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Puerto Natales information

Puerto Natales

Coat of arms
Location of the Natales commune in Magallanes Region
Puerto Natales is located in Chile
Puerto Natales
Puerto Natales
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 51°44′S 72°31′W / 51.733°S 72.517°W / -51.733; -72.517
CountryPuerto Natales Chile
RegionPuerto Natales Magallanes y Antártica Chilena
ProvinceÚltima Esperanza
[1] [2]
 • TypeMunicipality
 • AlcaldeFernando Paredes Mansilla (UDI)
 • Total48,974.2 km2 (18,909.0 sq mi)
3 m (10 ft)
 (2012 Census)[3]
 • Total18,505
 • Density0.38/km2 (0.98/sq mi)
 • Rural
 • Men10,068
 • Women9,048
Time zoneUTC−3 (CLST)
Area code56 + 61

Puerto Natales is a city in Chilean Patagonia. It is the capital of both the commune of Natales and the province of Última Esperanza, one of the four provinces that make up the Magallanes and Antartica Chilena Region in the southernmost part of Chile. Puerto Natales is the only city in the province.[4] It is located 247 km (153 mi) northwest of Punta Arenas. It is the final passenger port of call for the Navimag ferry sailing from Puerto Montt into the Señoret Channel as well as the primary transit point for travellers to Torres del Paine National Park, Chile.

It is located at the opening of Última Esperanza Sound and was originally inhabited by the Kawésqar or Alacaluf people and the Aoniken or Tehuelche people. The first Europeans to visit the area where the city is located were the expeditionaries led by Juan Ladrillero, a Spanish explorer who was looking for the Strait of Magellan's western passage in 1557.[5]

The city was settled in the late 19th century by European immigrants, primarily Germans, British, including English, Welsh and Scots, Croats, Greeks, Italians and Spaniards. It was then settled by Chilean people, with a substantial number coming from Chiloé Archipelago, all attracted by the sheep breeding industry.

The city was formally founded under the government of Ramón Barros Luco on May 31, 1911. Nowadays, one of its most important industries is tourism although the cattle and aquaculture industries are also significant. While winds, colds and thin soils limit horticulture in Puerto Natales there is still a small-scale local produce of zucchini, cherry tomatoes, strawberries, cucumbers and carrots.[6]

  1. ^ "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Municipality of Puerto Natales" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  3. ^ a b c "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  4. ^ Mary Heebner, Patagonia, La Última Esperanza
  5. ^ Arriagada, Ramón (2004). Juan Ladrillero, el Navegante Olvidado (1st ed.). Puerto Natales: Editorial Fiordo Azul.
  6. ^ "Frente a la adversidad del clima: El desafío de cultivar hortalizas en la zona más austral del mundo". Cooperativas de Chile (in Spanish). 2019-08-05. Retrieved 2023-01-06.

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