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Mary Wollstonecraft information

Mary Wollstonecraft
Left-looking half-length portrait of a woman in a white dress
Mary Wollstonecraft by John Opie, c. 1797
Born(1759-04-27)27 April 1759
Spitalfields, London, England
Died10 September 1797(1797-09-10) (aged 38)
Somers Town, London, England
Notable workA Vindication of the Rights of Woman
William Godwin
(m. 1797)
  • Henry Fuseli
  • Gilbert Imlay
  • Frances "Fanny" Imlay
  • Mary Shelley

Mary Wollstonecraft (/ˈwʊlstənkræft/, also UK: /-krɑːft/;[1] 27 April 1759 – 10 September 1797) was a British writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's rights.[2][3] Until the late 20th century, Wollstonecraft's life, which encompassed several unconventional personal relationships at the time, received more attention than her writing. Today Wollstonecraft is regarded as one of the founding feminist philosophers, and feminists often cite both her life and her works as important influences.

During her brief career, she wrote novels, treatises, a travel narrative, a history of the French Revolution, a conduct book, and a children's book. Wollstonecraft is best known for A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), in which she argues that women are not naturally inferior to men, but appear to be only because they lack education. She suggests that both men and women should be treated as rational beings and imagines a social order founded on reason.

After Wollstonecraft's death, her widower published a Memoir (1798) of her life, revealing her unorthodox lifestyle, which inadvertently destroyed her reputation for almost a century. However, with the emergence of the feminist movement at the turn of the twentieth century, Wollstonecraft's advocacy of women's equality and critiques of conventional femininity became increasingly important.

After two ill-fated affairs, with Henry Fuseli and Gilbert Imlay (by whom she had a daughter, Fanny Imlay), Wollstonecraft married the philosopher William Godwin, one of the forefathers of the anarchist movement. Wollstonecraft died at the age of 38 leaving behind several unfinished manuscripts. She died 11 days after giving birth to her second daughter, Mary Shelley, who would become an accomplished writer and the author of Frankenstein.

  1. ^ "Mary Wollstonecraft". Oxford Learner's Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  2. ^ "Mary Wollstonecraft: 'Britain's first feminist'". BBC Teach. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  3. ^ "Mary Wollstonecraft | The British Library". British Library. Retrieved 2 September 2022.

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Mary Wollstonecraft

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Mary Wollstonecraft (/ˈwʊlstənkræft/, also UK: /-krɑːft/; 27 April 1759 – 10 September 1797) was a British writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's...

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Mary Shelley

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Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (UK: /ˈwʊlstənkrɑːft/; née Godwin; 30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English novelist who wrote the Gothic novel Frankenstein;...

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A Sculpture for Mary Wollstonecraft

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Sculpture for Mary Wollstonecraft is a public sculpture commemorating the 18th-century feminist writer and advocate Mary Wollstonecraft in Newington Green...

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Timeline of Mary Wollstonecraft

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The lifetime of British writer, philosopher, and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft (1759–1797) encompassed most of the second half of the eighteenth century...

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Fanny Imlay

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known as Fanny Godwin and Frances Wollstonecraft, was the illegitimate daughter of the British feminist Mary Wollstonecraft and the American commercial speculator...

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A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

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women's rights advocate Mary Wollstonecraft (1759–1797), is one of the earliest works of feminist philosophy. In it, Wollstonecraft responds to those educational...

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Maggi Hambling

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the sculptures A Conversation with Oscar Wilde and A Sculpture for Mary Wollstonecraft in London, and the 4-metre-high steel Scallop on Aldeburgh beach...

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William Godwin

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feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft in 1797 and his candid biography of her after her death from childbirth. Their daughter, later known as Mary Shelley, would...

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Richard Price

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human soul. Price's opinions were Arian, Priestley's were Socinian. Mary Wollstonecraft moved her fledgling school for girls from Islington to Newington...

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Mary Shelley bibliography

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Hopkins University Press, 1995. ISBN 0-8018-5088-6. —. The Letters of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley. 3 vols. Ed. Betty T. Bennett. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University...

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Equality feminism

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dominant version of feminism following Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792). Wollstonecraft made the case that women's equality...

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A Vindication of the Rights of Men

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writer and women's rights advocate Mary Wollstonecraft, which attacks aristocracy and advocates republicanism. Wollstonecraft's was the first response in a...

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Memoirs of the Author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

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Rights of Woman (1798) is William Godwin's biography of his late wife Mary Wollstonecraft. Rarely published in the nineteenth century and sparingly even today...

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Thoughts on the Education of Daughters

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duties of life is the first published work of the British feminist Mary Wollstonecraft. Published in 1787 by her friend Joseph Johnson, Thoughts is a conduct...

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Claire Clairmont

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Mary Shelley, only eight months her senior, and his stepdaughter Fanny Imlay, a couple of years older. Both were the daughters of Mary Wollstonecraft...

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Mary Hays

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dissenting and radical thinkers of her time including Robert Robinson, Mary Wollstonecraft, William Godwin and William Frend. She was born in 1759, into a family...

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Percy Florence Shelley

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and his second wife, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, novelist and author of Frankenstein. He was the only child of Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley to live beyond...

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(1983): 194–213. Poovey, Mary. The Proper Lady and the Woman Writer: Ideology as Style in the Works of Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Shelley, and Jane Austen...

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Fanny Blood

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was an English illustrator and educator, and longtime friend of Mary Wollstonecraft. Blood was born in 1758, the daughter of Matthew Blood the Younger...

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William Blake

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philosopher Richard Price; artist John Henry Fuseli; early feminist Mary Wollstonecraft; and English-American revolutionary Thomas Paine. Along with William...

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Mary Jane Godwin

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William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft were moved to the Shelley family vault in Bournemouth, with the development of the nearby railway, Mary Jane's body was...

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Liberal feminism

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liberalism, as can be seen very clearly in the work of such feminists as Mary Wollstonecraft and John Stuart Mill, but feminists who took principles from that...

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criticize radical feminist positions as harmful to both men and women. Mary Wollstonecraft is seen by many as a founder of feminism due to her 1792 book titled...

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Christian Gotthilf Salzmann

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auspices of the liberal publisher Joseph Johnson. This was written by Mary Wollstonecraft, who began the work as a translation, but "made the stories English...

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Gilbert Imlay

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best known today for his brief affair with British feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft, which resulted in the birth of a daughter, Fanny Imlay. Little is...

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1788 novel by Mary Wollstonecraft Mary (HBC vessel), operated by the HBC from 1737–1749, see Hudson's Bay Company vessels USS Mary (SP-462), the proposed...

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Percy Bysshe Shelley

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fell in love with Mary, the sixteen-year-old daughter of Godwin and the late feminist author Mary Wollstonecraft. Shelley and Mary declared their love...

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