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Tartu information

From top: View of Tartu, Tartu old town, Estonian National Museum, University of Tartu, Town Hall Square
Capital of Southern Estonia[1][2]
Heade mõtete linn
("City of good thoughts")
Tartu is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Tartu is located in Baltic Sea
Location within Baltic Sea region
Tartu is located in Estonia
Location within Estonia
Coordinates: 58°23′N 26°43′E / 58.383°N 26.717°E / 58.383; 26.717
CountyTartu County
First settled5th century AD
First mentionedc. 1030
City rightsbefore 1262
 • Total38.80 km2 (15 sq mi)
 • Land37.9 km2 (14.6 sq mi)
 • Water1.3 km2 (0.5 sq mi)  3.39%
57.2 m (188 ft)
Highest elevation
79 m (259 ft)
 • Total97,435
 • Rank2nd
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)
 • City€3.042 billion (2022)
 • Per capita€30,569 (2022)
 • Estonians80.3%
 • Russians13.4%
 • other5.3%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Postal code
50050 to 51111
Vehicle registrationT
WebsiteCity of Tartu

Tartu[a] is the second largest city in Estonia after Tallinn. Tartu has a population of 97,435 (as of 2023).[3] It is 186 kilometres (116 miles) southeast of Tallinn and 245 kilometres (152 miles) northeast of Riga, Latvia. Tartu lies on the Emajõgi river, which connects the two largest lakes in Estonia, Lake Võrtsjärv and Lake Peipus. From the 13th century until the end of the 19th century, Tartu was known in most of the world by variants of its historical name Dorpat.

Aerial view of Toomemägi, Tartu cathedral and Tartu downtown

Tartu, the largest urban centre of southern Estonia, is often considered the "intellectual capital city" of the country,[1][2][5][6][7] especially as it is home to the nation's oldest and most renowned university, the University of Tartu (founded in 1632).[8][9] Tartu also houses the Supreme Court of Estonia, the Ministry of Education and Research, the Estonian National Museum, and the oldest Estonian-language theatre, Vanemuine. It is also the birthplace of the Estonian Song Festivals.

Tartu is the European Capital of Culture in 2024.[2][10][11][12]

  1. ^ a b "Tartu city". Visit South Estonia. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b c "Tartu – European Capital of Culture 2024". Estonian Convention Bureau (ECB). Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  3. ^ a b Population of Tartu city as a settlement unit, excluding population of other settlement units of the municipality of Tartu city. Population by sex, age and place of residence after the 2017 administrative reform, 1 January. Statistics Estonia.
  5. ^ Tartu – the intellectual centre of Estonia
  6. ^ Jonathan Bousfield The Rough Guide to Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania. Rough Guides UK. Page 126
  7. ^ Sergey Chernov. Tartu: Estonia's Intellectual and Theater Capital The Moscow Times, Dec. 24 2012
  8. ^ Why Tartu?|Visit Tartu
  9. ^ M. Mets & R. Raudsepp: Baltic Piling. CRC Press, 2013. ISBN 9780415643344.
  10. ^ European Capital of Culture 2024 — Ministry of Culture
  11. ^ Tartu – European Capital of Culture 2024 – Visit Estonia
  12. ^ Tartu – European Capital of Culture 2024 –

Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).

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