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Temuco information


Temuco
City and Commune
View of Temuco from Cerro Ñielol
View of Temuco from Cerro Ñielol


Coat of arms
Map of Temuco commune in Araucanía Region
Temuco is located in Chile
Temuco
Temuco
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 38°44′S 72°40′W / 38.733°S 72.667°W / -38.733; -72.667
CountryTemuco Chile
RegionAraucanía
ProvinceCautín
Founded24 February 1881
Government
[1][2]
 • TypeMunicipality
 • AlcaldeRoberto Neira Aburto (PPD)
Area
[3]
 • Total464.0 km2 (179.2 sq mi)
Elevation
360 m (1,180 ft)
Population
 (2012 Census)[3]
 • Total262,530
 • Density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Urban
232,528
 • Rural
12,819
DemonymTemucan
Sex
[3]
 • Men117,381
 • Women128,348
Time zoneUTC−4 (CLT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−3 (CLST)
Area code56 + 45
ClimateCfb
WebsiteOfficial website (in Spanish)

Temuco (Spanish pronunciation: [teˈmuko]) is a city and commune, capital of the Cautín Province and of the Araucanía Region in southern Chile. The city is located 670 kilometres (416 miles) south of Santiago. The city grew out from a fort of the same name established in 1881 during Chile's invasion of Araucanía.[4] Temuco lies in the middle of the historic Araucanía, a traditional land of the indigenous Mapuche.

Temuco's central place in Araucanía with easy access to the Andean valleys, lakes and coastal areas makes it a hub for tourism, agricultural, livestock and forestry operations as well as a communication and trade centre for the numerous small towns of Araucanía. Temuco has recently been regarded as a university city as it houses two large universities: University of the Frontier and Temuco Catholic University. Nobel laureates Gabriela Mistral and Pablo Neruda both lived in Temuco for some time.

  1. ^ "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 31 December 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  2. ^ "Municipality of Temuco" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 31 December 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  3. ^ a b c "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 6 January 2019. Retrieved 13 December 2010.
  4. ^ Bengoa, José (2000). Historia del pueblo mapuche: Siglos XIX y XX (Seventh ed.). LOM Ediciones. pp. 280–281. ISBN 956-282-232-X.

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