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Sahel information

Camels in Chad.png
Camels trample the soil in the semiarid Sahel as they move to water holes, such as this one in Chad
Map of the Sahel.png
The Sahel region in Africa: a belt up to 1,000 km (620 mi) wide that spans 5,400 km (3,360 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea
BiomeTropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
  • South Saharan steppe and woodlands
  • East Saharan montane xeric woodlands
  • West Saharan montane xeric woodlands
  • Inner Niger Delta
  • Lake Chad flooded savanna
  • Sudd flooded grasslands
  • East Sudanian savanna
  • West Sudanian savanna
  • Ethiopian montane forests
AnimalsCamels, Horses
Bird speciesMigratory birds
Mammal speciesOryx, Gazelles, African buffalo
Area3,053,200 km2 (1,178,800 sq mi)
  • Senegal
  • Gambia
  • Mauritania
  • Mali
  • Burkina Faso
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Cameroon
  • Chad
  • Central African Republic
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Eritrea
Elevation200 and 400 meters (660 and 1,310 ft)
RiversSenegal, Niger, Nile
Climate typeSemi-arid

The Sahel (/səˈhɛl/; Arabic: ساحل sāḥil [ˈsaːħil], "coast, shore")[1] is a region in North Africa. It is defined as the ecoclimatic and biogeographic realm of transition between the Sahara to the north and the Sudanian savanna to the south. Having a hot semi-arid climate, it stretches across the south-central latitudes of Northern Africa between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea.

The Sahel part of Africa includes – from west to east – parts of northern Senegal, southern Mauritania, central Mali, northern Burkina Faso, the extreme south of Algeria, Niger, the extreme north of Nigeria, Cameroon and Central African Republic, central Chad, central and southern Sudan, the extreme north of South Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia.[2]

Historically, the western part of the Sahel was sometimes known as the Sudan region (bilād as-sūdān بلاد السودان "lands of the Sudan"). This belt was roughly located between the Sahara and the coastal areas of West Africa.

There are frequent shortages of food and water due to the dry climate. This is exacerbated by the population increasing rapidly due to very high birthrates across the region; Niger has the world's highest fertility rate.

Jihadist insurgent groups including Boko Haram, Islamic State and al-Qaeda frequently carry out major attacks.

  1. ^ "Definition grid different of Sahel (British and World English)". Oxford Dictionaries. Archived from the original on August 3, 2012. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  2. ^ "Sahel: $1.6 billion appeal to address widespread humanitarian crisis". United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. 31 January 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2013.

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The Sahel (/səˈhɛl/; Arabic: ساحل sāḥil [ˈsaːħil], "coast, shore") is a region in North Africa. It is defined as the ecoclimatic and biogeographic realm...

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Islamist insurgency in the Sahel

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Islamist insurgency in the Sahel or Jihadist Insurgencies in the Sahel refers to the Islamist insurgency in the Sahel region of West Africa following the...

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Sahel Rosa

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Sahel Rosa (Japanese: サ ヘ ル ・ ローズ; Persian: ساحل رز, born 21 October or 23 October 1985 in Iran), also sometimes known as Sahel Rose, is an Iranian model...

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Sahel drought

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The Sahel region of Africa has long experienced a series of historic droughts, dating back to at least the 17th century. The Sahel region is a climate...

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El Sahel

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El Sahel (Arabic: الساحل  IPA: [esˈsæːħel, elˈ-]) is an administrative region forming more than half of Shubra in Cairo, Egypt. El Sahel neighbours the...

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G5 Sahel

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G5 Sahel or G5S (French: G5 du Sahel) is an institutional framework for coordination of regional cooperation in development policies and security matters...

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North Africa

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routes by which it flows. — An atlas of the Sahara-Sahel : geography, economics and security The Sahel or "African Transition Zone" has been affected by...

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Steve McNair

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multiple gunshot wounds, along with the body of a 20-year-old woman named Sahel "Jenni" Kazemi, in a condominium rented by McNair in downtown Nashville...

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Sahel Metro

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The Sahel Train is an electrified, metre gauge railway and suburban rail line with trains serving Sousse and Mahdia, with a spur to Monastir, in Tunisia...

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Sahel Sounds

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Sahel Sounds is an American record label, based in Portland, Oregon which specializes in music from the southern part of the Sahara desert. Sahel Sounds...

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2012 Sahel drought

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2012 had a very severe drought in the Sahel, the semiarid region of Africa that lies between the Sahara and the savannas. Countries included in this region...

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Burkina Faso

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country. Three climatic zones can be defined: the Sahel, the Sudan-Sahel, and the Sudan-Guinea. The Sahel in the north typically receives less than 600 mm...

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Mdou Moctar

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across the Sahel when they went viral through mobile phone music trading networks. Some of the songs reached a global audience when Sahel Sounds released...

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Operation Barkhane

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and is led by the French military against Islamist groups in Africa's Sahel region. It consists of a roughly 3,000-strong French force, which is permanently...

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Sahel and West Africa Club

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The Sahel and West Africa Club, formerly known as the Sahel Club, was founded after the 1968-1973 Sahel drought that affected food production in the Sahel...

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Sahel Alma

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Sahel Alma (Arabic: ساحل علما) is a village located in the Keserwan District of the Keserwan-Jbeil Governorate in Lebanon, it constitutes along with three...

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Sahelian kingdoms

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were a series of centralized kingdoms or empires that were centered on the Sahel, the area of grasslands south of the Sahara, from the 8th century to the...

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Times of India. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2018. "Uttaran actor Sahel Phull to star opposite actress Nia Sharma". ABP News. 20 February 2018....

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Sahara and Sahel Observatory

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The Sahara and Sahel Observatory (French: Observatoire du Sahara et du Sahel, OSS) is an African intergovernmental organisation established in 1992 and...

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2010 Sahel famine

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A large-scale, drought-induced famine occurred in Africa's Sahel region and many parts of the neighbouring Sénégal River Area from February to August...

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Hilal Alsahil SC

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Hilal Alsahil Sports Club (Arabic: نادي هلال الساحل الرياضي) is a Sudanese football club founded in 1937 in Port Sudan. They played in the top division...

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Pearl millet

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is in the Sahel zone of West Africa. Recent archaeobotanical research has confirmed the presence of domesticated pearl millet on the Sahel zone of northern...

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Sahel River

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The Sahel River is a river in northern Algeria, which flows into the Soummam River at Akbou. The basin of the Sahel River (wilaya of Bouira)is about 3...

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savannah of West Africa. In the steppes and savannahs of the Sahara and Sahel in Northern West Africa, people possibly ancestral to modern Nilo-Saharan...

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Sahel FC

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Sahel FC is a Cameroonian football club based in Maroua. They are a member of the Cameroonian Football Federation. The club was relegated from the Cameroon...

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individually called sorghum, also known as durra, jowari, or milo. Native to Sahel region of Africa; naturalized in many places Sorghum brachypodum – Northern...

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Sahel SC

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Sahel Sporting Club is a Nigerien football club based in Niamey. The club was formed in 1974 from the football club Secteur 7. Niger Premier League: 13...

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SOS Sahel Ethiopia

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SOS Sahel Ethiopia is an Ethiopian Non Governmental Organization (NGO) focusing on environmental sustainability and agriculture. It formerly operated...

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study of desertification emerged from the study of the 1980s drought in the Sahel. Drylands occupy approximately 40–41% of Earth's land area and are home...

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Jdeideh (Arabic: جديدة المتن translit. al-Judaydat), also Jdayde, Jdaideh and Jdeidet el-Matn, is a coastal municipality and the administrative capital...

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Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa. It is situated between the Sahel to the north and the Gulf of Guinea to the south in the Atlantic Ocean....

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West Africa

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divided into four climatic sub-regions namely the Guinea Coast, Soudano-Sahel, Sahel (extending eastward to the Ethiopian border) and the Sahara, each with...

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changes from desert to coastal plains. To the south it is bounded by the Sahel, a belt of semi-arid tropical savanna around the Niger River valley and...

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Sahel Region

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Sahel is one of Burkina Faso's 13 administrative regions. It was created on 2 July 2001. The region's capital is Dori. Four provinces make up the region—Oudalan...

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Permanent Interstate Committee for drought control in the Sahel

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Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel (French: Comité permanent inter-État de lutte contre la sécheresse au Sahel, abbreviated as CILSS) is an international...

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Pan Sahel Initiative

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The Pan-Sahel Initiative, according to a November 7, 2002, by the Office of Counterterrorism, U.S. Department of State, was "a State-led effort to assist...

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Sahel Academy

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Sahel Academy is a Christian international school in Niamey, Niger. It was established by SIM in 1987. It educates the children of missionaries and the...

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elevations reach 1,050 metres (3,440 ft) and snow occurs in winter. The Sahel, a broadening coastal plain along Tunisia's eastern Mediterranean coast...

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European Union Capacity Building Mission in Mali

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The EU Capacity Building Mission in Mali (EUCAP Sahel Mali) was initiated on 15 April 2014 within the European Union Common Security and Defense Policy...

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