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ChromeOS information

Google Chrome icon (February 2022).svg
ChromeOS logo as of March 2022
A screenshot of Chrome OS r87.png
ChromeOS 87 Desktop
Written inC, C++, assembly, JavaScript, HTML5, Python, Rust
OS familyLinux (Unix-like)[1]
Working statePreinstalled on Chromebooks, Chromeboxes, Chromebits, Chromebases
Source modelClosed-source with open-source components
Initial releaseJune 15, 2011; 11 years ago (2011-06-15)
Latest release105.0.5195.134 (September 15, 2022; 17 days ago (2022-09-15)[2]) [±]
Latest preview

107.0.5304.14 (September 29, 2022; 3 days ago (2022-09-29)[3]) [±]

108.0.5323.0 (September 30, 2022; 2 days ago (2022-09-30)[4]) [±]
Update methodRolling release
Package managerPortage[a]
PlatformsARM32, ARM64, x86, x86-64
Kernel typeMonolithic (Linux kernel)[6]
UserlandAura Shell (Ash), Ozone (display manager); X11 apps can be enabled in recent ChromeOS
user interface
Google Chrome
Official Edit this at Wikidata

ChromeOS,[8] sometimes stylized as chromeOS and formerly styled as Chrome OS, is a Linux-based operating system designed by Google. It is derived from the open-source Chromium OS and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface.

Google announced the project in July 2009, initially describing it as an operating system where applications and user data would reside in the cloud. ChromeOS was used primarily to run web applications.[9]

All ChromiumOS and ChromeOS versions support progressive web applications (such as Google Docs or Microsoft Office 365), as well as web browser extensions (which can resemble native applications). ChromeOS (but not ChromiumOS) from 2016 onwards can also run Android applications from the Play Store.[10] Since 2018, ChromiumOS/ChromeOS version 69 onwards also support Linux applications, which are executed in a lightweight virtual machine[11] with a Debian Linux environment.[12][13]

The operating system is now usually evaluated in conjunction with the hardware that runs it.

  1. ^ Pichai, Sundar (July 7, 2009). "Introducing the Google Chrome OS". Official Google Blog. Google, Inc. Archived from the original on May 10, 2012. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  2. ^ "Stable Channel Update for ChromeOS". September 15, 2022. Retrieved September 17, 2022.
  3. ^ Daniel Gagnon (September 29, 2022). "Beta Channel Update for ChromeOS". Retrieved September 29, 2022.
  4. ^ "Dev Channel Update for ChromeOS". September 30, 2022. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  5. ^ "Dev-Install: Installing Developer and Test packages onto a Chrome OS device - The Chromium Projects". Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved June 22, 2019.
  6. ^ "Kernel Design: Background, Upgrades". Archived from the original on August 8, 2011. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
  7. ^ "Google Chrome OS Terms of Service". Google. Archived from the original on May 25, 2012. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  8. ^ Peters, Jay (July 14, 2022). "It's ChromeOS now, not Chrome OS". The Verge. Archived from the original on July 14, 2022. Retrieved July 14, 2022.
  9. ^ "Kernel Design". The Chromium Projects. Archived from the original on June 24, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  10. ^ "Install Android apps on your Chromebook", Chromebook help, Mountain View: Google, Inc., 2022, retrieved June 16, 2022.
  11. ^ "Chromium OS Docs - Running Custom Containers Under Chrome OS". Archived from the original on January 14, 2019. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  12. ^ "Set up Linux on your Chromebook", Chromebook help, Mountain View: Google, Inc., 2022, retrieved June 16, 2022.
  13. ^ "Moving Forward from Chrome Apps". January 15, 2020. Archived from the original on September 26, 2020. Retrieved September 28, 2020.

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