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Tierra del Fuego information


Tierra del Fuego archipelago
Tierra del Fuego archipelago
at the tip of South America
Tierra del Fuego archipelago is located in Southern Patagonia
Tierra del Fuego archipelago
Tierra del Fuego archipelago
Political map of Tierra del Fuego
and mainland South America
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean
Major islandsTierra del Fuego, Hoste, Navarino, Gordon, Wollastone, Noir, Staten, Hermite, Santa Inés, Clarence, Dawson, Capitán Aracena, Londonderry, Picton, Lennox, Nueva, Diego Ramírez, O'Brien, and Desolación Islands among many others
Highest pointMonte Shipton [es]
Administration
Tierra del Fuego Chile
RegionTierra del Fuego Magallanes y Antártica Chilena
ProvincesTierra del Fuego Province and Antártica Chilena
CommunesCabo de Hornos, Antártica, Porvenir, Primavera, Timaukel
Tierra del Fuego Argentina
ProvinceTierra del Fuego Province, Argentina Tierra del Fuego Province
Demographics
Population>135,000 (2010)
Ethnic groupsArgentines, Chileans, Selk'nams, Kawésqar, Yaghans

Tierra del Fuego (/tiˈɛərə dɛl ˈfwɡ/, Spanish: [ˈtjera ðel ˈfweɣo]; Spanish for "Land of Fire", rarely also Fireland in English) is an archipelago off the southernmost tip of the South American mainland, across the Strait of Magellan.

The archipelago consists of the main island, Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, with an area of 48,100 km2 (18,572 sq mi), and a group of many islands, including Cape Horn and Diego Ramírez Islands. Tierra del Fuego is divided between Argentina, which controls the eastern part of the main island and a few small islands in the Beagle Channel, and Chile, which controls the remaining land area. The southernmost extent of the archipelago is just north of latitude 56°S.

The earliest known human settlement in Tierra del Fuego dates to approximately 8,000 BC.[1] Europeans first explored the islands during Ferdinand Magellan's expedition of 1520. Tierra del Fuego and similar namings stem from sightings of the many bonfires that the natives built.

Settlement by those of European descent and the displacement of the native populations did not begin until the second half of the nineteenth century, at the height of the Patagonian sheep farming boom and of the local gold rush.[2] Today, petroleum extraction dominates economic activity in the north of Tierra del Fuego, while tourism, manufacturing, and Antarctic logistics are important in the south.

  1. ^ Morello, Flavia; Borrero, Luis; Massone, Mauricio; Stern, Charles; García-Herbst, Arleen; McCulloch, Robert; Arroyo-Kalin, Manuel; Calás, Elisa; Torres, Jimena; Prieto, Alfredo; Martinez, Ismael; Bahamonde, Gabriel; Cárdenas, Pedro (1 March 2012). "Hunter-gatherers, biogeographic barriers and the development of human settlement in Tierra del Fuego". Antiquity. 86 (331): 71–87. doi:10.1017/S0003598X00062463. hdl:1893/3664. S2CID 161882222.
  2. ^ Iparraguirre, Sylvia. Tierra del fuego: a biography of the end of the world. p. 146. Archived from the original on 23 September 2023. Retrieved 1 March 2016.

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Tierra del Fuego

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Tierra del Fuego (/tiˈɛərə dɛl ˈfweɪɡoʊ/, Spanish: [ˈtjera ðel ˈfweɣo]; Spanish for "Land of Fire", rarely also Fireland in English) is an archipelago...

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Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego

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Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego (English: Big Island of the Land of Fire) also formerly Isla de Xátiva is an island near the southern tip of South America...

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Ushuaia

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(/uːˈswaɪ.ə/ oo-SWY-ə, Spanish: [uˈswaja]) is the capital of Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur Province, Argentina. With a population of...

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Tierra del Fuego National Park

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Tierra del Fuego National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego) is a national park on the Argentine part of the island of Tierra del Fuego...

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Fuegians

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Fuegians are the indigenous inhabitants of Tierra del Fuego, at the southern tip of South America. The indigenous Fuegians belonged to several different...

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Tierra del Fuego gold rush

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Sloggett Bay Lennox Island Wollaston Islands Between 1883 and 1906 Tierra del Fuego experienced a gold rush attracting many Chileans, Argentines and Europeans...

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Beaver eradication in Tierra del Fuego

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Argentina are attempting to eradicate the North American beaver in the Tierra del Fuego area at the southernmost tip of South America. This non-native species...

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Tierra del Fuego Province

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Tierra del Fuego Province may refer to: Tierra del Fuego Province, Chile Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands Province, Argentina...

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Patagonia

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considered the northern limit of Argentine Patagonia. The archipelago of Tierra del Fuego is sometimes included as part of Patagonia. Most geographers and historians...

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Governor of Tierra del Fuego

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The Governor of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands (Spanish: Gobernador de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur)...

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Mount Hudson

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on human populations of Patagonia and (for the 7,750 BP eruption) Tierra del Fuego: The 7,750 BP eruption devastated its ecosystem and may have caused...

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Magallanes Region

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Magallanes, Tierra del Fuego, and Antártica Chilena. Magallanes's geographical features include Torres del Paine, Cape Horn, Tierra del Fuego island, and...

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Beavers in Southern Patagonia

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species in the southern tip of Patagonia, an area called Tierra del Fuego. Tierra del Fuego is a large island and encompasses land belonging to both Chile...

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Beagle Channel

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Beagle Channel (Spanish: Canal del Beagle; Yahgan: Onašaga) is a strait in the Tierra del Fuego Archipelago, on the extreme southern tip of South America...

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Haush

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indigenous people who lived on the Mitre Peninsula of the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego. They were related culturally and linguistically to the Selk'nam (also...

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Yahgan people

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traditional territory includes the islands south of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, extending their presence into Cape Horn, making them the world's southernmost...

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Sara Braun

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she established the Sociedad Explotadora de Tierra del Fuego (Society for the Exploitation of Tierra del Fuego) in August 1893 to engage in sheep farming...

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Gustavo Melella

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December 1970) is an Argentine politician who has been the governor of Tierra del Fuego Province since December 2019. He was previously mayor of Río Grande...

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Isla de los Estados

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island that lies 29 kilometres (18 mi) off the eastern extremity of Tierra del Fuego, from which it is separated by the Le Maire Strait. It was named after...

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Strait of Magellan

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southern Chile separating mainland South America to the north and Tierra del Fuego to the south. The strait is considered the most important natural passage...

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1949 Tierra del Fuego earthquakes

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The 1949 Tierra del Fuego earthquakes occurred slightly more than eight hours apart on 17 December. Their epicenters were located in the east of the Chilean...

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