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Spread of Islam information


The spread of Islam spans almost 1,500 years. The early Muslim conquests that occurred following the death of Muhammad in 632 CE led to the creation of the caliphates, occupying a vast geographical area; conversion to Islam was boosted by Arab Muslim forces conquering vast territories and building imperial structures over time.[1][2][3][4] Most of the significant expansion occurred during the reign of the rāshidūn ("rightly-guided") caliphs from 632 to 661 CE, which were the first four successors of Muhammad.[4] These early caliphates, coupled with Muslim economics and trading, the Islamic Golden Age, and the age of the Islamic gunpowder empires, resulted in Islam's spread outwards from Mecca towards the Indian, Atlantic, and Pacific Oceans and the creation of the Muslim world. The Islamic conquests, which culminated in the Arab empire being established across three continents (Asia, Africa, and Europe), enriched the Muslim world, achieving the economic preconditions for the emergence of this institution owing to the emphasis attached to Islamic teachings.[5] Trade played an important role in the spread of Islam in some parts of the world, such as Indonesia.[6][7]

Muslim dynasties were soon established and subsequent empires such as those of the Umayyads, Abbasids, Mamluks, Seljukids, and the Ayyubids were among some of the largest and most powerful in the world. The Ajuran and Adal Sultanates, and the wealthy Mali Empire, in North Africa, the Delhi, Deccan, and Bengal Sultanates, and Mughal and Durrani Empires, and Kingdom of Mysore and Nizam of Hyderabad in the Indian subcontinent, the Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Samanids in Persia, Timurids, and the Ottoman Empire in Anatolia significantly changed the course of history. The people of the Islamic world created numerous sophisticated centers of culture and science with far-reaching mercantile networks, travelers, scientists, hunters, mathematicians, physicians, and philosophers, all contributing to the Islamic Golden Age. The Timurid Renaissance and the Islamic expansion in South and East Asia fostered cosmopolitan and eclectic Muslim cultures in the Indian subcontinent, Malaysia, Indonesia and China.[8]

As of 2016, there were 1.7 billion Muslims,[9][10] with one out of four people in the world being Muslim,[11] making Islam the second-largest religion.[12] Out of children born from 2010 to 2015, 31% were born to Muslims[13] and currently Islam is the world's fastest-growing major religion by births while Pentecostalism is the fastest growing by converts.[14][15][16]

  1. ^ Polk, William R. (2018). "The Caliphate and the Conquests". Crusade and Jihad: The Thousand-Year War Between the Muslim World and the Global North. The Henry L. Stimson Lectures Series. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. pp. 21–30. doi:10.2307/j.ctv1bvnfdq.7. ISBN 978-0-300-22290-6. JSTOR j.ctv1bvnfdq.7. LCCN 2017942543.
  2. ^ van Ess, Josef (2017). "Setting the Seal on Prophecy". Theology and Society in the Second and Third Centuries of the Hijra, Volume 1: A History of Religious Thought in Early Islam. Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 1: The Near and Middle East. Vol. 116/1. Translated by O'Kane, John. Leiden and Boston: Brill Publishers. pp. 3–7. doi:10.1163/9789004323384_002. ISBN 978-90-04-32338-4. ISSN 0169-9423.
  3. ^ Pakatchi, Ahmad; Ahmadi, Abuzar (2017). "Caliphate". In Madelung, Wilferd; Daftary, Farhad (eds.). Encyclopaedia Islamica. Translated by Asatryan, Mushegh. Leiden and Boston: Brill Publishers. doi:10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_05000066. ISSN 1875-9823.
  4. ^ a b Lewis, Bernard (1995). "Part III: The Dawn and Noon of Islam – Origins". The Middle East: A Brief History of the Last 2,000 Years. New York: Scribner. pp. 51–58. ISBN 9780684832807. OCLC 34190629.
  5. ^ Hassan, M. Kabir (30 December 2016). Handbook of Empirical Research on Islam and Economic Life. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 978-1-78471-073-6 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ Gibbon, ci, ed. Bury, London, 1898, V, 436
  7. ^ Berkey, pg. 101-102
  8. ^ Formichi, Chiara (2020). Islam and Asia: A History. Cambridge University Press. pp. 75–102. ISBN 978-1-107-10612-3.
  9. ^ "Executive Summary". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  10. ^ "Table: Muslim Population by Country | Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project". Features.pewforum.org. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  11. ^ Hallaq, Wael (2009). An introduction to Islamic law. Cambridge University Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-521-67873-5.
  12. ^ "Religion and Public Life". Pew Research Center. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2016.
  13. ^ "The Changing Global Religious Landscape". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 5 April 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  14. ^ "Main Factors Driving Population Growth". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 2 April 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  15. ^ Burke, Daniel (4 April 2015). "The world's fastest-growing religion is ..." CNN. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  16. ^ Lippman, Thomas W. (7 April 2008). "No God But God". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 24 September 2013. Islam is the youngest, the fastest growing, and in many ways the least complicated of the world's great monotheistic faiths. It is based on its own holy book, but it is also a direct descendant of Judaism and Christianity, incorporating some of the teachings of those religions—modifying some and rejecting others.

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Spread of Islam

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spread of Islam spans almost 1,500 years. The early Muslim conquests that occurred following the death of Muhammad in 632 CE led to the creation of the...

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Spread of Islam in Indonesia

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The spread of Islam was slow. The limited evidence that is currently known suggests that the spread of Islam accelerated in the 15th century. One of the...

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Islam in Southeast Asia

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introduction of Islam to Southeast and East Asia. The religion was then further spread by Sufi orders and finally consolidated by the expansion of the territories...

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Islam in India

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India's Muslims are Sunni, with Shia making up around 15% of the Muslim population. Islam spread in Indian communities along the Arab coastal trade routes...

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History of Islam

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The history of Islam concerns the political, social, economic, military, and cultural developments of the Islamic civilization. Most historians believe...

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Spread of Islam among Kurds

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Spread of Islam among Kurds started in the 7th century with the Early Muslim conquests. Before Islam, the majority of Kurds followed a western Iranic...

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Conversion to Islam

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Conversion to Islam is accepting Islam as a religion or faith and rejecting any other religion or irreligion. Converting to Islam requires one to declare...

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Islam in Turkey

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Islam is the most practiced religion in Turkey. As much as 90% of the population follows the Sunni Madhab of Islam. Most Turkish Sunni Muslims belong to...

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Islam

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Islam (/ˈɪzlɑːm/; Arabic: ٱلْإِسْلَام‎, romanized: al-Islām, lit. 'submission [to the will of God]') is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion centered on...

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Islam in Bangladesh

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Jalal are thought to have spread Islam in the north-eastern Bengal and Assam during the beginning of the 12th century. The Islamic Bengal Sultanate, was founded...

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Islamization of Iran

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The Islamization of Iran was the spread of Islam in formerly Sassanid Iran as a result of the Muslim conquest of the empire in 633–654. It was a long process...

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Islam in Sri Lanka

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large numbers, encouraging the spread of Islam. However, when the Portuguese arrived during the 16th century, many of these Arab traders' descendants...

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Islam in Iran

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Islam entered Iran (or "Persia") with the Muslim conquest (637–651) and led to the end of the Sasanian Empire and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian...

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Islam in Algeria

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political threat of the Abbasid Caliphate gone, these soon reverted to Sunni Islam - specifically, the Maliki branch, whose popularity had spread widely in the...

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History of North Africa

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The history of North Africa has been divided into its prehistory, its classical period, the arrival and spread of Islam, the colonial period, and finally...

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Sufism

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played an important role in spreading Islam through their missionary and educational activities. Despite a relative decline of Sufi orders in the modern...

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Islamization of Albania

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transnational religious links. In the first few centuries of Ottoman rule, the spread of Islam in Albania was slow and mainly intensified during the seventeenth and...

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Islam in Indonesia

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important presence of a syncretic form of Islam known as kebatinan. Islam in Indonesia is considered to have gradually spread through merchant activities by Arab...

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Islam in Morocco

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Islam is the largest religion in Morocco, with more than 99% of the population adhering to it. The largest subset of Muslims in Morocco are Maliki Sunni;...

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Islam by country

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2020. Studies in the 21st century suggest that, in terms of percentage and worldwide spread, Islam is the fastest-growing major religion in the world, mostly...

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Islam in Africa

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Islam in Africa is the continent's second most widely professed faith behind Christianity. Africa was the first continent into which Islam spread from...

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Southeast Asia

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of trade among West Asia, India and Southeast Asia helped the spread of the religion as Muslim traders from Southern Yemen (Hadramout) brought Islam to...

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Islam in Bahrain

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Islam is the state religion in Bahrain. Due to an influx of immigrants and guest workers from non-Muslim countries, such as India, the Philippines and...

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Islam in Kenya

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affected the spread of Islam. In addition, the embracing of Islam by large portions of coastal tribes in the nineteenth century aided in its spread. Besides...

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Java

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coast. Many of the best known events in Indonesian history took place on Java. It was the centre of powerful Hindu-Buddhist empires, the Islamic sultanates...

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Prophets and messengers in Islam

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Prophets in Islam (Arabic: ٱلْأَنْبِيَاء فِي ٱلْإِسْلَام, romanized: al-anbiyāʾ fī al-islām) are individuals in Islam who are believed to spread God's message...

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Islamic missionary activity

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prophet Muhammad, from the 7th century onwards, Islam spread rapidly from the Arabian Peninsula to the rest of the world through either trade and exploration...

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List of converts to Islam

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following is a list of people who converted to Islam from a different religion or no religion. This article addresses only past professions of faith by the individuals...

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