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Sahel information

Camels in Chad.png
Camels trample the soil in the semiarid Sahel as they move to water holes, such as this one in Chad
The Sahel region in Africa: a belt up to 1,000 km (620 mi) wide that spans 5,400 km (3,360 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea
BiomeTropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
  • South Saharan steppe and woodlands
  • East Saharan montane xeric woodlands
  • West Saharan montane xeric woodlands
  • Inner Niger Delta
  • Lake Chad flooded savanna
  • Sudd flooded grasslands
  • East Sudanian savanna
  • West Sudanian savanna
  • Ethiopian montane forests
AnimalsCamels, Horses
Bird speciesMigratory birds
Mammal speciesOryx, Gazelles, African buffalo
Area3,053,200 km2 (1,178,800 sq mi)
  • Senegal
  • The Gambia
  • Mauritania
  • Mali
  • Burkina Faso
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Cameroon
  • Chad
  • Central African Republic
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Eritrea
Elevation200 and 400 meters (660 and 1,310 ft)
RiversSenegal, Niger, Nile
Climate typeSemi-arid

The Sahel (/səˈhɛl/; Arabic: ساحل sāḥil [ˈsaːħil], "coast, shore")[1] is a region in Africa. It is defined as the ecoclimatic and biogeographic realm of transition between the Sahara to the north and the Sudanian savanna to the south. Having a hot semi-arid climate, it stretches across the south-central latitudes of Northern Africa between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea.

The Sahel part of Africa includes – from west to east – parts of northern Senegal, southern Mauritania, central Mali, northern Burkina Faso, the extreme south of Algeria, Niger, the extreme north of Nigeria, Cameroon and Central African Republic, central Chad, central and southern Sudan, the extreme north of South Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia.[2]

Historically, the western part of the Sahel was sometimes known as the Sudan region (bilād as-sūdān بلاد السودان "lands of the Sudan"). This belt was located between the Sahara and the coastal areas of West Africa.

There are frequent shortages of food and water due to the dry harsh climate. This is exacerbated by the population increasing rapidly due to very high birthrates across the region; Niger has the world's highest fertility rate.

Jihadist insurgent groups including Boko Haram, Islamic State and al-Qaeda frequently carry out major attacks.

  1. ^ "Definition grid different of Sahel (British and World English)". Oxford Dictionaries. Archived from the original on August 3, 2012. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  2. ^ "Sahel: $1.6 billion appeal to address widespread humanitarian crisis". United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. 31 January 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.

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The Sahel (/səˈhɛl/; Arabic: ساحل sāḥil [ˈsaːħil], "coast, shore") is a region in Africa. It is defined as the ecoclimatic and biogeographic realm of transition...

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Islamist insurgency in the Sahel

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Islamist insurgency in the Sahel or Jihadist Insurgencies in the Sahel refers to the Islamist insurgency in the Sahel region of West Africa following the...

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Sahel Rosa

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Sahel Rosa (Japanese: サヘル・ローズ; Persian: ساحل رز, born 21 October 1985 in Iran), also sometimes known as Sahel Rose, is an Iranian actress working in Japan...

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Permanent Interstate Committee for drought control in the Sahel

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Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (French: Comité permanent inter-État de lutte contre la sécheresse au Sahel, abbreviated as CILSS) is an international...

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G5 Sahel

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G5 Sahel or G5S (French: G5 du Sahel) is an institutional framework for coordination of regional cooperation in development policies and security matters...

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Sahel Metro

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The Sahel Train is an electrified, metre gauge railway and suburban rail line with trains serving Sousse and Mahdia, with a spur to Monastir, in Tunisia...

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Sahel drought

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The Sahel region of Africa has long experienced a series of historic droughts, dating back to at least the 17th century. The Sahel region is a climate...

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Sahel and West Africa Club

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The Sahel and West Africa Club, formerly known as the Sahel Club, was founded after the 1968-1973 Sahel drought that affected food production in the Sahel...

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2012 Sahel drought

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2012 had a very severe drought in the Sahel, the semiarid region of Africa that lies between the Sahara and the savannas. Countries included in this region...

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Operation Barkhane

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It was led by the French military against Islamist groups in Africa's Sahel region. and consisted of a roughly 3,000-strong French force, which was...

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El Sahel

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Al-Sahel (Arabic: الساحل  IPA: [esˈsæːħel, elˈ-]) is a district in the Northern Area of Cairo, Egypt. It used to form part of a larger district of Shubra...

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Sahelian kingdoms

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were a series of centralized kingdoms or empires that were centered on the Sahel, the area of grasslands south of the Sahara, from the 8th century to the...

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Pearl millet

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is in the Sahel zone of West Africa. Recent archaeobotanical research has confirmed the presence of domesticated pearl millet on the Sahel zone of northern...

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Sahel Alma

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Sahel Alma (Arabic: ساحل علما) is a village located in the Keserwan District of the Keserwan-Jbeil Governorate in Lebanon, it constitutes along with three...

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Steve McNair

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multiple gunshot wounds, along with the body of a 20-year-old woman named Sahel "Jenni" Kazemi, in a condominium rented by McNair in downtown Nashville...

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Sahel Sounds

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Sahel Sounds is an American record label, based in Portland, Oregon which specializes in music from the southern part of the Sahara desert. Sahel Sounds...

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SOS Sahel Ethiopia

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SOS Sahel Ethiopia is an Ethiopian Non Governmental Organization (NGO) focusing on environmental sustainability and agriculture. It formerly operated...

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study of desertification emerged from the study of the 1980s drought in the Sahel. Drylands occupy approximately 40–41% of Earth's land area and are home...

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Burkina Faso

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country. Three climatic zones can be defined: the Sahel, the Sudan-Sahel, and the Sudan-Guinea. The Sahel in the north typically receives less than 600 mm...

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Sahel SC

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Sahel Sporting Club is a Nigerien football club based in Niamey. The club was formed in 1974 from the football club Secteur 7. Niger Premier League: 13...

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Times of India. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2018. "Uttaran actor Sahel Phull to star opposite actress Nia Sharma". ABP News. 20 February 2018....

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Fula people

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Hilani; Portuguese: Fula; Wolof: Pël; Bambara: Fulaw) is an ethnic group in Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region. Inhabiting many countries...

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Provinces of Eritrea

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(administrative regions) called Akele Guzay, Barka, Denkalia, Hamasien, Sahel, Semhar, Senhit and Serae. These administrative regions relied heavily upon...

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