Overview and topical guide of Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia
Emperor Haile Salassie enters Addis Ababa in 1946
The history of Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia, formally begins with the founding of the city in the 19th century by Ethiopian Emperor Menelik II and his wife Empress Taytu Betul. In the Middle Ages, Addis Ababa depicted as a fortified city named "Barara", and served as residence of Emperor of Ethiopian Empire until Dawit II. It was totally plundered by Adalite general Ahmed Gran in 1529, at the onset of Ethiopian–Adal War.
Prior to the establishment of present-day Addis Ababa the location was called Finfinne in the Oromo language, which attests the presence of hot springs. The area was inhabited by various Oromo clans.
^Endalew Djirata Fayisa. "Foundation of Addis Ababa and the Emergence of Safars".
^Foundation of Addis Ababa and the Emergence of Safars, retrieved August 20, 2020
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