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Sahel information


Sahel
Sahel
Throughout the Sahel, rammed earth construction is widespread, as exemplified by this medieval mosque in Burkina Faso
Sahel
Sahel savanna and its namesake acacias at the beginning of the short summer rainy season
Sahel
Sahel
The Sahel region in Africa: a belt up to 1,000 km (620 mi) wide that spans 5,400 km (3,360 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea
Ecology
RealmAfrotropical
BiomeTropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Borders
List
  • East Saharan montane xeric woodlands
  • East Sudanian savanna
  • Ethiopian montane forests
  • Inner Niger Delta
  • Lake Chad flooded savanna
  • South Saharan steppe and woodlands
  • Sudd flooded grasslands
  • West Saharan montane xeric woodlands
  • West Sudanian savanna
AnimalsCamels, horses
Bird speciesMigratory birds
Mammal speciesOryx, Gazelles, African buffalo
Geography
Area3,053,200 km2 (1,178,800 sq mi)
Countries
List
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cameroon
  • Cape Verde
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Eritrea
  • The Gambia
  • Mali
  • Mauritania
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Senegal
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
Elevation200 and 400 meters (660 and 1,310 ft)
RiversSenegal, Niger, Nile
Climate typeTropical savanna climates (Aw), Hot Semi-arid (BSh), Hot Desert (BWh)

The Sahel region (/səˈhɛl/; from Arabic ساحل (sāḥil [ˈsaːħil]) 'coast, shore') or Sahelian acacia savanna is a biogeographical region in Africa. It is the transition zone between the more humid Sudanian savannas to its south and the drier Sahara to the north. The Sahel has a hot semi-arid climate and stretches across the southernmost latitudes of North Africa between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea. Although geographically located in the tropics, the Sahel does not have a tropical climate.

Especially in the western Sahel, there are frequent shortages of food and water due to its very high government corruption and the semi-arid climate. This is exacerbated by very high birthrates across the region, resulting in a rapid increase in population. In recent times,[when?] various coups, insurgencies, terrorism[1] and foreign interventions have taken place in many Sahel countries, especially across former Françafrique.

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Sahel

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The Sahel region (/səˈhɛl/; from Arabic ساحل (sāḥil [ˈsaːħil]) 'coast, shore') or Sahelian acacia savanna is a biogeographical region in Africa. It is...

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Alliance of Sahel States

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The Alliance of Sahel States (AES/ASS) is a confederation formed between Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso. It originated as a mutual defense pact. The original...

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Sahel Alliance

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The Sahel Alliance was an international development initiative for the benefit of the G5 Sahel countries launched in July 2017 by the African Development...

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Droughts in the Sahel

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The Sahel region of Africa has long experienced a series of historic droughts, dating back to at least the 17th century. The Sahel region is a climate...

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G5 Sahel

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G5 Sahel or G5S (French: G5 du Sahel) is an institutional framework for coordination of regional cooperation in development policies and security matters...

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Sahel Rosa

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Sahel Rosa (Japanese: サヘル・ローズ; Persian: ساحل رز, born 21 October 1985 in Iran), also sometimes known as Sahel Rose, is an Iranian actress working in Japan...

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Sahel Sounds

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Sahel Sounds is an American record label, based in Portland, Oregon which specializes in music from the southern part of the Sahara desert. Sahel Sounds...

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Sahel Metro

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The Sahel Train is an electrified, metre gauge railway and suburban rail line with trains serving Sousse and Mahdia, with a spur to Monastir, in Tunisia...

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Islamist insurgency in the Sahel

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An Islamist insurgency has been ongoing in the Sahel region of West Africa since the 2011 Arab Spring. In particular, the intensive conflict in the three...

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Permanent Interstate Committee for drought control in the Sahel

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Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (French: Comité permanent inter-État de lutte contre la sécheresse au Sahel, abbreviated as CILSS) is an international...

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El Sahel

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El-Sahel of Cairo (Arabic: الساحل  IPA: [esˈsæːħel, elˈ-]) is a district in the Northern Area of Cairo, Egypt. It used to form part of a larger district...

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Mdou Moctar

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officially released at the time but the songs became popular across the Sahel when they went viral through mobile phone music trading networks. Many of...

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Desertification

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of climate change. Geographic areas most affected are located in Africa (Sahel region), Asia (Gobi Desert and Mongolia) and parts of South America. Drylands...

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Steve McNair

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multiple gunshot wounds, along with the body of a 20-year-old woman named Sahel "Jenni" Kazemi, in a condominium rented by McNair in downtown Nashville...

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Sahara and Sahel Observatory

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The Sahara and Sahel Observatory (French: Observatoire du Sahara et du Sahel, OSS) is an African intergovernmental organisation established in 1992 and...

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Sahelian kingdoms

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were a series of centralized kingdoms or empires that were centered on the Sahel, the area of grasslands south of the Sahara, from the 8th century to the...

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Pan Sahel Initiative

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The Pan-Sahel Initiative, according to a November 7, 2002, by the Office of Counterterrorism, U.S. Department of State, was "a State-led effort to assist...

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Sahel and West Africa Club

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The Sahel and West Africa Club, formerly known as the Sahel Club, was founded after the 1968-1973 Sahel drought that affected food production in the Sahel...

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2010 Sahel famine

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A large-scale, drought-induced famine occurred in Africa's Sahel region and many parts of the neighbouring Sénégal River Area from February to August...

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Sahel SC

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Sahel Sporting Club is a Nigerien football club based in Niamey. The club was formed in 1974 from the football club Secteur 7. Niger Premier League: 13...

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Music from Saharan Cellphones

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Music from Saharan Cellphones is a compilation album released by Sahel Sounds of different songs by various musicians from Western and Sub-Saharan Africa...

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