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Suez
السويس
City
Flag of Suez
Satellite view of the port and city, the southern terminus of the Suez Canal that transits through Egypt and debouches into the Mediterranean Sea near Port Said. (Up is north-east).
Satellite view of the port and city, the southern terminus of the Suez Canal that transits through Egypt and debouches into the Mediterranean Sea near Port Said. (Up is north-east).
Suez is located in Egypt
Suez
Suez
Location in Egypt
Suez is located in Lower Egypt
Suez
Suez
Suez (Lower Egypt)
Suez is located in Africa
Suez
Suez
Suez (Africa)
Coordinates: 29°58′N 32°33′E / 29.967°N 32.550°E / 29.967; 32.550
CountryEgypt
GovernorateSuez
Founded1859
Government
 • GovernorAbdel-mageed Saqr
Area
[1]
 • Total9,002 km2 (3,476 sq mi)
Elevation
[1]
11 m (36 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total699,541
 • Density78/km2 (200/sq mi)
GDP
[2]
 • TotalEGP 119 billion
(US$ 7.6 billion)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EGY)
WebsiteSuez.gov.eg

Suez (Egyptian Arabic: السويس, romanized: as-Suways, pronounced [esseˈweːs]) is a seaport city (population of about 700,000 as of August 2021) in north-eastern Egypt, located on the north coast of the Gulf of Suez on the Red Sea, near the southern terminus of the Suez Canal, and is the capital of the Suez Governorate. It has three ports: the Suez Port (Port Tewfik), al-Adabiya,[3] and al-Zaytiya,[4] and extensive port facilities. Together they form a metropolitan area, located mostly in Africa with a small portion in Asia.

29°58′N 32°33′E / 29.967°N 32.550°E / 29.967; 32.550Railway lines and highways connect the city with Cairo, Port Said, and Ismailia. Suez has a petrochemical plant, and its oil refineries have pipelines carrying the finished product to Cairo. These are represented in the flag of the governorate: the blue background refers to the sea, the gear refers to Suez's status as an industrial governorate, and the flame refers to the petroleum firms of Suez.

The modern city of Suez is a successor of the ancient city of Clysma, a major Red Sea port and a center of monasticism.[5]

  1. ^ a b c "Egypt: Governorates, Major Cities & Towns - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 18 March 2023.
  2. ^ "GDP BY GOVERNORATE", mped.gov.eg
  3. ^ https://sczone.eg/services/al-adabiya-port/
  4. ^ http://www.rspa.gov.eg/port-zytyat.html
  5. ^ Mayerson, Philip (1996). "The Port of Clysma (Suez) in Transition from Roman to Arab Rule". Journal of Near Eastern Studies. 55 (2): 119–126. doi:10.1086/373802. JSTOR 546035. S2CID 163029985.

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