What is Quantum Physics? Quantum is an abbreviation for quantum particles, and these particles have an assortment of different characteristics. Albert Einstein was responsible for discovering the general law of relativity – this law states that time and space are meaningless unless particles behave according to a set of definite rules.
Another one of Einstein’s Laws is the Planck Law, which states that there is a great amount of energy in a vacuum. In order to understand what Quantum Physics is, it’s helpful to first acquaint oneself with a little of its history.
Quantum physics is actually a branch of science known as quantum mechanics, or quantum theory. Quantum is actually that part of science that deals with objects that travel, from guns, to tennis balls, trains, cars, and planets. Particles are said to be in a “position” when they are in a wave, and this wave can be thought of as having a shape. The waves are actually bits of energy. Because of this, it’s believed that it’s possible to alter the shape of the number of energy by throwing the object into a different wave field – altering the momentum of the object so that it can travel faster, further, or differently than it would normally travel.
Although much has been learned about Quantum physics, it’s still difficult to describe in words. There are two distinct ways that scientists attempt to explain Quantum physics. Physicists can either use quantum theory to explain away the mysteries that surround it, or they can use it to describe the way that experiment takes place. It’s widely believed that by using quantum mechanics, we can understand the fabric of space-time – the very foundation of the universe. By understanding how everything is made, it’s possible to understand what happens in it, and why.
In order to understand quantum physics, you have to learn about the four basic laws of the movement of matter, along with what they mean in relation to each other. The first law is called ‘The Conservation of Momentum’ and states that energy in a substance stays constant unless it is changed. In this law, the amount of momentum that an object has remained constant, even when it is moved. This also means that the amount of energy you have floating around in your cells remains constant, regardless of what you do to them.
The second law of quantum physics, ‘The Standard Model’ states that the properties of any matter are determined by the wave patterns that the particles develop when interacting with each other. This theory was devised by Albert Einstein, who posed the questions ‘What is radiation?’ and ‘How do light rays move?’
The third theory is ‘Theory of Relativity’, which states that no two objects can be placed at rest by science. Einstein’s original idea was that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but only shifted from one state to another. This theory states that energy and mass behave according to the same rules as ‘The Standard Model’. The fourth theory is ‘Theories of Special relativity’, which states that there is no way to measure time or space apart from wormholes. In short, special relativity describes the behaviour of celestial objects such as the moon, sun, planets, stars, and even animals.
Albert Einstein was arguably the most influential scientist of all time, but he didn’t fully comprehend what quantum physics was all about. One of the theories that he did recognise was the Planck’s Constant, which states that matter contains a wave, or particles, which continually vibrate in a unique frequency range. When two particles collide, they give off waves which are in the range of the other’s vibration, creating a reaction known as the interference effect. Einstein’s theory of relativity thus postulates that gravity is a function of wave-particle duality, rather than being a result of mass alone.
Quantum mechanics therefore is the study of how various unique particles react to each other when thrown in a position which produces an electric field. Once a molecule or atom is pushed into a highly energetic vacuum, such as an outer space drive, it will have to travel back through time and space until it reaches its rest state, which is the state in which it can make use of its kinetic energy. Once it does this, it can once again make use of its energy to create particles, the so-called ‘atoms’, and these atoms can then come in contact with other atoms, creating chemical reactions and ultimately produce energy in solutions such as chemical compounds. This is essentially how classical mechanics and quantum mechanics are related.