|Biome||Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands|
|Bird species||Migratory birds|
|Mammal species||Oryx, Gazelles, African buffalo|
|Area||3,053,200 km2 (1,178,800 sq mi)|
|Elevation||200 and 400 meters (660 and 1,310 ft)|
|Rivers||Senegal, Niger, Nile|
|Climate type||Hot Semi-arid (BSh)|
The Sahel region (//; from Arabic ساحل (sāḥil [ˈsaːħil]) 'coast, shore') or Sahelian acacia savanna is a biogeographic region in Africa. It is the transition zone between the more humid Sudanian savannas to its south and the drier Sahara to the north. The Sahel has a hot steppe climate and stretches across the southernmost latitudes of North Africa between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea. Although geographically located in the tropics, the Sahel does not have a tropical climate.
Especially in the western Sahel there are frequent shortages of food and water due to its very high government corruption and the semi-arid climate. This is exacerbated by very high birthrates across the region causing a rapid increase in population. In recent times, various coups, insurgencies, terrorism and foreign interventions took place in many Sahel countries, especially across former Françafrique.
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