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Cairo information

Capital city
Cairo at night ..jpg
مسجد أحمد ابن طولون1.jpg
Muizz Street - Egypt.jpg
Kairo Midan Talaat Harb BW 2.jpg
Baron Palace.jpg
Flickr - HuTect ShOts - Citadel of Salah El.Din and Masjid Muhammad Ali قلعة صلاح الدين الأيوبي ومسجد محمد علي - Cairo - Egypt - 17 04 2010 (4).jpg
Cairo Opera House - panoramio.jpg
From top, left to right:
View of the Nile, Ibn Tulun Mosque, Muizz Street, Talaat Harb Square, Baron Empain Palace, Cairo Citadel, Cairo Opera House
Flag of Cairo
Official logo of Cairo
City of a Thousand Minarets
Cairo is located in Egypt
Location of Cairo within Egypt
Cairo is located in Arab world
Cairo (Arab world)
Cairo is located in Africa
Cairo (Africa)
Coordinates: 30°02′40″N 31°14′09″E / 30.04444°N 31.23583°E / 30.04444; 31.23583Coordinates: 30°02′40″N 31°14′09″E / 30.04444°N 31.23583°E / 30.04444; 31.23583
First major foundation641–642 AD (Fustat)
Last major foundation969 AD (Cairo)
 • GovernorKhaled Abdel Aal[2]
 • Metro
3,085.12 km2 (1,191.17 sq mi)
23 m (75 ft)
 • Capital city10,100,166 (2,022)[1]
 • Density3,274/km2 (8,480/sq mi)
 • Metro
21,381,869 (2,021)[5]
 • Demonym
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EST)
Area code(+20) 2
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameHistoric Cairo
Criteriai, v, vi
Reference no.89

Cairo (/ˈkr/ KY-roh; Arabic: القاهرة, romanized: al-Qāhirah, pronounced [ælˈqɑ(ː)heɾɑ]) is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world. The Greater Cairo metropolitan area, with a population of 21.3 million,[6][7][8][9] is the 2nd largest urban agglomeration in Africa, the largest in the Arab world and the Middle East, and the sixth-largest in the world by population. Cairo is associated with ancient Egypt, as the Giza pyramid complex and the ancient cities of Memphis and Heliopolis are located in its geographical area. Located near the Nile Delta,[10][11] the city first developed as Fustat, a settlement founded after the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 640 next to an existing ancient Roman fortress, Babylon. Under the Fatimid dynasty a new city, al-Qāhirah, was founded nearby in 969. It later superseded Fustat as the main urban centre during the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods (12th–16th centuries).[12] Cairo has long been a centre of the region's political and cultural life, and is titled "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture. Cairo's historic center was awarded World Heritage Site-status in 1979.[13] Cairo is considered a World City with a "Beta +" classification according to GaWC.[14]

Today, Cairo has the oldest and largest cinema and music industry in the Arab World, as well as the world's second-oldest institution of higher learning, Al-Azhar University. Many international media, businesses, and organizations have regional headquarters in the city; the Arab League has had its headquarters in Cairo for most of its existence.

With a population of over 10 million[15] spread over 453 km2 (175 sq mi), Cairo is by far the largest city in Egypt. An additional 9.5 million inhabitants live in close proximity to the city. Cairo, like many other megacities, suffers from high levels of pollution and traffic. The Cairo Metro, opened in 1987, is the oldest metro system in Africa,[16] and ranks amongst the fifteen busiest in the world,[17] with over 1 billion[18] annual passenger rides. The economy of Cairo was ranked first in the Middle East in 2005,[19] and 43rd globally on Foreign Policy's 2010 Global Cities Index.[20]

  1. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2022* (Theme: Census - pg.4)". Archived from the original on 2 November 2018. Retrieved 29 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Official Portal of Cairo Governorate". Archived from the original on 24 January 2021. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Density By Governorate 1/7/2020 - Area km2 (Theme: - pg.14)". Archived from the original on 2 November 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Total area km2, pg.15" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  5. ^ "EGYPT: Greater Cairo (Estimate 01-07-2021)". Archived from the original on 11 February 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2022.
  6. ^ "Cairo Population 2021 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs)". Archived from the original on 18 July 2021. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  7. ^ "Cairo, Egypt Metro Area Population 1950-2021". Archived from the original on 14 May 2021. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  8. ^ "Cairo, Egypt Population (2021) - Population Stat". Archived from the original on 13 August 2021. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  9. ^ "Cairo - "Al-Qahira"- is Egypt's capital and the largest city in the Middle East and Africa". Archived from the original on 21 October 2021. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  10. ^ Santa Maria Tours (4 September 2009). "Cairo – "Al-Qahira" – is Egypt's capital and the largest city in the Middle East and Africa". PRLog. Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  11. ^ "World's Densest Cities". Forbes. 21 December 2006. Archived from the original on 6 August 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
  12. ^ Raymond 1993, p. 83-85.
  13. ^ "Historic Cairo". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Archived from the original on 5 June 2017. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  14. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2016". Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Loughborough University. 24 April 2017. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  15. ^ Egypt In Figures 2017, Governorate level, Population distribution by sex, Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics, archived from the original (xls) on 24 January 2009, retrieved 9 July 2009. Adjusted census result, as Helwan governorate was created on 17 April 2008 from a.o.[clarification needed] parts of the Cairo governorate.
  16. ^ Transport and Communications
  17. ^ "Cairo's third metro line beats challenges". Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  18. ^ "Cairo Metro Statistics". Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  19. ^ "The 150 Richest Cities in the World by GDP in 2005". Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  20. ^ "The 2010 Global Cities Index". Archived from the original on 2 December 2014.

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Cairo (/ˈkaɪroʊ/ KY-roh; Arabic: القاهرة, romanized: al-Qāhirah, pronounced [ælˈqɑ(ː)heɾɑ]) is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world...

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Cairo Fernandes Santos (born 12 November 1991) is a Brazilian professional American football placekicker for the Chicago Bears of the National Football...

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The Greater Cairo Area (GCA; Arabic: القاهرة الكبرى, romanized: Al-Qāhira al-Kubrā) is the largest metropolitan area in Egypt, the largest urban area...

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Urbano Cairo (born 21 May 1957) is an Italian businessman and chairman of Torino F.C. Cairo is a native of Milan. His principal business interest is in...

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Air Cairo is a low-fare airline based in Cairo, Egypt. The airline is part owned by Egyptair. Air Cairo operates scheduled flights to the Middle East...

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Cairo International Airport

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Cairo International Airport (IATA: CAI, ICAO: HECA) (Arabic: مطار القاهرة الدولي; Maṭār El Qāhira El Dawly) is the principal international airport of...

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Cairo Communication

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Cairo Communication S.p.A. is an Italian media and publishing company based in Milan. The shares of the company float in Borsa Italiana. Urbano Cairo...

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Cairo University

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Cairo University (Arabic: جامعة القاهرة, romanized: Jāmi‘a al-Qāhira), also known as the Egyptian University from 1908 to 1940, and King Fuad I University...

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New Cairo

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southeastern edge of Cairo Governorate, 25 kilometres (15 mi) from Maadi. New Cairo is one of the new cities which have been built in and around Cairo to alleviate...

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Cairo Governorate

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Cairo Governorate (Arabic: Muhafazat al-Qahirah) is the most populated of the governorates of Egypt. Its capital, the city of Cairo, is the national capital...

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Cape to Cairo Railway

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The Cape to Cairo Railway was an unfinished project to create a railway line crossing Africa from south to north. It would have been the largest and most...

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Coordinates: 30°00′21″N 31°13′52″E / 30.0058°N 31.2310°E / 30.0058; 31.2310 The Cairo Geniza, alternatively spelled Genizah, is a collection of some 400,000 Jewish...

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Miguel Cairo

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Miguel Jesús Cairo [ki'-row] (born May 4, 1974), is a Venezuelan former professional baseball infielder and current bench coach - as well as acting manager...

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Cairo Time is a 2009 film by Canadian director Ruba Nadda. It is a romantic drama about a brief, unexpected love interest that catches two people completely...

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of Aqaba in the northeast separates Egypt from Jordan and Saudi Arabia. Cairo is the capital and largest city of Egypt, while Alexandria, the second-largest...

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USS Cairo

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USS Cairo /ˈkeɪroʊ/ is one of the first American ironclad warships built at the beginning of the U.S. Civil War. Cairo is the lead ship of the City-class...

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Cairo Metro

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The Cairo Metro (Arabic: مترو أنفاق القاهرة, romanized: Metro Anfāq al-Qāhirah, lit. "Cairo Tunnel Metro" or مترو الأنفاق  pronounced [ˈmetɾo lʔænˈfæːʔ])...

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The Cairo Gang was a group of British intelligence agents who were sent to Dublin during the Irish War of Independence to conduct intelligence operations...

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Cairo fire

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The Cairo fire (Arabic: حريق القاهرة), also known as Black Saturday, was a series of riots that took place on 26 January 1952, marked by the burning and...

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1943 Cairo Declaration

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The Cairo Declaration was the outcome of the Cairo Conference in Cairo, Egypt, on 27 November 1943. President Franklin Roosevelt of the United States,...

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Cairo Tower

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The Cairo Tower (Egyptian Arabic: برج القاهرة, Borg El-Qāhira) is a free-standing concrete tower in Cairo, Egypt. At 187 m (614 ft), it is the tallest...

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Islamic Cairo (Arabic: قاهرة المعز, lit. 'Al-Mu'izz's Cairo'), also called Historic Cairo or Medieval Cairo, refers generically to the historic areas...

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Cairo Declaration may refer to: 1943 Cairo Declaration, outline of the Allied position against Japan during World War II Cairo Declaration, from a 1964...

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has media related to Francesco Cairo. Francesco Cairo (26 September 1607 – 27 July 1665), also known as Francesco del Cairo, was an Italian Baroque painter...

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Africa, from Cape Town to Cairo, through the Cape to Cairo Red Line of British colonies. The proposal was similar to the Cape to Cairo Railway, another proposed...

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Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum or the Cairo Museum, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities...

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