Capital of Southern Estonia
Heade mõtete linn
("City of good thoughts")
Location within Europe
Location within Baltic Sea region
Location within Estonia
|First settled||5th century AD|
|First mentioned||ca. 1030|
|City rights||before 1262|
|• Total||38.80 km2 (15 sq mi)|
|• Land||37.9 km2 (14.6 sq mi)|
|• Water||1.3 km2 (0.5 sq mi) 3.39%|
|Elevation||57.2 m (188 ft)|
|Highest elevation||79 m (259 ft)|
|• Density||2,400/km2 (6,100/sq mi)|
|Resident registration (2017)|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
50050 to 51111
|Website||City of Tartu|
Tartu (Estonian pronunciation: [ˈtɑrtˑu]) is the second-largest city in Estonia after the political and financial capital, Tallinn. In 2021, population of the city was 91,407 inhabitants. It is 186 kilometres (116 miles) southeast of Tallinn and 245 kilometres (152 miles) northeast of Riga, Latvia. Tartu lies on the Emajõgi river, which connects the two largest lakes in Estonia, Lake Võrtsjärv and Lake Peipus. The city is served by Tartu Airport.
Tartu, the largest urban centre of southern Estonia, is often considered the "intellectual capital city" of the country, especially as it is home to the nation's oldest and most renowned university, the University of Tartu (founded in 1632).  Tartu also houses the Supreme Court of Estonia, the Ministry of Education and Research, the Estonian National Museum, and the oldest Estonian-language theatre, Vanemuine. It is also the birthplace of the Estonian Song Festivals.
Tartu will be the European Capital of Culture in 2024.
- "Tartu city". Visit South Estonia. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
- "Tartu – European Capital of Culture 2024". Estonian Convention Bureau (ECB). Retrieved 24 February 2022.
- Population of Tartu city as a settlement unit, excluding population of other settlement units of the municipality of Tartu city. Population by sex, age and place of residence after the 2017 administrative reform, 1 January. Statistics Estonia.
- Total registered population of the municipality of Tartu City, excluding settlements of former Tähtvere Parish. "Statistiline ülevaade 2017" (PDF). Retrieved 11 December 2018.
- Tartu – the intellectual centre of Estonia estlandia.de
- Jonathan Bousfield The Rough Guide to Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania. Rough Guides UK. Page 126
- Sergey Chernov. Tartu: Estonia's Intellectual and Theater Capital The Moscow Times, Dec. 24 2012
- Why Tartu?|Visit Tartu
- M. Mets & R. Raudsepp: Baltic Piling. CRC Press, 2013. ISBN 9780415643344.
- European Capital of Culture 2024 — Ministry of Culture
- Tartu – European Capital of Culture 2024 – Visit Estonia
- Tartu – European Capital of Culture 2024 – Tartu.ee