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Tbilisi information

Capital city
2014 Tbilisi, Widoki z Twierdzy Narikala (36).jpg
2014 Tbilisi, Pomnik Wolności z konnym posągiem świętego Jerzego (07).jpg
Tbilisi IMG 8850 1920.jpg
Top to bottom:
View of Tbilisi from the right bank of the Kura River,
Monument of St. George on Freedom Square,
View of the Narikala Fortress from the left bank of Kura
Flag of Tbilisi
Official seal of Tbilisi
Tbilisi is located in Tbilisi
Tbilisi is located in Georgia
Tbilisi is located in Caucasus mountains
Coordinates: 41°43′21″N 44°47′33″E / 41.72250°N 44.79250°E / 41.72250; 44.79250
CountryTbilisi Georgia
EstablishedAD 455[2]
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyTbilisi Sakrebulo
 • MayorKakha Kaladze (GD)[3]
 • Capital city504.2 km2 (194.7 sq mi)
 • Metro
726 km2 (280 sq mi)
Highest elevation
770 m (2,530 ft)
Lowest elevation
380 m (1,250 ft)
 • Capital city1,202,731[1]
 • Density3,194.38/km2 (8,273.4/sq mi)
 • Metro
Tbiliseli (In Georgian)
Population by ethnicity[5]
 • Georgians89.9 %
 • Armenians4.8 %
 • Azerbaijanis1.4 %
 • Russians1.2 %
 • Yazidis1.0 %
 • Others1.7 %
Time zoneUTC+4 (Georgian Time)
Area code+995 32
Gross regional product[6]2020
 – TotalGEL24.9bil.
 – Per capita$6,700
HDI (2021)0.824[7]very high

Tbilisi (English: /təbɪˈlsi, təˈbɪlɪsi/ (Tbilisilisten) tə-bil-EE-see, tə-BIL-iss-ee;[8] Georgian: თბილისი, pronounced [ˈtʰbilisi] (Tbilisilisten)), in some languages still known by its pre-1936 name Tiflis[a] (/ˈtɪflɪs/ (Tbilisilisten) TIF-liss),[8] is the capital and the largest city of Georgia, lying on the banks of the Kura River with a population around 1.5 million people. Tbilisi was founded in the fifth century AD by Vakhtang I of Iberia, and since then has served as the capital of various Georgian kingdoms and republics. Between 1801 and 1917, then part of the Russian Empire, Tiflis was the seat of the Caucasus Viceroyalty, governing both the northern and the southern parts of the Caucasus.

Because of its location on the crossroads between Europe and Asia, and its proximity to the lucrative Silk Road, throughout history, Tbilisi was a point of contention among various global powers. To this day the city's location ensures its position as an important transit route for energy and trade projects. Tbilisi's history is reflected in its architecture, which is a mix of medieval, neoclassical, Beaux Arts, Art Nouveau, Stalinist, and Modern structures.

Historically, Tbilisi has been home to people of multiple cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds, though it is overwhelmingly Eastern Orthodox Christian. Its notable tourist destinations include cathedrals Sameba and Sioni, Freedom Square, Rustaveli Avenue and Agmashenebeli Avenue, medieval Narikala Fortress, the pseudo-Moorish Opera Theater, and the Georgian National Museum. The climate in Tbilisi mostly ranges from 20 to 32 °C (68 to 90 °F) in the summer and −1 to 7 °C (30 to 45 °F) in the winter.

  1. ^ "Population by regions". National Statistics Office of Georgia. Archived from the original on 3 June 2021. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  2. ^ კონსპექტი საქართველოს ისტორიიდან შედგენილი ა. ქუთათელაძისგან Archived 5 February 2021 at the Wayback Machine. რვეული I. თბილისი, სტამბა წიგნების გამომცემელ ქართველთა ამხანაგობისა, 1900. გვერდი 38.
  3. ^ "Mayor of Tbilisi". Tbilisi City Hall. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Statistics of Tbilisi Region". National Statistics Office of Georgia. Archived from the original on 28 May 2021. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Ethnic composition of Georgia 2014". Archived from the original on 20 December 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2022.
  6. ^ "Სტატისტიკური ინფორმაცია საქართველოს რეგიონების მიხედვით". Archived from the original on 12 June 2020. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  7. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab".
  8. ^ a b Jones, Daniel (2011). Roach, Peter; Setter, Jane; Esling, John (eds.). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15255-6.

Cite error: There are <ref group=lower-alpha> tags or {{efn}} templates on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=lower-alpha}} template or {{notelist}} template (see the help page).

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