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Cairo information


Cairo
القاهرة
Capital city
Cairo at night ..jpg
مسجد أحمد ابن طولون1.jpg
Muizz Street - Egypt.jpg
Kairo Midan Talaat Harb BW 2.jpg
Baron Palace.jpg
Flickr - HuTect ShOts - Citadel of Salah El.Din and Masjid Muhammad Ali قلعة صلاح الدين الأيوبي ومسجد محمد علي - Cairo - Egypt - 17 04 2010 (4).jpg
Cairo Opera House - panoramio.jpg
From top, left to right:
View of the Nile, Ibn Tulun Mosque, Muizz Street, Talaat Harb Square, Baron Empain Palace, Cairo Citadel, Cairo Opera House
Flag of Cairo
Official logo of Cairo
Nickname: 
City of a Thousand Minarets
Cairo is located in Egypt
Cairo
Cairo
Location of Cairo within Egypt
Cairo is located in Arab world
Cairo
Cairo
Cairo (Arab world)
Cairo is located in Africa
Cairo
Cairo
Cairo (Africa)
Coordinates: 30°02′40″N 31°14′09″E / 30.04444°N 31.23583°E / 30.04444; 31.23583Coordinates: 30°02′40″N 31°14′09″E / 30.04444°N 31.23583°E / 30.04444; 31.23583
CountryEgypt
GovernorateCairo
First major foundation641–642 AD (Fustat)
Last major foundation969 AD (Cairo)
Government
 • GovernorKhaled Abdel Aal[2]
Area
[a][3][4]
 • Metro
3,085.12 km2 (1,191.17 sq mi)
Elevation
23 m (75 ft)
Population
 (estimate)
 • Capital city10,100,166 (2,022)[1]
 • Density3,274/km2 (8,480/sq mi)
 • Metro
21,381,869 (2,021)[5]
 • Demonym
Cairene
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EST)
Area code(+20) 2
WebsiteCairo.gov.eg
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameHistoric Cairo
TypeCultural
Criteriai, v, vi
Designated1979
Reference no.89

Cairo (/ˈkr/ KY-roh; Arabic: القاهرة, romanized: al-Qāhirah, pronounced [ælˈqɑ(ː)heɾɑ]) is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world. The Greater Cairo metropolitan area, with a population of 21.3 million,[6][7][8][9] is the 2nd largest urban agglomeration in Africa, the largest in the Arab world and the Middle East, and the sixth-largest in the world by population. Cairo is associated with ancient Egypt, as the Giza pyramid complex and the ancient cities of Memphis and Heliopolis are located in its geographical area. Located near the Nile Delta,[10][11] the city first developed as Fustat, a settlement founded after the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 640 next to an existing ancient Roman fortress, Babylon. Under the Fatimid dynasty a new city, al-Qāhirah, was founded nearby in 969. It later superseded Fustat as the main urban centre during the Ayyubid and Mamluk periods (12th–16th centuries).[12] Cairo has long been a centre of the region's political and cultural life, and is titled "the city of a thousand minarets" for its preponderance of Islamic architecture. Cairo's historic center was awarded World Heritage Site-status in 1979.[13] Cairo is considered a World City with a "Beta +" classification according to GaWC.[14]

Today, Cairo has the oldest and largest cinema and music industry in the Arab World, as well as the world's second-oldest institution of higher learning, Al-Azhar University. Many international media, businesses, and organizations have regional headquarters in the city; the Arab League has had its headquarters in Cairo for most of its existence.

With a population of over 10 million[15] spread over 453 km2 (175 sq mi), Cairo is by far the largest city in Egypt. An additional 9.5 million inhabitants live in close proximity to the city. Cairo, like many other megacities, suffers from high levels of pollution and traffic. The Cairo Metro, opened in 1987, is the oldest metro system in Africa,[16] and ranks amongst the fifteen busiest in the world,[17] with over 1 billion[18] annual passenger rides. The economy of Cairo was ranked first in the Middle East in 2005,[19] and 43rd globally on Foreign Policy's 2010 Global Cities Index.[20]

  1. ^ "Population Estimates By Sex & Governorate 1/1/2022* (Theme: Census - pg.4)". Capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2 November 2018. Retrieved 29 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Official Portal of Cairo Governorate". Archived from the original on 24 January 2021. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Density By Governorate 1/7/2020 - Area km2 (Theme: - pg.14)". Capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original on 2 November 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Total area km2, pg.15" (PDF). Capmas.gov.eg. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2020.
  5. ^ "EGYPT: Greater Cairo (Estimate 01-07-2021)". Citypopulation.de. Archived from the original on 11 February 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2022.
  6. ^ "Cairo Population 2021 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs)". worldpopulationreview.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2021. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  7. ^ "Cairo, Egypt Metro Area Population 1950-2021". www.macrotrends.net. Archived from the original on 14 May 2021. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  8. ^ "Cairo, Egypt Population (2021) - Population Stat". populationstat.com. Archived from the original on 13 August 2021. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  9. ^ "Cairo - "Al-Qahira"- is Egypt's capital and the largest city in the Middle East and Africa". prlog.org. Archived from the original on 21 October 2021. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  10. ^ Santa Maria Tours (4 September 2009). "Cairo – "Al-Qahira" – is Egypt's capital and the largest city in the Middle East and Africa". PRLog. Archived from the original on 30 November 2011. Retrieved 10 December 2011.
  11. ^ "World's Densest Cities". Forbes. 21 December 2006. Archived from the original on 6 August 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
  12. ^ Raymond 1993, p. 83-85.
  13. ^ "Historic Cairo". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Archived from the original on 5 June 2017. Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  14. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2016". Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Loughborough University. 24 April 2017. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2017.
  15. ^ Egypt In Figures 2017, Governorate level, Population distribution by sex, Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics, archived from the original (xls) on 24 January 2009, retrieved 9 July 2009. Adjusted census result, as Helwan governorate was created on 17 April 2008 from a.o.[clarification needed] parts of the Cairo governorate.
  16. ^ Transport and Communications
  17. ^ "Cairo's third metro line beats challenges". Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  18. ^ "Cairo Metro Statistics". Archived from the original on 23 March 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  19. ^ "The 150 Richest Cities in the World by GDP in 2005". Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  20. ^ "The 2010 Global Cities Index". Archived from the original on 2 December 2014.


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