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Thuringia information


Free State of Thuringia
Freistaat Thüringen (German)
State
Flag of Free State of Thuringia
Coat of arms of Free State of Thuringia
Locator map Thuringia in Germany.svg
Coordinates: 50°51′40″N 11°3′7″E / 50.86111°N 11.05194°E / 50.86111; 11.05194
CountryGermany
CapitalErfurt
Government
 • BodyLandtag of Thuringia
 • Minister-PresidentBodo Ramelow (The Left)
 • Governing partiesThe Left / SPD / Greens
 • Bundesrat votes4 (of 69)
 • Bundestag seats19 (of 736)
Area
 • Total16,171 km2 (6,244 sq mi)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[1]
 • Total2,120,237
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
DemonymThuringian
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeDE-TH
NUTS RegionDEG
GRP (nominal)€64 billion (2019)[2]
GRP per capita€30,000 (2019)
HDI (2018)0.928[3]
very high · 12th of 16
Websitethueringen.de
Map
Map

Thuringia (English: /θəˈrɪniə/; German: Thüringen [ˈtyːʁɪŋən] (Thuringialisten)), officially the Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen [ˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈtyːʁɪŋən]), is a state of central Germany, covering 16,171 square kilometres (6,244 sq mi), the sixth smallest of the sixteen German states. It has a population of about 2.1 million.[4]

Erfurt is the capital and largest city. Other cities are Jena, Gera and Weimar. Thuringia is bordered by Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony. It has been known as "the green heart of Germany" (das grüne Herz Deutschlands) from the late 19th century due to its broad, dense forest.[5] Most of Thuringia is in the Saale drainage basin, a left-bank tributary of the Elbe.

Thuringia is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's best-known hiking trail. Its winter resort of Oberhof makes it a well-equipped winter sports destination – half of Germany's 136 Winter Olympic gold medals had been won by Thuringian athletes as of 2014.[6] Thuringia was favoured by or was the birthplace of three key intellectuals and leaders in the arts: Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and Friedrich Schiller. The state has the University of Jena, the Ilmenau University of Technology, the University of Erfurt, and the Bauhaus University of Weimar.

Thuringia had an earlier existence as the Frankish Duchy of Thuringia, established around 631 AD by King Dagobert I. The state was established in 1920 as a state of the Weimar Republic from a merger of the Ernestine duchies, save for Saxe-Coburg. After World War II, Thuringia came under the Soviet occupation zone in Allied-occupied Germany, and its borders were reformed, to become contiguous. Thuringia became part of the German Democratic Republic in 1949 but was dissolved in 1952 during administrative reforms, to be divided into the Districts of Erfurt, Suhl and Gera. Thuringia was re-established in 1990 following German reunification, slightly re-drawn, and became one of the new states of the Federal Republic of Germany.

  1. ^ "Upps".
  2. ^ "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – 1991 bis 2019". statistik-bw.de.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik". statistik.thueringen.de. Retrieved 2021-07-21.
  5. ^ Verein Fur Naturkunde, Kassel (2009-07-30). A. Trinius (1898). Retrieved 2014-02-21.
  6. ^ "Thüringen - Training Grounds for Olympic Athletes". Archived from the original on February 22, 2008.

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Thuringia

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Thuringia (English: /θəˈrɪndʒiə/; German: Thüringen [ˈtyːʁɪŋən] (listen)), officially the Free State of Thuringia (Freistaat Thüringen [ˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈtyːʁɪŋən])...

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Basina or Basine (c. 438 – 477) was remembered as a queen of Thuringia in the middle of the fifth century, by much later authors such as especially Gregory...

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Margaret of Thuringia or Margaret of Saxony (1449 – 13 July 1501) was a German noblewoman, Electress of Brandenburg by marriage. She was the daughter...

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the name Thuringia. SS Thuringia (1869), sold in 1878 to Russia SS Thuringia (1880), abandoned in 1897, later sold by underwriters SS Thuringia (1904),...

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The Duchy of Thuringia was an eastern frontier march of the Merovingian kingdom of Austrasia, established about 631 by King Dagobert I after his troops...

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of the German state of Thuringia feature a bicolour of white over red. Introduced with the formation of the state of Thuringia within the Weimar Republic...

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The Landtag of Thuringia is the parliament of the German federal state of Thuringia. It convenes in Erfurt and currently consists of 90 members from six...

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list of the towns, cities and municipalities in Thuringia in Germany. The German federal state of Thuringia consists of a total of 631 politically independent...

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Saint Elizabeth of Thuringia, or Saint Elisabeth of Thuringia, was a princess of the Kingdom of Hungary and the landgravine of Thuringia in Germany. Elizabeth...

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Weimar

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Weimar is a city in the state of Thuringia, Germany. It is located in Central Germany between Erfurt in the west and Jena in the east, approximately 80 km...

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South Thuringia

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South Thuringia (German: Südthüringen) refers to all the Franconia regions in the German Free State of Thuringia south of the Rennsteig and the Salzbogen...

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Conrad of Thuringia

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(German: Konrad von Thüringen; c. 1206 – 24 July 1240) was the landgrave of Thuringia from 1231 to 1234 and the fifth Grand Master of the Teutonic Order from...

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Christian of Thuringia

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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Find sources: "Christian of Thuringia" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (August 2022) (Learn how...

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Coat of arms of Thuringia

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The coat of arms German state Thuringia was introduced in 1990. Like the 1949 coat of arms of Hesse it is based on the Ludovingian lion barry, also known...

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Jutta of Thuringia

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Jutta of Thuringia (1184 – 6 August 1235) was the eldest daughter of Landgrave Hermann I of Thuringia and his first wife, Sophia of Sommerschenburg, a...

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Jena

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largest city in Thuringia. Together with the nearby cities of Erfurt and Weimar, it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately...

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Sophia of Wittelsbach

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his wife Agnes of Loon. In 1196, Sophia married Landgrave Hermann I of Thuringia; she was his second wife. They had the following children: Irmgard (b...

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States of Germany

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called Flächenländer ("area states") and include Bavaria, Saxony, and Thuringia which describe themselves as Freistaaten ("free states"). The Federal...

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Henry Raspe

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(German: Heinrich Raspe; c. 1204 – 16 February 1247) was the Landgrave of Thuringia from 1231 until 1239 and again from 1241 until his death. In 1246, with...

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