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Tallinn information

Capital city
Clockwise from top: Tallinn Old Town; the Town Hall's; skyline of downtown Tallinn; Song Festival Grounds; St. Nicholas Church; the medieval defensive walls; Kumu Art Museum; and Residence of the President in Kadriorg
Flag of Tallinn
Coat of arms of Tallinn
Logo of Tallinn
Tallinn is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Tallinn is located in Baltic Sea
Location within Baltic Sea region
Tallinn is located in Estonia
Location within Estonia
Coordinates: 59°26′14″N 24°44′43″E / 59.43722°N 24.74528°E / 59.43722; 24.74528
CountryTallinn Estonia
First confirmed written record1219
First possible appearance on map1154
City rights1248
 • MayorMihhail Kõlvart
 • Total159.2 km2 (61.5 sq mi)
9 m (30 ft)
 • Total453,864
 • Rank1st in Estonia
 • Density2,900/km2 (7,400/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Tallinner (English)
tallinlane (Estonian)
Resident registration (January 2023)
 • Total458,398
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ISO 3166 codeEE-784
Gross regional product[3]2021
 - Total€16.166 billion
 - Per capita€37,034
City budget€1.140 billion[4]

Tallinn (/ˈtælɪn, ˈtɑːlɪn/)[a][5][6] is the capital and most populous city of Estonia. Situated on a bay in north Estonia, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland of the Baltic Sea, Tallinn has a population of about 454,000 (as of 2023)[1] and administratively lies in the Harju maakond (county). Tallinn is the main financial, industrial, and cultural centre of Estonia. It is located 187 km (116 mi) northwest of the country's second largest city Tartu, however only 80 km (50 mi) south of Helsinki, Finland, also 320 km (200 mi) west of Saint Petersburg, Russia, 300 km (190 mi) north of Riga, Latvia, and 380 km (240 mi) east of Stockholm, Sweden. From the 13th century until the first half of the 20th century, Tallinn was known in most of the world by variants of its other historical name Reval.[7]

Tallinn received Lübeck city rights in 1248,[8] however the earliest evidence of human population in the area dates back nearly 5,000 years.[9] The medieval indigenous population of what is now Tallinn and northern Estonia was one of the last "pagan" civilisations in Europe to adopt Christianity following the Papal-sanctioned Livonian Crusade in the 13th century.[10][7] The first recorded claim over the place was laid by Denmark after a successful raid in 1219 led by King Valdemar II, followed by a period of alternating Scandinavian and Teutonic rulers. Due to the strategic location by the sea, its medieval port became a significant trade hub, especially in the 14–16th centuries, when Tallinn grew in importance as the northernmost member city of the Hanseatic League.[7] Tallinn Old Town is one of the best-preserved medieval cities in Europe and is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[11]

Tallinn has the highest number of startup companies per person among all capitals and larger cities in Europe[12] and is the birthplace of many international high-technology companies, including Skype, Wise and Bolt.[13][7] The city is home to the headquarters of the European Union's IT agency,[14] and to the NATO Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence. In 2007, Tallinn was listed among the top-10 digital cities in the world,[15] and in 2022, Tallinn was listed among the top-10 "medium-sized European cities of the future".[16]

  1. ^ a b "Population by sex, age and place of residence after the 2017 administrative reform, 1 January". Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Tallinna elanike arv". Archived from the original on 9 May 2019. Retrieved 12 February 2023.
  3. ^ "Gross domestic product by county (ESA 2010)". Px-Web. Statistics Estonia.
  4. ^ "Tallinn City Government 2023 budget totals €1.14 billion".
  5. ^ "Tal•linn". Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  6. ^ "Definition of Tallinn". Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d Spray, Aaron (30 January 2023). "Why Estonia's Historic Capital City Of Tallinn Is Worth Visiting". Retrieved 5 March 2023.
  8. ^ ,"Tallinn on noorem, kui õpikus kirjas!". Delfi. 28 October 2003. Retrieved 6 July 2017.
  9. ^ "Villu Kadakas: pringlikütid Vabaduse väljakul". 25 April 2009.
  10. ^ "Country Profile – LegaCarta". Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  11. ^ "Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. 7 December 1997. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  12. ^ Rooney, Ben (14 June 2012). "The Many Reasons Estonia Is a Tech Start-Up Nation". The Wall Street Journal.
  13. ^ Germany, SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg (14 March 2015). "Start-ups in Tallinn: Estland, das Silicon Valley Europas? – SPIEGEL ONLINE – Netzwelt". Der Spiegel.
  14. ^ Ingrid Teesalu (9 June 2011). "It's Official: Tallinn To Become EU's IT Headquarters". ERR. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  15. ^ "Tech capitals of the world". The Age. 15 May 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
  16. ^ Hankewitz, Sten (17 March 2022). "Tallinn in the top ten of the "Europe's cities of the future" ranking". Estonian World. Retrieved 7 October 2022.

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