Global Information Lookup Global Information

Tbilisi information

Capital city
2014 Tbilisi, Widoki z Twierdzy Narikala (36).jpg
2014 Tbilisi, Pomnik Wolności z konnym posągiem świętego Jerzego (07).jpg
Tbilisi IMG 8850 1920.jpg
Top to bottom:
View of Tbilisi from the right bank of the Kura River,
Monument of St. George on Freedom Square,
View of the Narikala Fortress from the left bank of Kura
Flag of Tbilisi
Official seal of Tbilisi
Tbilisi is located in Tbilisi
Tbilisi is located in Georgia
Tbilisi is located in Caucasus mountains
Coordinates: 41°43′21″N 44°47′33″E / 41.72250°N 44.79250°E / 41.72250; 44.79250Coordinates: 41°43′21″N 44°47′33″E / 41.72250°N 44.79250°E / 41.72250; 44.79250
CountryTbilisi Georgia
EstablishedAD 455[2]
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyTbilisi Sakrebulo
 • MayorKakha Kaladze (GD)[3]
 • Capital city504.2 km2 (194.7 sq mi)
 • Metro
726 km2 (280 sq mi)
Highest elevation
770 m (2,530 ft)
Lowest elevation
380 m (1,250 ft)
 • Capital city1,202,731[1]
 • Density3,194.38/km2 (8,273.4/sq mi)
 • Metro
Tbiliseli (In Georgian)
Population by ethnicity[5]
 • Georgians89.9 %
 • Armenians4.8 %
 • Azerbaijanis1.4 %
 • Russians1.2 %
 • Yazidis1.0 %
 • Others1.7 %
Time zoneUTC+4 (Georgian Time)
Area code+995 32
 – TotalGEL24.9bil.
 – Per capita$6,700
HDI (2019)0.834[7]very high

Tbilisi (English: /təbɪˈlsi, təˈbɪlɪsi/ tə-bil-EE-see, tə-BIL-iss-ee;[8] Georgian: თბილისი Georgian pronunciation: [tʰbilisi]), in some languages still known by its pre-1936 name Tiflis[a] (/ˈtɪflɪs/ TIF-liss),[8] is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population of approximately 1.5 million people. Tbilisi was founded in the 5th century AD by Vakhtang I of Iberia, and since then has served as the capital of various Georgian kingdoms and republics. Between 1801 and 1917, then part of the Russian Empire, Tiflis was the seat of the Caucasus Viceroyalty, governing both the northern and the southern parts of the Caucasus.

Because of its location on the crossroads between Europe and Asia, and its proximity to the lucrative Silk Road, throughout history Tbilisi was a point of contention among various global powers. The city's location to this day ensures its position as an important transit route for energy and trade projects. Tbilisi's history is reflected in its architecture, which is a mix of medieval, neoclassical, Beaux Arts, Art Nouveau, Stalinist and the Modern structures.

Historically, Tbilisi has been home to people of multiple cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds, though it is overwhelmingly Eastern Orthodox Christian. Its notable tourist destinations include cathedrals Sameba and Sioni, Freedom Square, Rustaveli Avenue and Agmashenebeli Avenue, medieval Narikala Fortress, the pseudo-Moorish Opera Theater, and the Georgian National Museum. The climate in Tbilisi mostly ranges from 20 to 32 °C (68 to 90 °F) in the summer and −1 to 7 °C (30 to 45 °F) in the winter.

  1. ^ "Population by regions". National Statistics Office of Georgia. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  2. ^ კონსპექტი საქართველოს ისტორიიდან შედგენილი ა. ქუთათელაძისგან Archived 5 February 2021 at the Wayback Machine. რვეული I. თბილისი, სტამბა წიგნების გამომცემელ ქართველთა ამხანაგობისა, 1900. გვერდი 38.
  3. ^ "Mayor of Tbilisi". Tbilisi City Hall. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Statistics of Tbilisi Region". National Statistics Office of Georgia. Archived from the original on 28 May 2021. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Ethnic composition of Georgia 2014". Archived from the original on 20 December 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2022.
  6. ^ "Სტატისტიკური ინფორმაცია საქართველოს რეგიონების მიხედვით". Archived from the original on 12 June 2020. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  7. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab". Archived from the original on 14 September 2021. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  8. ^ a b Jones, Daniel (2011). Roach, Peter; Setter, Jane; Esling, John (eds.). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15255-6.

Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).

and 41 Related for: Tbilisi information

Request time (Page generated in 0.1641 seconds.)


Last Update:

Tbilisi (English: /təbɪˈliːsi, təˈbɪlɪsi/ tə-bil-EE-see, tə-BIL-iss-ee; Georgian: თბილისი Georgian pronunciation: [tʰbilisi]), in some languages still...

Word Count : 10097

Seal of Tbilisi

Last Update:

The emblem of the City of Tbilisi, Georgia, was designed in the late 1980s and reconfirmed as an official seal of the city on 8 June 2005. It is a traditional...

Word Count : 149

Tbilisi sea

Last Update:

The Tbilisi sea (Georgian: თბილისის ზღვა) or Tbilisi reservoir (თბილისის წყალსაცავი) is an artificial lake in the vicinity of Tbilisi that serves as a...

Word Count : 187

Tbilisi International Airport

Last Update:

Shota Rustaveli Tbilisi International Airport (Georgian: თბილისის შოთა რუსთაველის სახელობის საერთაშორისო აეროპორტი) (IATA: TBS, ICAO: UGTB), formerly...

Word Count : 1679

Tbilisi Metro

Last Update:

The Tbilisi Metro (Georgian: თბილისის მეტროპოლიტენი) is a rapid transit system in the Georgian capital Tbilisi. Opened on 11 January 1966, it was the fourth...

Word Count : 1768

Old Tbilisi

Last Update:

Old Tbilisi (Georgian: ძველი თბილისი, dzveli t'bilisi) was an administrative district (raioni) in Tbilisi, capital of Georgia, from 2007 to 2013. Although...

Word Count : 540

FC Dinamo Tbilisi

Last Update:

FC Dinamo Tbilisi (Georgian: დინამო თბილისი, pronounced [dinɑmɔ tʰbilisi]) is a Georgian professional football club based in Tbilisi, Georgia, that competes...

Word Count : 3464

Mayor of Tbilisi

Last Update:

The Mayor of Tbilisi is an elected politician in Tbilisi. Before 2005 the mayors used to be appointed by the central government. In 2006 first mayoral...

Word Count : 280

Tbilisi State Medical University

Last Update:

Tbilisi State Medical University (TSMU) (Georgian: თბილისის სახელმწიფო სამედიცინო უნივერსიტეტი (თსსუ)) is a leading medical university in Tbilisi, Georgia...

Word Count : 407

Flag of Tbilisi

Last Update:

The flag of Tbilisi, capital of Georgia, is a rectangular white banner with a blue Nordic-type cross outlined in amber that extends to edges of the flag...

Word Count : 77

Siege of Tbilisi

Last Update:

Siege of Tbilisi may refer to: Siege of Tbilisi (1122), successful siege of the city of Tbilisi, capital of the Emirate of Tbilisi, by the Georgians under...

Word Count : 89

Emirate of Tbilisi

Last Update:

The Emirs of Tbilisi (Georgian: თბილისის საამირო t’bilisis saamiro, Arabic: إمارة تفليسي Imārat Tiflisi) ruled over the parts of today's eastern Georgia...

Word Count : 820

Mega Tbilisi

Last Update:

Mega Tbilisi is a Georgian basketball club based in Tbilisi. The team plays in the Georgian Superliga, since it was promoted in the 2020–21 season. Georgian...

Word Count : 82

2015 Tbilisi flood

Last Update:

valley in Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, on the night of 13 to 14 June 2015. It resulted in at least 20 human deaths and struck the Tbilisi Zoo, leaving...

Word Count : 1258

History of Tbilisi

Last Update:

The history of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, dates back to at least the 5th century AD. Since its foundation by the monarch of Georgia's ancient precursor...

Word Count : 2992

Timeline of Tbilisi

Last Update:

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Tbilisi, Georgia. 4th C. CE – Narikala Fortress built. c. 517 – First Sasanian officials with...

Word Count : 1820

FC Locomotive Tbilisi

Last Update:

FC Locomotive Tbilisi is a Georgian football club from the capital, Tbilisi. During the existence of the USSR the club was a part of the Lokomotiv Voluntary...

Word Count : 349

Tbilisi Zoo

Last Update:

The Tbilisi Zoological Park (Georgian: თბილისის ზოოლოგიური პარკი, t'bilisis zoologiuri parki) is the oldest and largest zoo in Georgia, in the country's...

Word Count : 610

Tbilisi State University

Last Update:

Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University (Georgian: ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტი Ivane Javaxishvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmts'ipo...

Word Count : 2910

Tbilisi Aircraft Manufacturing

Last Update:

Tbilisi Aircraft Manufacturing (TAM), also known as JSC Tbilaviamsheni (formerly known as 31st aviation factory), is a Georgian aerospace development...

Word Count : 663

FC Tbilisi

Last Update:

FC Tbilisi was a Georgian football team based in the capital, Tbilisi. The club were played their home games at Olimpi Stadium. FC Tbilisi were renamed...

Word Count : 196

Armenians in Tbilisi

Last Update:

main ethnic groups in the city of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia. Armenians are the largest ethnic minority in Tbilisi at 4.8% of the population. Armenians...

Word Count : 1933

Tbilisi Spiritual Seminary

Last Update:

Tbilisi Spiritual Seminary (Georgian: თბილისის სასულიერო სემინარია; Russian: Тбили́сская духо́вная семина́рия) is a spiritual training institution, which...

Word Count : 209

Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi

Last Update:

The Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi (Georgian: თბილისის წმინდა სამების საკათედრო ტაძარი Tbilisis cminda samebis sakatedro tadzari), commonly known as...

Word Count : 1325

Tbilisi City Assembly

Last Update:

The Tbilisi Sakrebulo (Georgian: თბილისის საკრებულო, romanized: tbilisis sak'rebulo) is a representative body in the city government of Tbilisi, Georgia...

Word Count : 496

Tbilisi State Conservatoire

Last Update:

Tbilisi State Conservatoire (Georgian: თბილისის სახელმწიფო კონსერვატორია, Tbilisis Saxelmc̣ipo Ḳonservaṭoria) is the State Conservatoire of Georgia, located...

Word Count : 664

Erovnuli Liga

Last Update:

Tbilisi 1951: TODO Tbilisi 1952: TTU Tbilisi 1953: TTU Tbilisi 1954: TTU Tbilisi 1955: Dinamo Kutaisi 1956: FC Lokomotivi Tbilisi 1957: TTU Tbilisi 1958:...

Word Count : 362

April 9 tragedy

Last Update:

The April 9 tragedy (also known as Tbilisi massacre or Tbilisi tragedy) refers to the events in Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, on April 9...

Word Count : 1855

FC Olimpiki Tbilisi

Last Update:

FSM Tbilisi. 1957: Renamed as Burevestnik Tbilisi 2000: Founded as FC Olimpi Tbilisi. 2003: Merged with Merani-91 Tbilisi, as Merani-Olimpi Tbilisi, 2003:...

Word Count : 129

Trams in Tbilisi

Last Update:

The Tbilisi tramway network (Georgian: თბილისის ტრამვაი) operated in the Georgian capital city of Tbilisi between 1883 and 2006. In 1986 it extended to...

Word Count : 345

2021 attack on Tbilisi Pride

Last Update:

Tbilisi Pride was a violent counter-demonstration by far-right protesters against pro-LGBT organizers of the Pride Week by Tbilisi Pride in Tbilisi,...

Word Count : 5123

Tbilisi Sports Palace

Last Update:

Tbilisi Sport Palace (Georgian: თბილისის სპორტის სასახლე) is an indoor sports arena situated in Tbilisi, Georgia. The arena usually hosts basketball,...

Word Count : 394

Olympic Palace

Last Update:

Palace (Georgian: ოლიმპიური სასახლე) is an indoor sports arena situated in Tbilisi, Georgia, which was built to be used as one of the venues for the 2015...

Word Count : 458

Tbilisi railway station

Last Update:

Tbilisi Railway station (Georgian: თბილისის ცენტრალური სადგური, tbilisis tsent'raluri sadguri) is a railway station located in Tbilisi, Georgia. Originally...

Word Count : 415

Bridge of Peace

Last Update:

LEDs, over the Kura River, linking the Rike Park with Old town in central Tbilisi. Since its opening in 2010 the structure has become an important pedestrian...

Word Count : 698

Emerging Ireland

Last Update:

to offer Tier 1 level opposition for Tier 2 sides in the IRB Tbilisi Cup, held in Tbilisi, Georgia. Allen Clarke, Ian Costello and Joey Miles managed the...

Word Count : 798

1956 Georgian demonstrations

Last Update:

The March 1956 demonstrations (also known as the 1956 Tbilisi riots or 9 March massacre) in the Georgian SSR were a series of protests against Nikita...

Word Count : 2544

FC Spartaki Tbilisi

Last Update:

Krylya Sovetov Tbilisi 1948—198?: Spartak Tbilisi 2002—2003: Spartaki Tbilisi 2003—2004: Spartaki-Lazika Zugdidi 2004—...: Spartaki Tbilisi Teymuraz Mchedlishvili...

Word Count : 76

National Botanical Garden of Georgia

Last Update:

ეროვნული ბოტანიკური ბაღი), formerly the Tbilisi Botanical Garden (Georgian: თბილისის ბოტანიკური ბაღი), is located in Tbilisi, capital of Georgia, and lies in...

Word Count : 394

Free University of Tbilisi

Last Update:

(Georgian: თავისუფალი უნივერსიტეტი) is a private research university in Tbilisi, Georgia, founded by Kakha Bendukidze, Georgian statesman, businessman...

Word Count : 1278

Georgia Time

Last Update:

which is named Asia/Tbilisi. "Times are a' changing in Georgia". BBC News. June 27, 2004. Retrieved 2007-09-24. "Time zone in Tbilisi". Time and

Word Count : 122