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South Kivu information

South Kivu Province
Province du Sud-Kivu (French)
Official seal of South Kivu Province
CountryDemocratic Republic of the Congo
Named forLake Kivu
and largest city
 • TypeProvincial assembly
 • BodyProvincial Assembly of South Kivu
 • GovernorThéo Ngwabidje Kasi[1]
 • Vice-governorFiston Malago[1]
 • Total65,070 km2 (25,120 sq mi)
 • Rank17th
 • Total7,066,400
 • Rank3rd
 • Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
License Plate CodeDemocratic Republic of the Congo CGO / 22
Official languageFrench
National languageSwahili
HDI (2015)0.391[2]
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South Kivu (Swahili: Jimbo la Kivu Kusini; French: Sud-Kivu) is one of 26 provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).[3] Its capital is Bukavu.

Situated within the Great Rift Valley, South Kivu is bordered by Lake Kivu, Burundi, and Tanzania to the east; Maniema Province to the west; North Kivu Province to the north; and Tanganyika Province to the south. Covering an extensive area of approximately 65,070 square kilometers (25,120 square miles), it is administratively divided into eight territories and boasts a population of roughly 7,066,400 in 2020.[4][5][6][7][8]

The province's topography is an amalgamation of geographical features comprising mountains, forests, waterfalls, and plains.[5] The area boasts an array of wildlife species, including mountain gorillas, chimpanzees, African Forest Elephants, lions, giraffes, and vervet monkeys. It also hosts African buffalos, baboons, clawed frogs, dwarf crocodiles, savannah monitors, gray duikers, common agamas, and endangered eastern lowland gorillas. The province's national parks and nature reserves, such as Kahuzi-Biéga National Park and Itombwe Nature Reserve, are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.[9][10][11][12]

South Kivu is a melting pot of various ethnic groups, including the Shi, Fuliiru, Bembe, Vira, Lega, Nyindu, Holoholo, Bwari, Hunde, Nyanga, Amba, Swaga, Shu, and Mbuti. The region is also home to a small fraction of Hutu and Tutsi agro-pastoralists who were transplanted by Belgian colonial authorities in the mid-20th century.[13][14][15][16]

Since First Congo War, the region has been plagued by armed conflicts and civil unrest. During the First and Second Congo Wars, it became a battleground for the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire (AFDL), the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA), and the Congolese Rally for Democracy (RCD).[17][18] The presence of multiple armed groups in the area has led to insecurity, instability, and humanitarian crises. The conflict has resulted in the displacement of civilians, human rights abuses, and atrocities against the local population. Additionally, the region's rich natural resources, such as minerals and timber, have been a driving factor for some of the conflicts.[19][20]

  1. ^ a b Uzima, Thomas (9 May 2019). "Sud-Kivu: le Gouverneur Théo Ngwabidje, désormais dans son cabinet de Nyamoma". La Prunelle Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ "Democratic Republic of the Congo". The World Factbook. Langley, Virginia: Central Intelligence Agency. 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Congo (Dem. Rep.): Provinces, Major Cities & Towns - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". Retrieved 2024-02-11.
  5. ^ a b Dooley, Elizabeth; Kasimbazi, Emmanuel; Ginzky, Harald; Heuser, Irene L.; Ruppel, Oliver; Kibugi, Robert; Qin, Tianbao; Markus, Till, eds. (March 24, 2021). International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy 2019. New York City, New York State, United States: Springer International Publishing. pp. 130–133. ISBN 9783030523176.
  6. ^ "Sud-Kivu" (PDF) (in French). Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo: MUNUSCO. January 2015. p. 1. Retrieved 2024-01-10.
  7. ^ Vlassenroot, Koen (2002). "Citizenship, Identity Formation & Conflict in South Kivu: The Case of the Banyamulenge". Review of African Political Economy. 29 (93/94): 499–515. doi:10.1080/03056240208704635. ISSN 0305-6244. JSTOR 4006793. S2CID 145661133.
  8. ^ "Conflits fonciers et dynamiques de cohabitation en territoire de Kalehe Sud-Kivu, Est de la RDC - Irénées" [Land conflicts and dynamics of cohabitation in the territory of Kalehe South Kivu , Eastern DRC]. (in French). 2012. Retrieved 2024-01-10.
  9. ^ "Rwenzori Mountains National Park". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2023-08-05.
  10. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Kahuzi-Biega National Park". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2023-07-28.
  11. ^ "Kahuzi-Biega National Park Congo - Attractions, Gorillas and other Animals". Silverback Gorilla Tours. 2022-01-07. Retrieved 2023-07-28.
  12. ^ "The Conservation of Itombwe Nature Reserve". Berggorilla & Regenwald Direkthilfe e.V. Retrieved 2023-07-28.
  13. ^ Hiernaux, Jean (1966). "Human Biological Diversity in Central Africa". Man. 1 (3): 287–306. doi:10.2307/2796793. ISSN 0025-1496. JSTOR 2796793.
  14. ^ Hautmann, Frédéric (1939). "Étude ethnographique de l'Itombwe (district du Kivu, Congo Belge)". Geographica Helvetica (in French). 4 (3): 175–177. doi:10.5194/gh-4-175-1949. S2CID 180994095.
  15. ^ Rurihose, Oswald Ndeshyo (June 1992). La nationalité de la population zaïroise d'expression kinyarwanda au regard de la loi du 26 June 1991 (in French). Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo: Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur l'Integration Africaine (CERIA). p. 10.
  16. ^ Moeller, Alfred (1936). "Les grandes lignes des migrations des Bantus de la province orientale du Congo belge" (PDF). Congoforum (in French). Retrieved 2023-07-28.
  17. ^ "Attacks against other civilian populations - South Kivu". Retrieved 2023-07-28.
  18. ^ "Second Congo War – Attacks on other civilian populations – South Kivu". Retrieved 2023-07-28.
  19. ^ MacLean, Ruth; Dahir, Abdi Latif (2022-07-01). "Why Is There So Much Turmoil in Eastern Congo? (Published 2022)". The New York Times. Retrieved 2023-07-28.
  20. ^ "DR Congo: Killings, Rapes by Rwanda-Backed M23 Rebels". Human Rights Watch. 2023-06-13. Retrieved 2023-07-28.

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