The industry has been booming with new advances in deep learning over the last few years. From developing new models to implementing existing tools for larger projects, AI has exploded with billions of dollars invested. While the hype is well-deserved, some still feel that the golden age may not last forever.
Will Deep Learning die? Let’s take a look at some of the key problems that deep learning systems are facing. These include: The inability to recognize outliers (a person holding a stop sign), poor performance with large datasets, and the reliance on images to train AI.
One common problem with deep learning models is that they are not capable of reasoning. Reasoning includes applying the scientific method, programming, and long-term planning. Deep neural networks can’t learn to read product descriptions, much less write them, and most applications aren’t represented in this way. However, they can learn to manipulate data and perform basic calculations. This way, they can solve problems without human intervention. And because of this, deep learning is often called a “killer app” that’s not ready for prime time yet.
The hope behind deep learning is that it can eventually create intelligent behavior from massive data sets. While classical computers define rules based on symbols, deep learning tries to learn through example and statistical approximation. While Hinton has tried to push his model, there’s a deep grudge to be put to rest. He’s also trying to ban symbols from AI. And he may be right. The hope for AI in the future is based on a historical grudge.
The AI/ML community has to acknowledge two fundamental facts about deep learning. It’s not enough to minimize error on a training dataset. The true test of a scientific theory isn’t accuracy over a fixed dataset; it must have insight. That’s why architectures will eventually give way to better frameworks. So will deep learning die? And what will happen to its commercial applications? This answer is far from simple.
It might be that deep learning has reached its peak. It’s no surprise that the technology industry has seen some disruptions in the field. A decade ago, the artificial intelligence industry saw an enormous uptick in the number of papers published on arXiv, an open-access repository where researchers publish their research. This has given rise to new methods of machine learning, and it could be that deep learning is soon to follow suit.
There is a clear difference between rule-based AI and deep learning. Rule-based AI is largely focused on learning new things, while deep learning relies on data without preprogrammed rules. The goal of deep learning is to create algorithms that mimic human learning processes. This is the best way to train a computer to recognize a face or object without relying on human labor. However, traditional machine learning methods require human interaction to preprocess the data.
In government, deep learning algorithms can be used to detect fraud and improve land and water management. They can also help the government understand citizen preferences and make infrastructure more cost-effective. In short, deep learning algorithms can help governments solve complex problems. And they can improve security. While it might seem like the future is already here, many companies are already using deep learning algorithms for medical research. Further, deep learning algorithms are being used for disease prevention, guided drug development, and natural language processing, especially for the filling of free-text clinical notes in EHRs.
As the volume of data generated daily grows, so has the amount of data required to train deep learning algorithms. In recent years, the amount of data created is estimated at 2.6 quintillion bytes. Hence, an increase in the amount of data created daily helps deep learning algorithms. Additionally, the availability of AI as a service (AIaaS) software allows smaller organisations to utilize AI technology. However, there is a huge need for more data in order to train deep learning algorithms.
Despite these challenges, deep learning algorithms are becoming indispensable for manufacturers to deliver high-quality products faster and at lower costs. This makes many companies use computer-aided engineering to reduce the time, expense, and materials needed for prototyping. Further, deep learning can model complex patterns in multidimensional data. These models can also identify out-of-pattern behavior fast, automate back-office operations, and even advise on financial products.