What is Language? A language is a systematic system of communication used primarily by human beings, comprising speech, written language and body movements. The earliest evidence of language comes from the fossils and fossilized bones of ancient hominids.
The earliest traces of writing were discovered in South East Asia, from a period of around 2 million years ago. The majority of the world’s population uses some form of written language, which can be recorded or written down in a document such as a newspaper, magazine or book.
The spoken language, also referred to as ‘language’ or’speech’, can be categorized into six main languages: English, Spanish, Greek, Hindi, Polirritmo and Bahasa. English is the common lingua franca throughout the world, spoken by more than 5 billion people. A language is a system of symbols, signs or code used to convey information and is used to interact with other people. The majority of the world’s population uses language, along with a variety of different methods of communication, to communicate daily.
Language is used in all walks of life and is an integral part of social life. It can be used to explain relationships, predict behaviour, regulate behavior and provide meaning within systems of organisation and communication. Within these frameworks, it is useful to refer to linguistics, the study of language, syntax and semantics. This branch of psychology addresses how language enables people to interact with each other and how this interaction affects the processes that lead to successful communication and society in general.
Studies in linguistics reveal that the role of language in our lives is far-reaching and significant. For example, language can guide our choices in education, choice of occupation, the decoration of our homes and the purchase of goods and services. We can even talk to our relatives across the globe using the same language. It also controls our emotions and can be controlled even through our subconscious, which is where the ‘bacterial immune system’ resides. There are many fascinating examples of how language is used, with research suggesting that language may play a critical role in neurological disorders such as autism and Alzheimer’s disease, in addition to a host of sensory processing disorders.
Understanding how language works can bring about greater understanding of how society as a whole functions. For example, some conversations can communicate much more than mere words or syllables. In fact, certain types of body language can indicate underlying messages or needs. Language can also bring together individuals who may live quite far apart. One reason for this is that radio and television broadcast their content in the same language on very close frequency bands. By hearing the same kind of voice over again, even people who live in very different worlds connect with one another.
The question of what is the language used for often invites the question of how language affects the way we communicate. Using the example above, if two Native American men could hear the same radio program being played out of a radio station in New York, neither man would understand the utterances made by the other individual. However, if they both could speak English, they would be able to decipher what was being said.
Humans are visual creatures and our eyes are directly involved in generating meaning from our world around us. People use a variety of languages throughout the day to convey different kinds of messages to each other, especially when speaking non-lingual languages like English. For example, it is very common for young children to communicate with their parents using their native tongues, such as Japanese, Korean or Chinese. Children also use a mixture of languages, such as Spanish and French, to form a new linguistic base that they will eventually use to develop a more encompassing vocabulary.
It is believed that language is a very important aspect of a person’s identity. Without language, people would face great difficulties in attempting to communicate with others. The importance of language cannot be underestimated, considering that it is the primary tool through which people form relationships. By learning more about the basics of how to learn and use language skills, you not only increase your chances of developing a fulfilling and meaningful relationship with other individuals, but you also improve your ability to communicate in any situation.