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Munich information

München (German)
Minga (Bavarian)
Stadtbild München.jpg
Schloss Nymphenburg Münich.jpg
Englischer Garten München.jpg
BMW Welt Night cropped.jpg
Feldherrnhalle - Odeonsplatz.jpg
Allianz arena golden hour Richard Bartz.jpg
From top, left to right:
Marienplatz with Neues Rathaus
and Frauenkirche in the background;

Nymphenburg Palace; Englischer Garten; BMW Welt; Feldherrnhalle; and Allianz Arena
Flag of Free State of Bavaria

Flag of Free State of Bavaria
Coat of arms of Munich
Location of Munich
Munich is located in Germany
Munich is located in Bavaria
Coordinates: 48°08′15″N 11°34′30″E / 48.13750°N 11.57500°E / 48.13750; 11.57500
Admin. regionUpper Bavaria
DistrictUrban district
First mentioned1158
25 boroughs
  • Altstadt-Lehel
  • Ludwigsvorstadt-Isarvorstadt
  • Maxvorstadt
  • Schwabing-West
  • Au-Haidhausen
  • Sendling
  • Sendling-Westpark
  • Schwanthalerhöhe
  • Neuhausen-Nymphenburg
  • Moosach
  • Milbertshofen-Am Hart
  • Schwabing-Freimann
  • Bogenhausen
  • Berg am Laim
  • Trudering-Riem
  • Ramersdorf-Perlach
  • Obergiesing
  • Untergiesing-Harlaching
  • Thalkirchen-Obersendling-Forstenried-Fürstenried-Solln
  • Hadern
  • Pasing-Obermenzing
  • Aubing-Lochhausen-Langwied
  • Allach-Untermenzing
  • Feldmoching-Hasenbergl
  • Laim
 • Lord mayor (2020–26) Dieter Reiter[1] (SPD)
 • Governing partiesGreens / SPD
 • City310.71 km2 (119.97 sq mi)
520 m (1,710 ft)
 • City1,487,708
 • Density4,800/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes089
Vehicle registrationM
Mariensäule at Marienplatz
Aerial view
Lion sculptures by Wilhelm von Rümann at the Feldherrnhalle
Alps behind the skyline

Munich (/ˈmjuːnɪk/ MEW-nik; German: München [ˈmʏnçn̩] (Munichlisten); Bavarian: Minga [ˈmɪŋ(ː)ɐ] (Munichlisten)) is the capital and most populous city of the German state of Bavaria. With a population of 1,558,395 inhabitants as of 31 July 2020,[4] it is the third-largest city in Germany, after Berlin and Hamburg, and thus the largest which does not constitute its own state, as well as the 11th-largest city in the European Union. The city's metropolitan region is home to 6 million people.[5] Straddling the banks of the River Isar (a tributary of the Danube) north of the Bavarian Alps, Munich is the seat of the Bavarian administrative region of Upper Bavaria, while being the most densely populated municipality in Germany (4,500 people per km2). Munich is the second-largest city in the Bavarian dialect area, after the Austrian capital of Vienna.

The city was first mentioned in 1158. Catholic Munich strongly resisted the Reformation and was a political point of divergence during the resulting Thirty Years' War, but remained physically untouched despite an occupation by the Protestant Swedes.[6] Once Bavaria was established as a sovereign kingdom in 1806, Munich became a major European centre of arts, architecture, culture and science. In 1918, during the German Revolution, the ruling house of Wittelsbach, which had governed Bavaria since 1180, was forced to abdicate in Munich and a short-lived socialist republic was declared. In the 1920s, Munich became home to several political factions, among them the NSDAP. After the Nazis' rise to power, Munich was declared their "Capital of the Movement". The city was heavily bombed during World War II, but has restored most of its traditional cityscape. After the end of postwar American occupation in 1949, there was a great increase in population and economic power during the years of Wirtschaftswunder, or "economic miracle". The city hosted the 1972 Summer Olympics and was one of the host cities of the 1974 and 2006 FIFA World Cups.

Today, Munich is a global centre of art, science, technology, finance, publishing, culture, innovation, education, business, and tourism and enjoys a very high standard and quality of living, reaching first in Germany and third worldwide according to the 2018 Mercer survey,[7] and being rated the world's most liveable city by the Monocle's Quality of Life Survey 2018.[8] Munich is consistently ranked as one of the most expensive cities in Germany in terms of real estate prices and rental costs.[9][10] According to the Globalization and World Rankings Research Institute, Munich is considered an alpha-world city, as of 2015.[11] It is one of the most prosperous[12] and fastest growing[13] cities in Germany. The city is home to more than 530,000 people of foreign background, making up 37.7% of its population.[14]

Munich's economy is based on high tech, automobiles, the service sector and creative industries, as well as IT, biotechnology, engineering and electronics among many other sectors. It has one of the strongest economies of any German city and the lowest unemployment rate of all cities in Germany with more than 1 million inhabitants. Munich is also one of the most attractive business locations in Germany. The city houses many multinational companies, such as BMW, Siemens, MAN, Allianz and MunichRE. In addition, Munich is home to two research universities, a multitude of scientific institutions, and world-renowned technology and science museums like the Deutsches Museum and BMW Museum.[15] Munich's numerous architectural and cultural attractions, sports events, exhibitions and its annual Oktoberfest, the world's largest Volksfest, attract considerable tourism.[16]

  1. ^ Liste der Oberbürgermeister in den kreisfreien Städten Archived 30 June 2021 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 18 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Daten und Fakten aus der Metropolregion München" [Data and facts about the Munich Metropolitan Region]. Europäische Metropolregion München e.V. Archived from the original on 20 June 2019. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Tabelle 12411-003r Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes: Gemeinden, Stichtag" (in German). Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik. June 2022.
  4. ^ Landeshauptstadt München, Redaktion. "Landeshauptstadt München – Bevölkerung". Landeshauptstadt München. Archived from the original on 19 February 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  5. ^ "The Munich Metropolitan Region" (in German). Europäische Metropolregion München e.V. Archived from the original on 31 May 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  6. ^ Englund, Peter (1993). Ofredsår. Stockholm: Atlantis.
  7. ^ "Quality of Living City Rankings". Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Munich Named The Most Livable City In The World". Forbes. 25 June 2018. Archived from the original on 3 July 2018. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  9. ^ Wille, Robin (15 July 2021). "Immobilien: Das sind die 10 teuersten Städte in Deutschland". Business Insider (in German). Retrieved 16 April 2022.
  10. ^ "Die 10 teuersten Städte Deutschlands 2020". (in German). Retrieved 16 April 2022.
  11. ^ "Alpha, Beta and Gamma cities (updated 2015)". Spotted by Locals. 11 March 2019. Archived from the original on 21 February 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
  12. ^ "Wo die reichsten und ärmsten Städte Deutschlands liegen". WirtschaftsWoche (in German). 19 April 2019. Archived from the original on 20 October 2020. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  13. ^ "Wo Deutschland schrumpft oder wächst". Spiegel Online (in German). 6 April 2019. Archived from the original on 21 October 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  14. ^ "Ausländeranteil in der Bevölkerung: In München ist die ganze Welt zu Hause – Abendzeitung München". March 2013. Archived from the original on 31 December 2015. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  15. ^ Boytchev, Hristio (2018). "A European heavyweight". Nature. 563 (7729): S14–S15. Bibcode:2018Natur.563S..14B. doi:10.1038/d41586-018-07208-0. PMID 30382228.
  16. ^ "Munich Travel Tourism Munich". Archived from the original on 14 February 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2016.

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