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Pernambuco information


Pernambuco
State
Estado de Pernambuco
State of Pernambuco
Flag of Pernambuco
Coat of arms of Pernambuco
Motto(s): 
Ego sum qui fortissimum et dux (Latin)
"I am the strongest and the one who leads"
Anthem: Hino de Pernambuco
Location of State of Pernambuco in Brazil
Location of State of Pernambuco in Brazil
Coordinates: 8°20′S 37°48′W / 8.333°S 37.800°W / -8.333; -37.800
CountryPernambuco Brazil
Capital and largest cityRecife
Government
 • GovernorRaquel Lyra (PSDB)
 • Vice GovernorPriscila Krause (Cidadania)
 • Senators
  • Humberto Costa (PT)
  • Jarbas Vasconcelos (MDB)
  • Teresa Leitão (PT)
Area
 • Total98,311.616 km2 (37,958.327 sq mi)
 • Rank19th
Population
 (2007)[1]
 • Total8,796,448
 • Estimate 
(2020)
9,616,121
 • Rank7th
 • Density89/km2 (230/sq mi)
  • Rank6th
Demonym(s)Pernambucan (English), Pernambucano or Pernambucana (Brazilian Portuguese)
GDP
 • Year2021 estimate
 • TotalUS$ 47,861,000,000 (10th)
 • Per capitaUS$ 5,096 (17th)
HDI
 • Year2021
 • Category0.719[2]high (15th)
Time zoneUTC−3 (BRT)
Postal Code
50000-000 to 56990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-PE
License Plate Letter SequenceKFD to KME, NXU to NXW, OYL to OYZ, PCA to PGZ, QYA to QYZ, RZE to RZZ
Websitepe.gov.br

Pernambuco (Brazilian Portuguese: [pɛʁnɐ̃ˈbuku] ) is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country. With an estimated population of 9.6 million people as of 2020, making it seventh-most populous state of Brazil and with around 98,148 km², being the 19th-largest in area among federative units of the country, it is the sixth-most densely populated with around 89 people per km². Its capital and largest city, Recife, is one of the most important economic and urban hubs in the country. Based on 2019 estimates, the Recife Metropolitan Region is seventh-most populous in the country, and the second-largest in northeastern Brazil.[3] In 2015, the state had 4.6% of the national population and produced 2.8% of the national gross domestic product (GDP).[4]

The contemporary state inherits its name from the Captaincy of Pernambuco, established in 1534. The region was originally inhabited by Tupi–Guarani-speaking peoples. European colonization began in the 16th century, under mostly Portuguese rule interrupted by a brief period of Dutch rule, followed by Brazilian independence in 1822. Large numbers of slaves were brought from Africa during the colonial era to cultivate sugarcane, and a significant portion of the state's population has some amount of African ancestry.

The state has rich cultural traditions thanks to its varied history and peoples. Brazilian Carnivals in Recife and the historic colonial capital of Olinda are renowned: the Galo da Madrugada parade in Recife has held world records for its size.

Historically a center of sugarcane cultivation due to the favorable climate, the state has a modern economy dominated by the services sector today, though large amounts of sugarcane are still grown. The coming of democracy in 1985 has brought the state progress and challenges in turn: while economic and health indicators have improved, inequality remains high.

  1. ^ "IBGE".
  2. ^ "Atlas do Desenvolvimento Humano no Brasil. Pnud Brasil, Ipea e FJP, 2022". www.atlasbrasil.org.br. Retrieved 11 June 2023.
  3. ^ "Estimativas 2019 população Regiões Metropolitanas". agenciadenoticias.ibge.gov.br (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  4. ^ Spilimbergo, Antonio; Srinivasan, Krishna (14 March 2019). Chapter 12 The Subnational Fiscal Crisis. International Monetary Fund. ISBN 978-1-4843-3974-9.

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Recife Carnival, in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil...

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the State of Pernambuco is the chief executive of the state of Pernambuco. The governor is the head of the executive branch of Pernambuco's state government...

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district of Pernambuco (the only state district in the country). It is governed by an administrator-general, appointed by the governor of Pernambuco, and a...

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Olinda (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɔˈlĩndɐ]) is a historic city in Pernambuco, Brazil, in the Northeast Region. It is located on the country's northeastern...

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Federal University of Pernambuco (Portuguese: Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, UFPE) is a public university in Recife, Brazil, established in 1946....

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