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Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps information


Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی
Seal of IRGC
Official flag (left) and Ceremonial flag (right)
Mottoوَأَعِدُّوا لَهُمْ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ مِنْ قُوَّةٍ [Quran 8:60]
"Prepare against them what you ˹believers˺ can of ˹military˺ power." (heraldic slogan)
Founded5 May 1979 (1979-05-05) (established)[1][2]
Service branches
  1. Ground Forces
  2. Aerospace Force
  3. Navy
  4. Quds Force
  5. Basij
HeadquartersTehran, Iran
Websitesepahnews.com
Leadership
Commander-in-ChiefMaj. Gen. Hossein Salami
Deputy Commander-in-ChiefCdre Ali Fadavi
Personnel
Conscription≈50,000 (2019), recruited mostly from active members of Basij[3]
Active personnel≈125,000 (2024)[4][5]
Expenditure
Budget$6.96 billion (2020)[6]
Related articles
History
  • 1979 Kurdish rebellion
  • Iran–Iraq War
  • Lebanese Civil War
  • US invasion of Afghanistan
    • 2001 uprising in Herat
  • Balochistan conflict
  • 2006 Lebanon War
  • Iran–PJAK conflict
  • Iranian intervention in the Syrian civil war
  • Iranian intervention in Iraq (2014–present)
  • Iranian intervention in the Russian invasion of Ukraine
  • Attacks on U.S. bases in Iraq, Jordan, and Syria during the Israel–Hamas war
  • 2024 Iranian strikes against Israel
RanksRank insignia of the Iranian military
Designated as a terrorist group by
  • Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Bahrain[7]
  • Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Saudi Arabia[8]
  • Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Sweden[9]
  • Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps United States[10]
  • Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Canada (IRGC-QF only)[11]
  • Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Israel (IRGC-QF only)[12]

The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC; Persian: سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی Sepāh-e Pāsdārān-e Enqelâb-e Eslâmī, lit.'Army of Guardians of the Islamic Revolution'), also called Islamic Revolutionary Guardians Force, Sepah or Pasdaran, is a multi-service primary branch of the Iranian Armed Forces. It was officially established by Ruhollah Khomeini as a military branch in May 1979, in the aftermath of the Iranian Revolution.[1][13] Whereas the Iranian Army protects the country's sovereignty in a traditional capacity, the IRGC's constitutional mandate is to ensure the integrity of the Islamic Republic.[14] Most interpretations of this mandate assert that it entrusts the IRGC with preventing foreign interference in Iran, thwarting coups by the traditional military, and crushing "deviant movements" that harm the ideological legacy of the Islamic Revolution.[15] Currently, the IRGC is designated as a terrorist organization by Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Sweden and the United States.[16][17]

As of 2024, the IRGC had approximately 125,000 total personnel. The IRGC Navy is now Iran's primary force exercising operational control over the Persian Gulf.[18] The IRGC's Basij, a paramilitary volunteer militia, has about 90,000 active personnel.[19][20] It operates a media arm, known as "Sepah News" within Iran.[21] On 16 March 2022, it adopted a new independent branch called the "Command for the Protection and Security of Nuclear Centres" involved with Iran's nuclear programme.[22]

Originating as an ideological militia, the IRGC has taken a greater role in nearly every aspect of Iranian politics and society. In 2019, Reuters described the organization as "an industrial empire with political clout".[23] IRGC's expanded social, political, military, and economic role under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad—especially during the 2009 presidential election and the suppression of post-election protests—has led many Western analysts to argue that it has surpassed even the country's ruling clerical class in terms of political power.[24][25][26][27]

Since 2019, Hossein Salami has served as the IRGC's incumbent commander-in-chief.[28][23]

  1. ^ a b Abedin, Mahan (2011). "Iran's Revolutionary Guards: Ideological But Not Praetorian". Strategic Analysis. 35 (3): 381–385. doi:10.1080/09700161.2011.559965. S2CID 153976967.
  2. ^ "Timeline of Military and Security Events | The Iran Primer". iranprimer.usip.org. 10 August 2021.
  3. ^ Golkar, Saeid (February 2019), The Supreme Leader and the Guard: Civil-Military Relations and Regime Survival in Iran (PDF) (Policy Watch), The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, p. 3, archived from the original (PDF) on 29 November 2020, retrieved 23 August 2020
  4. ^ https://www.reuters.com/world/middle-east/irans-revolutionary-guards-powerful-group-with-wide-regional-reach-2024-04-01/
  5. ^ The International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS) (2020). "Middle East and North Africa". The Military Balance 2020. Vol. 120. Routledge. pp. 348–352. doi:10.1080/04597222.2020.1707968. ISBN 9780367466398. S2CID 219624897.
  6. ^ Rome, Henry (17 June 2020), "Iran's Defense Spending", The Iran Primer, The United States Institute for Peace, archived from the original on 22 June 2021, retrieved 23 August 2020
  7. ^ "Bahrain Terrorist List (individuals – entities)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Bahrain. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  8. ^ "Saudi, Bahrain add Iran's Revolutionary Guards to terrorism lists". Reuters. 23 October 2018. Archived from the original on 8 April 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Swedish Parliament Votes To Designate Iran's IRGC As Terrorist". Iran International. 7 June 2023. Archived from the original on 15 May 2023. Retrieved 15 May 2023.
  10. ^ "Treasury Designates the IRGC under Terrorism Authority and Targets IRGC and Military Supporters under Counter-Proliferation Authority". treasury.gov. Archived from the original on 15 June 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  11. ^ "Currently listed entities". Public Safety Canada. Government of Canada. 21 December 2018. Archived from the original on 1 March 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  12. ^ "List of Terrorist Organizations and Individuals". DNFBP's Duties.
  13. ^ IISS Military Balance 2006, Routledge for the IISS, London, 2006, p. 187
  14. ^ "Profile: Iran's Revolutionary Guards" Archived 27 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. BBC News. 18 October 2009.
  15. ^ Morris M Mottale. "The birth of a new class – Focus". Al Jazeera English. Archived from the original on 7 June 2015. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
  16. ^ Nicole Gaouette (8 April 2019). "Trump designates elite Iranian military force as a terrorist organization". CNN. Archived from the original on 14 May 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Saudi, Bahrain add Iran's IRGC to terror lists – SPA". euronews. 23 October 2018. Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  18. ^ "The Consequences of a Strike on Iran: The Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps Navy" GlobalBearings.net, 15 December 2011.
  19. ^ Abrahamian, Ervand, History of Modern Iran, Columbia University Press, 2008 pp. 175–76
  20. ^ Aryan, Hossein (5 February 2009). "Iran's Basij Force – The Mainstay of Domestic Security. 15 January 2009". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. RFERL. Archived from the original on 10 January 2012. Retrieved 25 December 2011.
  21. ^ "Picture imperfect" Archived 12 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine 9 March 2013 The Economist
  22. ^ "برای حفاظت از تاسیسات هسته‌ای ایران، 'فرماندهی سپاه هسته‌ای' تشکیل شده است" [In order to protect Iran's nuclear facilities, the "Nuclear Corps Command" has been established]. 15 March 2022. Archived from the original on 16 March 2022. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  23. ^ a b Hafezi, Parisa (21 April 2019). "Khamenei names new chief for Iran's Revolutionary Guards". Reuters. Archived from the original on 30 July 2019. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  24. ^ Cite error: The named reference NYT20090721 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  25. ^ "Arrests at new Iranian protests". BBC News. 21 July 2009. Archived from the original on 22 July 2009. Retrieved 21 July 2009.
  26. ^ "Crisis as Opportunity for the IRGC". Stratfor. 27 July 2009. Archived from the original on 5 August 2009. Retrieved 1 August 2009.
  27. ^ Abdo, Geneive (7 October 2009). "The Rise of the Iranian Dictatorship". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 11 October 2009. Retrieved 13 October 2009.
  28. ^ Gladstone, Rick (21 April 2019). "Iran's Supreme Leader Replaces Head of Revolutionary Guards". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 22 April 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2019.

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Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

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The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC; Persian: سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی Sepāh-e Pāsdārān-e Enqelâb-e Eslâmī, lit. 'Army of Guardians of the...

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Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Navy

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The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Navy (IRGCN; Persian: نیروی دریایی سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی, romanized: niru-ye daryâyi-e sepâh-e pâsdârân-e...

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Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Aerospace Force

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The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Aerospace Force, officially known as the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Air and Space Force (IRGCASF; Persian:...

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Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Ground Forces

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The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Ground Forces (Persian: نیروی زمینی سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی), acronymed NEZSA (Persian: نزسا), are the ground...

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Intelligence Organization of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

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the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (Persian: سازمان اطلاعات سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی) is an Iranian intelligence agency within the Islamic Revolutionary...

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Quds Force

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lit. 'Jerusalem Force') is one of five branches of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) specializing in unconventional warfare and military...

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List of commanders of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

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identified as senior officers (currently or in the past) of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), which is a branch of the Iranian Armed Forces. Javad...

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Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Joint Staff

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Joint Staff of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (Persian: ستاد مشترک سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی), formerly called General Staff (ستاد کل), was the...

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List of equipment of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Navy

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the Navy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. Iran portal List of former Iranian naval vessels List of current ships of the Islamic Republic of Iran...

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Rank Insignia of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

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This is a list of rank insignia used by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) in Iran. Officers Enlisted Portal: Iran Military insignia Military...

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Intelligence Protection Organization of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

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the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (Persian: سازمان حفاظت اطلاعات سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی) is an Iranian intelligence agency within the Islamic Revolutionary...

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Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Cyber Command

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The Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps Cyber Security Command is a command of the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps responsible for cyber warfare...

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General Provost of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

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General Provost of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (Persian: دژبان کل سپاه پاسداران انقلاب اسلامی) is the provost and military police with an authority...

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List of aircraft of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Aerospace Force

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This is a list of aircraft of the Aerospace Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. Iran portal Aviation portal List of aircraft of the Iranian...

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Controversies surrounding the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

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Since the establishment of Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (also known as Sepah or Pasdaran in Iran) the organization has been involved in economic...

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Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Branch Insignia

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insignia of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) refers to military emblems that may be worn on the uniform of the Iranian Guard Corps to denote membership...

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List of current ships of the Islamic Republic of Iran Navy

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vessels of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Navy. Iran portal List of equipment of the Navy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps List of former...

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Special forces of Iran

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havabord (هوابرد) is used to refer to an airborne unit. In the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, one of its 5 branches, the elite Quds Force specialises in...

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comprising the Islamic Republic of Iran Army (Artesh), the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (Sepah) and the Law Enforcement Force (Faraja). Iranian Armed...

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Economy of Iran

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taken over by "skilled businesspeople" but by the powerful Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps "and its associates". In 2020, an Iranian businessperson complained...

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Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf

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of Khatam al-Anbia, an engineering firm controlled by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and was appointed as commander of the IRGC Air Force in 1996...

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Law Enforcement Command of the Islamic Republic of Iran

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the Islamic Republic of Iran, previously known as the Law Enforcement Force of the Islamic Republic of Iran or Disciplinary Force of the Islamic Republic...

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Yahya Rahim Safavi

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military commander who served as the chief commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. Safavi was born in 1952 in the city of Isfahan, Iran. Safavi...

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Mohsen Rezaee

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affiliated with the Resistance Front of Islamic Iran and senior military officer in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, who is currently a member of the...

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Coalition Council of Islamic Revolution Forces

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list, and other candidates include former members of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and Basij, as well as other figures loyal to Ali Khamenei...

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Revolutionary Guard may refer to: Revolutionary Guard Corps of Libya Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps of Iran Republican guard This disambiguation page...

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born 8 August 1957) is an Iranian brigadier general in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and commander of its Quds Force — a division primarily...

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