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Thuringia information

Free State of Thuringia
Freistaat Thüringen (German)
Flag of Free State of Thuringia
Coat of arms of Free State of Thuringia
Coordinates: 50°51′40″N 11°3′7″E / 50.86111°N 11.05194°E / 50.86111; 11.05194
 • BodyLandtag of Thuringia
 • Minister-PresidentBodo Ramelow (The Left)
 • Governing partiesThe Left / SPD / Greens
 • Bundesrat votes4 (of 69)
 • Bundestag seats19 (of 736)
 • Total16,171 km2 (6,244 sq mi)
 • Total2,120,237
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeDE-TH
GRP (nominal)€64 billion (2019)[2]
GRP per capita€30,000 (2019)
HDI (2018)0.928[3]
very high · 12th of 16

Thuringia (English: /θəˈrɪniə/; German: Thüringen [ˈtyːʁɪŋən] ), officially the Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen [ˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈtyːʁɪŋən]), is a state of central Germany, covering 16,171 square kilometres (6,244 sq mi), the sixth smallest of the sixteen German states. It has a population of about 2.1 million.[4]

Erfurt is the capital and largest city. Other cities are Jena, Gera and Weimar. Thuringia is bordered by Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony. It has been known as "the green heart of Germany" (das grüne Herz Deutschlands) from the late 19th century due to its broad, dense forest.[5] Most of Thuringia is in the Saale drainage basin, a left-bank tributary of the Elbe.

Thuringia is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's best-known hiking trail. Its winter resort of Oberhof makes it a well-equipped winter sports destination – half of Germany's 136 Winter Olympic gold medals had been won by Thuringian athletes as of 2014.[6] Thuringia was favoured by or was the birthplace of three key intellectuals and leaders in the arts: Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and Friedrich Schiller. The state has the University of Jena, the Ilmenau University of Technology, the University of Erfurt, and the Bauhaus University of Weimar.

Thuringia had an earlier existence as the Frankish Duchy of Thuringia, established around 631 AD by King Dagobert I. The state was established in 1920 as a state of the Weimar Republic from a merger of the Ernestine duchies, save for Saxe-Coburg. After World War II, Thuringia came under the Soviet occupation zone in Allied-occupied Germany, and its borders were reformed, to become contiguous. Thuringia became part of the German Democratic Republic in 1949; however, it dissolved in 1952 during administrative reforms, to be divided into the Districts of Erfurt, Suhl and Gera. Thuringia was re-established in 1990 following German reunification, slightly re-drawn, and became one of the new states of the Federal Republic of Germany.

  1. ^ "Upps".
  2. ^ "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – 1991 bis 2019".
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik". Retrieved 2021-07-21.
  5. ^ Verein Fur Naturkunde, Kassel (2009-07-30). A. Trinius (1898). Retrieved 2014-02-21.
  6. ^ "Thüringen - Training Grounds for Olympic Athletes". Archived from the original on February 22, 2008.

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Thuringia (English: /θəˈrɪndʒiə/; German: Thüringen [ˈtyːʁɪŋən] ), officially the Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen [ˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈtyːʁɪŋən])...

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Basina of Thuringia

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Basina or Basine (c. 438 – 477) was remembered as a queen of Thuringia in the middle of the fifth century, by much later authors such as especially Gregory...

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Margaret of Thuringia

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Margaret of Thuringia or Margaret of Saxony (1449 – 13 July 1501) was a German noblewoman, Electress of Brandenburg by marriage. She was the daughter...

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Elizabeth of Hungary

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1231), also known as Elisabeth of Thuringia, was a princess of the Kingdom of Hungary and the landgravine of Thuringia in Germany. Elizabeth was married...

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Conrad of Thuringia

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(German: Konrad von Thüringen; c. 1206 – 24 July 1240) was the landgrave of Thuringia from 1231 to 1234 and the fifth Grand Master of the Teutonic Order from...

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Landtag of Thuringia

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The Landtag of Thuringia is the parliament of the German federal state of Thuringia. It convenes in Erfurt and currently consists of 90 members from seven...

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SS Thuringia

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the name Thuringia. SS Thuringia (1869), sold in 1878 to Russia SS Thuringia (1880), abandoned in 1897, later sold by underwriters SS Thuringia (1904),...

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Flag of Thuringia

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of the German state of Thuringia feature a bicolour of white over red. Introduced with the formation of the state of Thuringia within the Weimar Republic...

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Duchy of Thuringia

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The Duchy of Thuringia was an eastern frontier march of the Merovingian kingdom of Austrasia, established about 631 by King Dagobert I after his troops...

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Henry Raspe

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(German: Heinrich Raspe; c. 1204 – 16 February 1247) was the Landgrave of Thuringia from 1231 until 1239 and again from 1241 until his death. In 1246, with...

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Weimar is a city in the state of Thuringia, Germany. It is located in Central Germany between Erfurt in the west and Jena in the east, approximately 80 km...

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Coat of arms of Thuringia

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The coat of arms of the German state of Thuringia was introduced in 1990. Like the 1949 coat of arms of Hesse it is based on the Ludovingian lion barry...

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Jutta of Thuringia

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Jutta of Thuringia (1184 – 6 August 1235) was the eldest daughter of Landgrave Hermann I of Thuringia and his first wife, Sophia of Sommerschenburg, a...

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South Thuringia

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South Thuringia (German: Südthüringen) refers to all the Franconia regions in the German Free State of Thuringia south of the Rennsteig and the Salzbogen...

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Sophia of Wittelsbach

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his wife Agnes of Loon. In 1196, Sophia married Landgrave Hermann I of Thuringia; she was his second wife. They had the following children: Irmgard (b...

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Alliance for Thuringia

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Alliance for Thuringia (German: Bündnis für Thüringen, BfT) is a electoral alliance for the upcoming 2024 Thuringian state election. In the 2019 Thuringian...

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List of towns and municipalities in Thuringia

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list of the towns, cities and municipalities in Thuringia in Germany. The German federal state of Thuringia consists of a total of 631 politically independent...

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States of Germany

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called Flächenländer ("area states") and include Bavaria, Saxony, and Thuringia which describe themselves as Freistaaten ("free states"). The Federal...

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largest city in Thuringia. Together with the nearby cities of Erfurt and Weimar, it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately...

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