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Sortition information


In governance, sortition (also known as selection by lottery, selection by lot, allotment, demarchy, stochocracy, aleatoric democracy, democratic lottery, and lottocracy) is the selection of political officials as a random sample from a larger pool of candidates.[1] The system intends to ensure that all competent and interested parties have an equal chance of holding public office. It also minimizes factionalism, since there would be no point making promises to win over key constituencies if one was to be chosen by lot, while elections, by contrast, foster it.[2] In ancient Athenian democracy, sortition was the traditional and primary method for appointing political officials, and its use was regarded as a principal characteristic of democracy.[3]

Today, sortition is commonly used to select prospective jurors in common-law systems and is sometimes used in forming citizen groups with political advisory power.[4]

  1. ^ Landemore, Hélène (January 15, 2010). Deliberation, Representation, and the Epistemic Function of Parliamentary Assemblies: a Burkean Argument in Favor of Descriptive Representation (PDF). International Conference on “Democracy as Idea and Practice”, University of Oslo, Oslo January 13–15, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 8, 2013.
  2. ^ Graeber, David (April 9, 2013). The Democracy Project: A History, a Crisis, a Movement. Random House Inc. pp. 957–959. ISBN 978-0-679-64600-6. Retrieved October 1, 2018.
  3. ^ Headlam, James Wycliffe (1891). Election by Lot at Athens. The University Press. p. 12.
  4. ^ Fishkin, James (2009). When the People Speak: Deliberative Democracy & Public Consultation. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199604432.

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Sortition

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In governance, sortition (also known as selection by lottery, selection by lot, allotment, demarchy, stochocracy, aleatoric democracy, democratic lottery...

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Cleromancy

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Cleromancy is a form of sortition (casting of lots) in which an outcome is determined by means that normally would be considered random, such as the rolling...

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an oligarchic institution and most political offices were filled using sortition, also known as allotment, by which officeholders were chosen by lot. Electoral...

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Politics

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Proportional representation Referendum Right to petition Right to protest Sortition Territorial peace theory Tyranny of the majority Voting War referendum...

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established in 1115, was led by the Signoria whose members were chosen by sortition. In 10th–15th century Frisia, a distinctly non-feudal society, the right...

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Mixed government

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rather than acquiring their positions by inheritance or sortition (at the Greco-Roman time, sortition was conventionally regarded as the principal characteristic...

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Algorand

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selection of the committee is done via a process called "cryptographic sortition", where each user determines whether they are on the committee by locally...

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Types of democracy

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power. A demarchy has people randomly selected from the citizenry through sortition to either act as general governmental representatives or to make decisions...

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Coin flipping

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sometimes used to resolve a dispute between two parties. It is a form of sortition which inherently has two possible outcomes. The party who calls the side...

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Electoral reform

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Fixed-term General Local Mid-term Plurality Primary Proportional Recall Snap Sortition Two-round system Terminology Anonymous elector Apportionment Audits Competition...

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List of forms of government

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only wealthy males could vote, and the Athenian democracy, which used sortition to elect candidates, almost always male, Greek, educated citizens holding...

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Casting lots

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a form of gambling that involves the drawing of numbers for a prize Sortition, the practice of randomly selecting political officials from a larger...

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Sortition Law

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The Sortition Law (Portuguese: Lei do Sorteio), officially Law No. 1,860 of 4 January 1908, introduced compulsory military service for the Brazilian Armed...

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Government

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delegates from among themselves, typically by election or, less commonly, by sortition. These select citizens then meet to form a governing body, such as a legislature...

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Reform of the House of Lords

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Certain governments in the United Kingdom have, for more than a century, attempted to find a way to reform the House of Lords, the upper house of the Parliament...

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Outline of political science

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to politics and political science: Politics – the exercise of power; process by which...

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Participatory democracy

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to address specific issues. Participants were typically chosen through sortition with stratified sampling to make the body more representative. Conventions...

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Representative democracy

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Proportional representation Referendum Right to petition Right to protest Sortition Territorial peace theory Tyranny of the majority Voting War referendum...

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Athenian democracy

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the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition. The assembly had four main functions: it made executive pronouncements...

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2023 local electoral calendar

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Fixed-term General Local Mid-term Plurality Primary Proportional Recall Snap Sortition Two-round system Terminology Anonymous elector Apportionment Audits Competition...

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Direct democracy

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direct democracy might entail passing executive decisions, the use of sortition, making laws, directly electing or dismissing officials, and conducting...

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Citizens Convention for Climate

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bodies chosen from the general public by random selection, also known as sortition. Juries, planning cells, consensus conferences, and deliberative polls...

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List of presidents of France

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resign) Jean-François Rewbell 2 November 1795 – 16 May 1799 (Replaced by sortition) Lazare Carnot 2 November 1795 – 4 September 1797 (Proscribed and replaced...

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Proportional representation

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voting Delegated voting Indirect STV Liquid democracy Random selection (sortition, random ballot) Social choice theory Arrow's theorem Gibbard–Satterthwaite...

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Eponym dating system

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The names of the Limmu who became eponyms were originally chosen by lot sortition, until the first millennium it became a fixed rotation of officers headed...

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Jules Verne

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the same year, Verne was required to enlist in the French army, but the sortition process spared him, to his great relief. He wrote to his father: "You...

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2023 national electoral calendar

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Fixed-term General Local Mid-term Plurality Primary Proportional Recall Snap Sortition Two-round system Terminology Anonymous elector Apportionment Audits Competition...

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Drawing straws

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Drawing straws is a selection method, or a form of sortition, that is used by a group to choose one member of the group to perform a task after none has...

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