigray in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Tigray may refer to: Tigray Region, a region of Ethiopia Tigray Province, a province of Ethiopia until...

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Tigrayans

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(Tigrinya: ተጋሩ) are Semitic-speaking ethnic group indigenous to the Tigray Region of northern Ethiopia. They speak the Tigrinya language, an Afroasiatic...

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Timeline of the Tigray War

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Timeline of the Tigray War is part of a chronology of the military engagements of the Tigray War, a civil war that began in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia...

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Famine in the Tigray War

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in the Tigray War is an acute shortage of food leading to death and starvation in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia, which resulted from the Tigray War that...

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War crimes in the Tigray War

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as "literally genocide by decree". The elected and deposed leader of Tigray Region, Debretsion Gebremichael, stated on 27 January 2021 that the Tigrayans...

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Tigrinya language

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Ethiopia's Tigray Region. It is also spoken by the global diaspora of these regions. Indigenous people in the Eritrean highlands and in the Tigray region of northern...

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List of districts in the Tigray Region

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This is a list of the 35 rural woredas, or districts, in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia, as they existed until 2020. The list is compiled from material...

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Spillover of the Tigray War

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The spillover of the Tigray War is the impact of the Tigray War on other countries, particularly in Sudan. This spillover mainly consists of Ethiopian...

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List of zones of Ethiopia

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Shekicho – abolished in 2007 Central Tigray East Tigray North West Tigray South Tigray South East Tigray West Tigray Mekele (special zone) Regions of Ethiopia...

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Debretsion Gebremichael

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President of the Tigray Region and chairman of Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF). His position as titular head of the Tigray Region is disputed by...

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Mekelle

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special zone and capital of the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. Mekelle was formerly the capital of Enderta awraja in Tigray. It is located around 780 kilometres...

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Casualties of the Tigray War

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Casualties of the Tigray War refers to civilian and military deaths and injuries in the Tigray War that started in November 2020, in which rape and other...

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Getachew Reda

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President of the Tigray Region, Debretsion Gebremichael. Getachew is also an executive committee member and the spokesperson for the Tigray People's Liberation...

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Mahbere Dego massacres

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took place in Mahbere Dego (Tigrinya: ማሕበረ ደጎ) in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia during the Tigray War, on 16-18 January 2021. Mahbere Dego is a small town...

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Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion

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the Ark of the Covenant. The church is located in the town of Axum, Tigray Region in northern Ethiopia, near the grounds of Obelisks of Axum. The original...

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Sheraro

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Shiraro, is a town and separate woreda in Tigray, Ethiopia. It is located in the North Western Zone of the Tigray Region, at an elevation of 1246 meters above...

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2021 Ethiopian general election

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government and the Tigray region. In late 2020, the Tigray Region government was replaced by the Transitional Government of Tigray. TPLF was then dissolved...

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Al Nejashi Mosque

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The Al Nejashi Mosque is a mosque in Negash, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. The mosque was established in the 7th century. In 2018, the mosque was renovated...

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Raya Azebo

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Chercher. Raya was forcefully taken from the Amhara region by TPLF and was annexed to the Tigray region in 1991. After the Oromo migration into Ethiopia...

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Tigrayan peace process

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actions that aim to resolve the Tigray War. Around 9 November 2020, Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) and Tigray Region leader Debretsion Gebremichael...

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Hawzen in the Tigray War

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Hawzen in the Tigray War included five mass extrajudicial killings that took place in Hawzen in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia during the Tigray War in November...

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List of hospitals in Ethiopia

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Warder General Hospital, Werder The following hospitals are in the Tigray Region: Abiy Addi District Hospital, Abiy Addi Adigrat General Hospital, Adigrat...

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Axum

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Axum or Aksum (pronounced: /ˈæksuːm/) is a town in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia with a population of 66,900 residents (as of 2015). It is the site of...

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Abiy Ahmed

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National Defense Force (ENDF) Northern Command, exploded into the ongoing Tigray War between the combined forces of the ENDF and the Eritrean army against...

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Regions of Ethiopia

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National Statistics gave an area of 41,410 km2 for Tigray, but the sum of the figures it gave for the Tigray zones was substantially different, rendering the...

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Abraham Belay

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the Minister of Innovation and Technology, and the President of the Tigray Region Prosperity Party. He serves as a board member of the Ethiopian Roads...

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2020 Tigray regional election

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On 9 September 2020, the Ethiopian region of Tigray held an election for its state council. The election was considered illegal by the federal government...

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Mai Kadra massacre

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during the Tigray War. Ethnic cleansing and mass murders were carried out on 9–10 November 2020 in the town of Mai Kadra in the Tigray Region of northwestern...

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Mekelle offensive

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Ethiopia and the Tigray Region to reach the city of Mekelle in the Tigray Region, from 17 November to 28 November 2020. It was part of the Tigray War. Mekelle...

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Isaias Afwerki

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Eritrean troops will withdraw from the Tigray Region. As of 30 June 2021, the Eritrean forces had yet to withdraw from Tigray. In June 2015, a United Nations...

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4 November Northern Command attacks

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Sero in the Tigray Region by armed forces loyal to the Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) on 4 November 2020, triggering the Tigray War. The Ethiopian...

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Debre Damo

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of a flat-topped mountain, or amba, and a 6th-century monastery in Tigray Region of Ethiopia. The mountain is a steeply rising plateau of trapezoidal...

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Humera

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(Tigrinya: ሑመራ; Amharic: ሁመራ) is a town in the Kafta Humera woreda in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. Located in the Western Zone the town has an elevation of...

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Ethiopia

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Amhara genocide

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the November 2020 Tigray War that lasted for about 9 months with alleged atrocities in the region. Reports revealed that the Tigray Samri youth groups...

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Welkait

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is a woreda in Amhara Region in Ethiopia. As a consequence of the Tigray War, Welkait is currently returned into the Amhara Region under the wolkait tegede...

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