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Tigray Province information


Tigray Province
Location of Tigray within the Ethiopian Empire

Tigray Province (Amharic and Tigrinya: ትግራይ), also known as Tigre (Amharic: ትግሬ tigrē), was a historical province of northern Ethiopia that overlayed the present day Afar and Tigray regions. It encompassed most of the territories of Tigrinya-speakers (and a few minority groups) in Ethiopia. Tigray was separated from the northern Tigrinya speaking territories by the Mareb River, now serving as the state border to Eritrea (formerly Eritrea Province),[1] with the Tekezé River separating it from the Amhara dominated south.

The great majority of inhabitants were Orthodox Christians (95.5% in 1994), with the exception of a small, but important Muslim subgroup (Jeberti) and a few Catholics (mainly Irob). Protestantism is only a very recent urban phenomenon. Despite a general impression of ethnic and cultural homogeneity, there were a few ethnic minorities, especially at the borders of Tigray, belonging to a non-Tigrinya groups, such as the Saho-speaking Irob at the north-eastern border to Eritrea, the Raya Oromo in the south-east, the Agaw-speaking H̬amta in Abergele north of Wag, a few Kunama in the Habesha Kunama woreda east of Humera, and scattered peripheral groups in the western lowlands across the tekeze, such as the Chare of the Sellim Bet (related with the Gumuz) and Tukrir in the Humera area.

Tigray went through numerous administrative changes in the course of its history. In 1991 Tigray was radically reshaped. During the reign of Haile Selassie I and also the following Derg period, Tigray did not yet encompass Welqayt (until 1991 having been part of Begemder), while Enderta in eastern Tigray extended over large Afar areas including the salt plains, which were given to Afar kəlləl. Still, in the 1930s the regions south of Enderta, i.e. Wajjarat and Angot, formed the separate governorate called "Southern Tigray".[citation needed] Tigray is the result of a merger of diverse historical northern provinces (with Tigrinya and Agaw speakers), which were often independent from each other.[clarification needed][citation needed]

  1. ^ Smidt, Wolbert (2010). "Təgray". In Uhlig, Siegbert (ed.). Encyclopaedia Aethiopica. Vol. O–X. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag. pp. 888–895.

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Tigray Province

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Tekezé River, and north of Lake Tsana. It was south of Tigray Province, west of Tembien Province, and east of the Sudan. To some extent it covered the...

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Haile Selassie

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was titled "Ajoki Tigray," which he described as nostalgia for Tigray families who were separated and unable to meet due to the Tigray War that has been...

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Kafta Sheraro National Park

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more than 50 years ago by Raesi Mengesha Seyoum, the then ruler of Tigray province as Shire Wildlife. But it was only in 2007 that it get formal recognition...

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Yared

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to build several churches in location of Lake Tana, Begemder and in Tigray Province. One of the church called Saint Mariam was founded together after debilitating...

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Debretsion Gebremichael

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President of the Tigray Region and chairman of Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF). His position as titular head of the Tigray Region is disputed...

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Battle of Adwa

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Italians were then forced to withdraw to more defensible positions in Tigray Province, where the two main armies faced each other. By late February 1896...

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Tiruwork Wube

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and the prince of Semien province who became the virtual ruler of all of northern Ethiopia after his conquest of Tigray province and parts of modern day...

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Ras Mengesha Yohannes

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Ras Mengesha Yohannes (Tigrinya: መንገሻ ዮሓንስ; 1868 – 1906) was governor of Tigray and a son of atse Yohannes IV (r. 1872-89). His mother was Welette Tekle...

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Mikael Sehul

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Tsadkan Gebretensae

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general and member of the central command of the Tigray Defense Forces. In 1976 Tsadkan joined Tigray People's Liberation Front, becoming one of its main...

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Betul Haile Maryam

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Agame

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ultimately surrendered. During 1941-74 Agame existed as an awraja (in the province of Tigray), having five districts (woreda) under it: Gulo Makeda, Ganta Afshum...

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Retrieved 7 January 2018 "Higgins marvels at change in Ethiopia's Tigray province". The Irish Times. 7 January 2018. "Live Aid: Against All Odds: Episode...

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learning with numbers, alphabet and history (Eritrea and north Ethiopia (Tigray-Province)). Ferrovia Eritrea Eritrean Railway (in Italian) Atlas of Eritrea...

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Segeneiti

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39°11′14″E / 15.05278°N 39.18722°E / 15.05278; 39.18722 Country Eritrea Region Debub, Akele Guzai, Tigray Province District Segeneiti Climate BSk...

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Wolde Selassie

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Wolde Selassie (Tigrinya: ዎልደስላሴ; c.1736 - 28 May 1816) was Ras of the Tigray province between 1788-1816, and Regent of the Ethiopian Empire between 1797-1800...

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Live Aid

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Retrieved 15 September 2011 "Higgins marvels at change in Ethiopia's Tigray province". The Irish Times. 7 January 2018. "The nurse who inspired Live Aid"...

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Araya Selassie Yohannes

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was granted the title of Negus of Tigray and Wollo. In 1883, Araya Selassie Yohannes was made Shum of Wollo Province and, in 1886, he was made Shum of...

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Enderta Province

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another raid by the ELF in 1962 forced many Kunama to flee towards Tigray province. In 1977 the Kunama raised a militia to fight alongside the Ethiopians...

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Mengesha Seyoum

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Sculpture

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centuries as proven by archaeology. Stone statue from Addi-Galamo, Tigray Province, 6th–5th century BCE A jar spout from the early Kingdom of Aksum The...

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Taytu Betul

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Maryam that was the governor of the Semien Province and ruler of the provinces; Tsegede, Weilkat, tigray and Eritrea. Taytu's mother, Yewibdar, was from...

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Gugsa Araya Selassie

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Araya Selassie. Gugsa Araya Selassie was a Ras and Shum of eastern Tigray Province. Towards the end of 1928, Negus Tafari called for Ras Gugsa Araya Selassie...

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Dawit II

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troops at Debre Berhan to conquer—or at least ravage—the northern regions of Tigray, Begemder, and Gojjam. Both Ethiopia and Dawit suffered heavily from these...

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Kiros Alemayehu

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Alemayehu (Ge'ez: ኪሮስ ዓለማየሁ)(1948–1994) was an Ethiopian singer. He was born in Tigray region, Saesi Tsaedaemba and was the only child to his parents. Kiros was...

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