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Bahia information


Bahia
State
Estado da Bahia
State of Bahia
Flag of Bahia
Coat of arms of Bahia
Motto(s): 
Per ardua surgo (Latin)
"I rise through the hardship"
Anthem: Hino da Bahia [pt]
Location of State of Bahia in Brazil
Location of State of Bahia in Brazil
Coordinates: 12°S 41°W / 12°S 41°W / -12; -41
CountryBahia Brazil
Capital and largest citySalvador
Government
 • GovernorJerônimo Rodrigues (PT)
 • Vice GovernorGeraldo Júnior (MDB)
 • SenatorsAngelo Coronel (PSD)
Jaques Wagner (PT)
Otto Alencar (PSD)
Area
 • Total565,733 km2 (218,431 sq mi)
 • Rank5th
Population
 (2022)[1]
 • Total14,141,626
 • Rank4th
 • Density25/km2 (65/sq mi)
  • Rank15th
DemonymBaiano
GDP
 • Year2011 estimate
 • TotalUS$ 78,127,000,000 (6th)
 • Per capitaUS$ 4,854 (20th)
HDI
 • Year2021
 • Category0.691[2]medium (22nd)
Time zoneUTC−03:00 (BRT)
Postal code
40000-000 to 48990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-BA
Websitewww.bahia.ba.gov.br

Bahia (Portuguese: [bɐˈiɐ] , [ba-]; meaning "bay") is one of the 26 states of Brazil, located in the Northeast Region of the country. It is the fourth-largest Brazilian state by population (after São Paulo, Minas Gerais, and Rio de Janeiro) and the 5th-largest by area. Bahia's capital is the city of Salvador (formerly known as "Cidade do São Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos", literally "City of the Saint Savior of the Bay of All the Saints"), on a spit of land separating the Bay of All Saints from the Atlantic. Once a monarchial stronghold dominated by agricultural, slaving, and ranching interests, Bahia is now a predominantly working-class industrial and agricultural state. The state is home to 7% of the Brazilian population[4] and produces 4.2% of the country's GDP.[5][6][7][8][9]

  1. ^ "População residente, total, urbana total e urbana na sede municipal, em números absolutos e relativos, com indicação da área total e densidade demográfica, segundo as Unidades da Federação e os municípios". Censo Demográfico (in Portuguese). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. 2010. Archived from the original on 2021-06-02. Retrieved 2021-05-31.
  2. ^ "Atlas do Desenvolvimento Humano no Brasil. Pnud Brasil, Ipea e FJP, 2022". www.atlasbrasil.org.br. Retrieved 2023-06-11.
  3. ^ "Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística". IBGE. 2012-08-31. Archived from the original on 22 July 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  4. ^ "Estimativa da população do Brasil passa de 210 milhões, diz IBGE". Agência Brasil. Aug 28, 2019. Archived from the original on August 19, 2020. Retrieved Aug 5, 2020.
  5. ^ "Produto Interno Bruto - PIB | IBGE". www.ibge.gov.br. Archived from the original on August 15, 2020. Retrieved Aug 5, 2020.
  6. ^ "quais são os 15 Estados mais ricos do Brasil". 15 December 2019. Archived from the original on 2021-02-14. Retrieved 2021-03-20.
  7. ^ "Economist' compara economia de Estados do Brasil com países". Archived from the original on 2021-01-24. Retrieved 2021-03-20.
  8. ^ "dos estados e cidades do Brasil". Archived from the original on 2021-06-25. Retrieved 2021-03-20.
  9. ^ "dos estados do Brasil". Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-09-18. Retrieved 2021-03-20.

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