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Quds Force information

Quds Force
Founded1988; 35 years ago (1988) as an independent force
CountryQuds Force Iran
TypeSpecial operations force
RoleExtraterritorial operations, Unconventional warfare, Military Intelligence
Part ofIslamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
EngagementsIran–Iraq War
Soviet–Afghan War
1982 Lebanon War
Bosnian War
South Lebanon conflict (1985–2000)
Battle for Herat
Balochistan conflict
Iran–PJAK conflict
Syrian Civil War
2014 Northern Iraq offensive
Military intervention against ISIL
  • Siege of Amirli
  • Liberation of Jurf Al Sakhar
  • Battle of Baiji
  • Liberation of Tikrit
Brig. Gen. Esmail Qaani
Deputy CommanderBrig. Gen. Mohammad Reza Fallahzadeh[1]
FlagFlag of Quds Force.svg
Alternative FlagFlag of the Quds Force.svg

The Quds Force (Persian: نیروی قدس, romanized: niru-ye qods, lit. 'Jerusalem Force') is one of five branches of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC)[2] specializing in unconventional warfare and military intelligence operations. U.S. Army's Iraq War General Stanley McChrystal describes the Quds Force as an organization analogous to a combination of the CIA and the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) in the United States.[3] Responsible for extraterritorial operations,[4] the Quds Force supports non-state actors in many countries, including Hezbollah, Hamas, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, Yemeni Houthis, and Shia militias in Iraq, Syria, and Afghanistan.[4]

The Quds Force reports directly to the Supreme Leader of Iran, Ayatollah Khamenei.[5][6] After Qassem Soleimani was killed, his deputy, Esmail Ghaani, replaced him.[7] The U.S. Secretary of State designated the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and Quds Force as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) in 2019 based on the IRGC's "continued support to and engagement in terrorist activity around the world." This was the first time that the U.S. ever designated another government's department as a FTO.[8]

  1. ^ "Who Is Mohammad Reza Fallahzadeh, the New Deputy Commander of Iran's Qods Force?". The Washington Institute.
  2. ^ Kamrava, Mehran, ed. (2020), "The Armed Forces in Post-revolutionary Iran", Routledge Handbook of Persian Gulf Politics, Routledge, ISBN 9780429514081
  3. ^ McChrystal, Stanley. "Iran's Deadly Puppet Master". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  4. ^ a b Operational Environment Assessment (OEA) Team (April 2010). "Operational Environment Assessment: Iran". Ft. Leavenworth, KS: TRADOC Intelligence Support Activity (TRISA)-Threats, US Army.Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army.
  5. ^ Dionisi, 7
  6. ^ "Iran demands nationals' release". BBC News. 14 January 2007. Archived from the original on 19 January 2007. Retrieved 14 February 2007.
  7. ^ "Iran's Revolutionary Guard Corps wrestles with new reality after killing of its chief military strategist". Washington post. 22 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Country Reports on Terrorism 2019" (PDF). Country Reports.

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