Global Information Lookup Global Information

Czech Republic information


Czech Republic
Česká republika (Czech)
Flag of the Czech Republic
Flag
Coat of arms of the Czech Republic
Coat of arms
Motto: 
Pravda vítězí (Czech)
"Truth prevails"
Anthem: 
Kde domov můj (Czech)
"Where my home is"
Location of the Czech Republic (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark gray) – in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of the Czech Republic (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark gray)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Prague
50°05′N 14°28′E / 50.083°N 14.467°E / 50.083; 14.467
Official languageCzech[1]
Officially recognized languages[2][3]
List
  • Belarusian
  • German
  • Greek
  • Hungarian
  • Polish
  • Romani
  • Russian
  • Rusyn
  • Serbian
  • Slovak
  • Ukrainian
  • Vietnamese
Ethnic groups
(2021)[4]
  • 57.3% Czechs
  • 3.4% Moravians
  • 0.9% Slovaks
  • 0.7% Ukrainians
  • 2.1% Others
  • 4.0% Two nationalities
  • 31.6% No answer
Religion
(2021)[5]
  • 56.9% No religion
    • 11.7% Christianity
      • 9.3% Catholicism
      • 2.4% Other Christian
  • 1.2% Others
  • 30.1% No answer
Demonym(s)Czech
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Miloš Zeman
• Prime Minister
Petr Fiala
LegislatureParliament
• Upper house
Senate
• Lower house
Chamber of Deputies
Establishment history
• Duchy of Bohemia
c. 870
• Kingdom of Bohemia
1198
• Czechoslovakia
28 October 1918
• Czech Republic
1 January 1993
Area
• Total
78,871 km2 (30,452 sq mi) (115th)
• Water (%)
2.14 (as of 2021)[6]
Population
• 2022 estimate
Neutral decrease 10,516,707[7] (86th)
• 2021 census
Neutral decrease 10,524,167[4]
• Density
133/km2 (344.5/sq mi) (91st)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $509.953  billion[8] (48th)
• Per capita
Increase $47,527[8] (36th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $296.238  billion[8] (48th)
• Per capita
Increase $27,609 [8] (43rd)
Gini (2020)Negative increase 24.2[9]
low
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.889[10]
very high · 32nd
CurrencyCzech koruna (CZK)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatd. m. yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+420[b]
ISO 3166 codeCZ
Internet TLD.cz[c]
  1. ^ Code 42 was shared with Slovakia until 1997.
  2. ^ Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

The Czech Republic,[a][12] also known as Czechia,[b][13] is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Historically known as Bohemia,[14] it is bordered by Austria to the south, Germany to the west, Poland to the northeast, and Slovakia to the southeast.[15] The Czech Republic has a hilly landscape that covers an area of 78,871 square kilometers (30,452 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental and oceanic climate. The capital and largest city is Prague; other major cities and urban areas include Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň and Liberec.

The Duchy of Bohemia was founded in the late 9th century under Great Moravia. It was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire in 1002 and became a kingdom in 1198.[16][17] Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the whole Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg monarchy. The Protestant Bohemian Revolt led to the Thirty Years' War. After the Battle of the White Mountain, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule. With the dissolution of the Holy Empire in 1806, the Crown lands became part of the Austrian Empire.

In the 19th century, the Czech lands became more industrialized, and in 1918 most of it became part of the First Czechoslovak Republic following the collapse of Austria-Hungary after World War I.[18] Czechoslovakia was the only country in Central and Eastern Europe to remain a parliamentary democracy during the entirety of the interwar period.[19] After the Munich Agreement in 1938, Nazi Germany systematically took control over the Czech lands. Czechoslovakia was restored in 1945 and became an Eastern Bloc communist state following a coup d'état in 1948. Attempts to liberalize the government and economy were suppressed by a Soviet-led invasion of the country during the Prague Spring in 1968. In November 1989, the Velvet Revolution ended communist rule in the country, and on 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia was dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

The Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary republic and developed country with an advanced, high-income social market economy. It is a welfare state with a European social model, universal health care and free-tuition university education. It ranks 12th in the UN inequality-adjusted human development and 24th in the World Bank Human Capital Index. It ranks as the 8th safest and most peaceful country and 29th in democratic governance. The Czech Republic is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Union, the OECD, the OSCE, and the Council of Europe.

  1. ^ "Czech language". Czech Republic – Official website. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic. Archived from the original on 6 November 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
  2. ^ Citizens belonging to minorities, which traditionally and on a long-term basis live within the territory of the Czech Republic, enjoy the right to use their language in communication with authorities and in courts of law (for the list of recognized minorities see National Minorities Policy of the Government of the Czech Republic Archived 7 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Belarusian and Vietnamese since 4 July 2013, see Česko má nové oficiální národnostní menšiny. Vietnamce a Bělorusy Archived 8 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine). Article 25 of the Czech Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms ensures the right of the national and ethnic minorities to education and communication with the authorities in their own language. Act No. 500/2004 Coll. (The Administrative Rule) in its paragraph 16 (4) (Procedural Language) ensures that a citizen of the Czech Republic who belongs to a national or an ethnic minority, which traditionally and on a long-term basis lives within the territory of the Czech Republic, has the right to address an administrative agency and proceed before it in the language of the minority. If the administrative agency has no employee with knowledge of the language, the agency is bound to obtain a translator at the agency's own expense. According to Act No. 273/2001 (Concerning the Rights of Members of Minorities) paragraph 9 (The right to use language of a national minority in dealing with authorities and in front of the courts of law) the same also applies to members of national minorities in the courts of law.
  3. ^ The Slovak language may be considered an official language in the Czech Republic under certain circumstances, as defined by several laws – e.g. law 500/2004, 337/1992. Source: http://portal.gov.cz Archived 10 April 2005 at the Wayback Machine. Cited: "Například Správní řád (zákon č. 500/2004 Sb.) stanovuje: "V řízení se jedná a písemnosti se vyhotovují v českém jazyce. Účastníci řízení mohou jednat a písemnosti mohou být předkládány i v jazyce slovenském ..." (§ 16, odstavec 1). Zákon o správě daní a poplatků (337/1992 Sb.) "Úřední jazyk: Před správcem daně se jedná v jazyce českém nebo slovenském. Veškerá písemná podání se předkládají v češtině nebo slovenštině ..." (§ 3, odstavec 1). http://portal.gov.cz
  4. ^ a b "Národnost". Census 2021 (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Náboženská víra". Census 2021 (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  6. ^ "Public database: Land use (as at 31 December)". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 15 October 2022.
  7. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 29 April 2022.
  8. ^ a b c d "World Economic Outlook Database April 2022". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  9. ^ "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income". Eurostat. Archived from the original on 9 October 2020. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  10. ^ "Human Development Report 2021/2022" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 8 September 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 October 2022. Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  11. ^ "Oxford English Dictionary". Archived from the original on 11 January 2008. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
  12. ^ "Publications Office — Interinstitutional style guide — 7.1. Countries — 7.1.1. Designations and abbreviations to use". Publications Office. Archived from the original on 20 October 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  13. ^ "the Czech Republic". The United Nations Terminology Database. Archived from the original on 15 September 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  14. ^ Šitler, Jiří (12 July 2016). "From Bohemia to Czechia". Czech Radio. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  15. ^ "Information about the Czech Republic". Czech Foreign Ministry. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  16. ^ Mlsna, Petr; Šlehofer, F.; Urban, D. (2010). "The Path of Czech Constitutionality" (PDF). 1st edition (in Czech and English). Praha: Úřad Vlády České Republiky (The Office of the Government of the Czech Republic). pp. 10–11. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 January 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
  17. ^ Čumlivski, Denko (2012). "800 let Zlaté buly sicilské" (in Czech). National Archives of the Czech Republic (Národní Archiv České Republiky). Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
  18. ^ Dijk, Ruud van; Gray, William Glenn; Savranskaya, Svetlana; Suri, Jeremi; Zhai, Qiang (2013). Encyclopedia of the Cold War. Routledge. p. 76. ISBN 978-1135923112. Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  19. ^ Timothy Garton Ash The Uses of Adversity Granta Books, 1991 ISBN 0-14-014038-7 p. 60


Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).

and 28 Related for: Czech Republic information

Request time (Page generated in 0.8577 seconds.)

Czech Republic

Last Update:

The Czech Republic, also known as Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. Historically known as Bohemia, it is bordered by Austria to the south...

Word Count : 15390

Public holidays in the Czech Republic

Last Update:

Public holidays in the Czech Republic: Czech Republic portal Public holidays in Slovakia "Bank holidays in the Czech Republic". Czech National Bank. Archived...

Word Count : 44

Army of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

Czech Republic (Czech: Armáda České republiky, AČR), also known as the Czech Army, is the military service responsible for the defence of the Czech Republic...

Word Count : 2920

Demographics of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

article is about the demographic features of the population of the Czech Republic, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of...

Word Count : 3081

Regions of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

Regions of the Czech Republic (Czech: kraj, plural: kraje) are higher-level territorial self-governing units of the Czech Republic. Every region is governed...

Word Count : 299

Czech Republic national football team

Last Update:

The Czech Republic national football team (Czech: Česká fotbalová reprezentace) represents the Czech Republic in international football. The team is controlled...

Word Count : 3748

Flag of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

The flag of the Czech Republic (Czech: státní vlajka České republiky) or flag of Czechia (Czech: vlajka Česka), or Czech Flag (Czech: česká vlajka) is...

Word Count : 867

Economy of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

The economy of the Czech Republic is a developed export-oriented social market economy based in services, manufacturing, and innovation that maintains...

Word Count : 4367

Name of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

The Czech Republic's official formal and short names at the United Nations are Česká republika and Česko in Czech, and the Czech Republic and Czechia...

Word Count : 3270

Foreign relations of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

The Czech Republic is a Central European country, a member of the European Union, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OSCE), the...

Word Count : 2381

Prostitution in the Czech Republic

Last Update:

Prostitution in the Czech Republic is legal, but organized prostitution (brothels, prostitution rings, pimping, etc.) is prohibited. Ever since the Czechoslovak...

Word Count : 2195

List of military equipment of the Czech Army

Last Update:

equipment of the Czech Republic currently in service and in storage. This includes weapons and equipment of the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic, with the...

Word Count : 1820

Czech Socialist Republic

Last Update:

The Czech Socialist Republic (Czech: Česká socialistická republika, ČSR) was a republic within the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. The name was used from...

Word Count : 332

President of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

president of the Czech Republic is the head of state of the Czech Republic and the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic. The president...

Word Count : 2817

Religion in the Czech Republic

Last Update:

Religion in the Czech Republic is varied, with a vast majority of the population (78%) being either irreligious (atheist, agnostic or other irreligious...

Word Count : 3474

Beer in the Czech Republic

Last Update:

Beer (Czech: pivo) has a long history in what is now the Czech Republic, with brewing taking place in Břevnov Monastery in 993. The city of Brno had the...

Word Count : 3171

Czech Republic and the euro

Last Update:

The Czech Republic is bound to adopt the euro in the future and to join the eurozone once it has satisfied the euro convergence criteria by the Treaty...

Word Count : 3581

Parliament of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

of the Czech Republic (Czech: Parlament České republiky) or just Parliament (Czech: Parlament) is the legislative body of the Czech Republic, seated...

Word Count : 282

Senate of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

The Senate (Czech: Senát Parlamentu České republiky), literally "Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic", is the upper house of the Parliament...

Word Count : 660

Prague

Last Update:

PRAHG; Czech: Praha [ˈpraɦa] (listen); German: Prag, pronounced [pʁaːk] (listen); Latin: Praga) is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, and...

Word Count : 12997

LGBT rights in the Czech Republic

Last Update:

The Czech Republic is often considered the most progressive former Eastern Bloc country in regards to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights...

Word Count : 3688

Czech and Slovak Federative Republic

Last Update:

Czechoslovakia adopted the official short-lived country name Czech and Slovak Federative Republic (Czech: Česká a Slovenská Federativní Republika, Slovak: Česká...

Word Count : 563

Prime Minister of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

prime minister of the Czech Republic (Czech: Předseda vlády České republiky) is the head of the government of the Czech Republic. The prime minister is...

Word Count : 356

Government of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

The Government of the Czech Republic (Czech: Vláda České republiky) exercises executive power in the Czech Republic. The members of the government are...

Word Count : 337

Telephone numbers in the Czech Republic

Last Update:

successor states, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, continued to share the 42 country code until 28 February 1997, with the Czech Republic then adopting 420...

Word Count : 708

List of prime ministers of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

ministers of the Czech Republic, a political office that was created in 1993 following the dissolution of Czechoslovakia. The Czech Republic is a parliamentary...

Word Count : 227

Politics of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

The Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary republic, in which the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government. Executive...

Word Count : 1881

Football Association of the Czech Republic

Last Update:

The Football Association of the Czech Republic (Czech: Fotbalová asociace České republiky; FAČR) or colloquially the Czech Football Association is the governing...

Word Count : 210

PDF Search Engine © AllGlobal.net