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Prague information

Capital city
Capital City of Prague
Hlavní město Praha
Panorama with Prague Castle
National Theatre
Pankrác district
Old Town Square
Malá Strana
Flag of Prague
Coat of arms of Prague
Official logo of Prague
"Praga Caput Rei publicae" (Latin)[1]
"Prague, Head of the Republic"
other historical mottos  
  • "Praga mater urbium" (Latin)
    "Praha matka měst" (Czech)[1]
    "Prague, Mother of Cities"
  • "Praga Caput Regni" (Latin)[2]
    "Prague, Head of the Kingdom"
Prague is located in Czech Republic
Location within the Czech Republic
Prague is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 50°05′15″N 14°25′17″E / 50.08750°N 14.42139°E / 50.08750; 14.42139Coordinates: 50°05′15″N 14°25′17″E / 50.08750°N 14.42139°E / 50.08750; 14.42139
CountryPrague Czech Republic
Founded5th century
 • MayorZdeněk Hřib (Pirates)
 • Capital city496 km2 (192 sq mi)
 • Urban
298 km2 (115 sq mi)
Highest elevation
399 m (1,309 ft)
Lowest elevation
172 m (564 ft)
 • Capital city1,275,406
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal codes
100 00 – 199 00
ISO 3166 codeCZ-10
Vehicle registrationA, AA – AZ
GRP (nominal)[6]2019
 – Total€60 billion
 – Per capita€46,400
HDI (2019)0.968[7]very high · 1st

Prague (/prɑːɡ/ PRAHG; Czech: Praha [ˈpraɦa] (Praguelisten); German: Prag, pronounced [pʁaːk] (Praguelisten); Latin: Praga) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic,[8] and the historical capital of Bohemia. On the Vltava river, Prague is home to about 1.3 million people.[4] The city has a temperate oceanic climate, with relatively warm summers and chilly winters.

Prague is a political, cultural, and economic hub of central Europe, with a rich history and Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architectures. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia and residence of several Holy Roman Emperors, most notably Charles IV (r. 1346–1378).[9]

It was an important city to the Habsburg monarchy and Austro-Hungarian Empire. The city played major roles in the Bohemian and the Protestant Reformations, the Thirty Years' War and in 20th-century history as the capital of Czechoslovakia between the World Wars and the post-war Communist era.[10]

Prague is home to a number of well-known cultural attractions, many of which survived the violence and destruction of 20th-century Europe. Main attractions include Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with the Prague astronomical clock, the Jewish Quarter, Petřín hill and Vyšehrad. Since 1992, the historic center of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

The city has more than ten major museums, along with numerous theaters, galleries, cinemas, and other historical exhibits. An extensive modern public transportation system connects the city. It is home to a wide range of public and private schools, including Charles University in Prague, the oldest university in Central Europe.[11]

Prague is classified as an "Alpha-" global city according to GaWC studies.[12] In 2019, the city was ranked as 69th most livable city in the world by Mercer.[13] In the same year, the PICSA Index ranked the city as 13th most livable city in the world.[14] Its rich history makes it a popular tourist destination and as of 2017, the city receives more than 8.5 million international visitors annually. In 2017, Prague was listed as the fifth most visited European city after London, Paris, Rome, and Istanbul.[15]

  1. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Vojtisek was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ Milan Ducháček, Václav Chaloupecký: Hledání československých dějin (2014), cited after Archived 16 April 2018 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Demographia World Urban Areas" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 May 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
  4. ^ a b "Population on 1 January by five-year age group, sex and metropolitan regions". Eurostat. Archived from the original on 14 March 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  5. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 29 April 2022.
  6. ^ "GDP Report". 28 February 2018. Archived from the original on 22 March 2021. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab". Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  8. ^ "Czech Republic Facts". World InfoZone. Archived from the original on 18 May 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011.[unreliable source?]
  9. ^ "Czech Republic". Archived from the original on 1 December 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2011.[unreliable source?]
  10. ^ "Short History of Bohemia, Moravia and then Czechoslovakia and Czech Republic". 2015. Archived from the original on 18 May 2016. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  11. ^ "Charles University Official Website". Archived from the original on 29 October 2007. Retrieved 21 April 2022.
  12. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2018". GaWC. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Quality of Living City Ranking | Mercer". Archived from the original on 18 April 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  14. ^ "The PICSA Index". Archived from the original on 8 March 2021. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  15. ^ "Top 100 City Destinations Revealed: Prague among Most Visited in the World". 8 November 2017. Archived from the original on 29 August 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2018.

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Prague (/prɑːɡ/ PRAHG; Czech: Praha [ˈpraɦa] (listen); German: Prag, pronounced [pʁaːk] (listen); Latin: Praga) is the capital and largest city in the...

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Prague Castle

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Prague Castle (Czech: Pražský hrad; [ˈpraʃskiː ˈɦrat]) is a castle complex in Prague, Czech Republic, built in the 9th century. It is the official office...

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Czech Republic

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temperate continental and oceanic climate. The capital and largest city is Prague; other major cities and urban areas include Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň and Liberec...

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Prague Spring

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The Prague Spring (Czech: Pražské jaro, Slovak: Pražská jar) was a period of political liberalization and mass protest in the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic...

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Defenestrations of Prague

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The Defenestrations of Prague (Czech: Pražská defenestrace, German: Prager Fenstersturz, Latin: Defenestratio Pragensis) were three incidents in the history...

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Prague Metro

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The Prague Metro (Czech: Pražské metro) is the rapid transit network of Prague, Czech Republic. Founded in 1974, the system consists of three lines (A...

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Prague astronomical clock

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The Prague Astronomical Clock or Prague Orloj (Czech: Pražský orloj [praʃskiː orloj]) is a medieval astronomical clock attached to the Old Town Hall in...

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Infant Jesus of Prague

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The Infant Jesus of Prague (Czech: Pražské Jezulátko: Spanish: Niño Jesús de Praga) is a 16th-century wax-coated wooden statue of the Child Jesus holding...

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Bombing of Prague

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Prague, the capital and largest city of the German-occupied Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, was bombed several times by the Allies during World War...

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Charles University

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Karls-Universität), also known as Charles University in Prague or historically as the University of Prague (Latin: Universitas Pragensis), is the oldest and...

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Districts of Prague

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Prague 15 Prague 16 Prague 17 Prague 18 Prague 19 Prague 20 Prague 21 Prague 22 Prague 1 Prague 2 Prague 3 Prague 4 Prague 5 Prague 6 Prague 7 Prague...

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Prague linguistic circle

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The Prague school or Prague linguistic circle is a language and literature society. It started in 1926 as a group of linguists, philologists and literary...

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Trams in Prague

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The Prague tramway network is the largest tram network in the Czech Republic, consisting of 142.4 km (88.5 mi) of track, 882 tram vehicles (one of the...

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Prague ham

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Prague Ham (Czech: Pražská šunka, German: Prager Schinken) is a type of brine-cured, stewed, and mildly beechwood-smoked boneless ham originally from Prague...

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Prague offensive

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The Prague offensive (Russian: Пражская стратегическая наступательная операция, romanized: Prazhskaya strategicheskaya nastupatel'naya operatsiya, lit...

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Prague 1

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Prague 1, formally the Prague 1 Municipal District (Czech: Městská část Praha 1), is a second-tier municipality in Prague. It is co-extensive with the...

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History of Prague

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The history of Prague covers more than a thousand years, during which time the city grew from the Vyšehrad Castle to the capital of a modern European state...

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narrative involves Judah Loew ben Bezalel, the late-16th-century rabbi of Prague. Many tales differ on how the golem was brought to life and controlled....

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Interlude in Prague

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Interlude in Prague is a 2017 film about a fictional episode in the life of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart that led to his writing the opera Don Giovanni. It...

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Adalbert of Prague

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Adalbert of Prague (Latin: Sanctus Adalbertus, Czech: svatý Vojtěch, Slovak: svätý Vojtech, Polish: święty Wojciech, Hungarian: Szent Adalbert (Béla);...

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Prague uprising

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The Prague uprising (Czech: Pražské povstání) was a partially successful attempt by the Czech resistance to liberate the city of Prague from German occupation...

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Timeline of Prague

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following is a timeline of the history of the city of Prague, Czech Republic. 870 CE – Prague Castle founded 10th C. - Vyšehrad (the "upper castle")...

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The Prague Cemetery

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The Prague Cemetery (Italian: Il cimitero di Praga) is a novel by Italian author Umberto Eco. It was first published in October 2010; the English translation...

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Prague Zoo

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Prague Zoological Garden (Czech: Zoologická zahrada hl. m. Prahy) is a zoo in Prague, Czech Republic. It was opened in 1931 with the goal to "advance the...

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Reinhard Heydrich

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stormtroopers and civilians and presaged the Holocaust. Upon his arrival in Prague, Heydrich sought to eliminate opposition to the Nazi occupation by suppressing...

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and Orphans. Major Hussite theologians included Petr Chelčický, Jerome of Prague, and others. A number of Czech national heroes were Hussite, including Jan...

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SK Slavia Prague

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Prague – Football, pronounced [ˈslaːvɪja ˈpraɦa]), commonly known as Slavia Praha or Slavia Prague, is a Czech professional football club in Prague....

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Prague Marathon

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The Prague Marathon (also known as Prague International Marathon (PIM) and Volkswagen Prague Marathon) is an annual road marathon held in the city of Prague...

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Prague Winter

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Prague Winter: A Personal Story of Remembrance and War, 1937–1948 is an autobiographical book written by Madeleine Albright. The book was first published...

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FK Motorlet Prague

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FK Motorlet Prague is a football club located in Prague-Jinonice, Czech Republic. The club currently plays in the Bohemian Football League, which is the...

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Radio Prague

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Radio Prague International (Czech: Český rozhlas 7 – Radio Praha) is the official international broadcasting station of the Czech Republic. Broadcasting...

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German: Josefstadt) is a town quarter and the smallest cadastral area of Prague, Czech Republic, formerly the Jewish ghetto of the town. It is surrounded...

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Jerome of Prague

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Jerome of Prague (Czech: Jeroným Pražský; Latin: Hieronymus Pragensis; 1379 – 30 May 1416) was a Czech scholastic philosopher, theologian, reformer, and...

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Prague Central Station

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Prague Central Station may refer to: Praha Masarykovo nádraží, named Praha střed (Prague Central) until 1990. Praha hlavní nádraží (Prague main railway...

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National Gallery Prague

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Prague (Czech: Národní galerie Praha, NGP), formerly the National Gallery in Prague (Národní galerie v Praze), is a state-owned art gallery in Prague...

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Flag of Prague

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List of mayors of Prague

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The office of Mayor of Prague was established in 1784. In that year, under Joseph II, the four previously independent neighbouring communities of Malá...

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Curing salt

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4% sodium nitrate, and 89.75% table salt. The sodium nitrate found in Prague powder #2 gradually breaks down over time into sodium nitrite, and by that...

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Prague Together

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Prague Together (Czech: Praha sobě, lit. 'Prague for itself') is an association of independent candidates in Prague. It was created for the 2018 Prague...

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2018 Prague municipal election

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2018 Prague municipal elections were held in Prague in on 5 and 6 October 2018 as part of nationwide municipal elections. All 65 seats of the Prague Assembly...

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