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Zambia information

15°S 30°E / 15°S 30°E / -15; 30

Republic of Zambia
Flag of Zambia
Coat of arms of Zambia
Coat of arms
"One Zambia, One Nation"
Anthem: "Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free"
Location of Zambia
and largest city
15°25′S 28°17′E / 15.417°S 28.283°E / -15.417; 28.283
Official languagesEnglish
Recognised regional languages
  • 28.5% Bemba
  • 13.8% Nyanja
  • 11.4% Tonga
  • 10.6% Tumbuka
  • 5.5% Lozi
  • 4.5% Chewa
  • 3.0% Nsenga
  • 1.9% Lunda
  • 1.9% Kaonde
  • 1.8% Lala
  • 1.8% Lamba
  • 1.7% English
  • 1.5% Luvale
  • 1.3% Mambwe
  • 1.2% Lenje
  • 1.2% Namwanga
  • 1.0% Bisa
  • 0.9% Ushi
  • 0.7% Ila
  • 0.7% Mbunda
  • 0.7% Ngoni
  • 0.7% Senga
  • 0.6% Lungu
  • 0.5% Toka-Leya
  • 4.7% Others
Ethnic groups
  • 19.0% Bemba
  • 13.6% Tonga
  • 7.5% Tumbuka
  • 6.0% Chewa
  • 5.7% Lozi
  • 5.3% Nsenga
  • 3.0% Ngoni
  • 3.1% Lala
  • 3.9% Kaonde
  • 2.8% Namwanga
  • 2.6% Lunda (Northern)
  • 2.5% Mambwe
  • 2.2% Luvale
  • 2.4% Lamba
  • 1.9% Ushi
  • 1.6% Bisa
  • 1.6% Lenje
  • 1.2% Mbunda
  • 0.9% Lunda (Luapula)
  • 0.9% Senga
  • 0.8% Ila
  • 0.8% Lungu
  • 0.7% Tabwa
  • 0.7% Soli
  • 0.7% Kunda
  • 0.6% Ngumbo
  • 0.5% Chishinga
  • 0.5% Chokwe
  • 0.5% Nkoya
  • 5.4% Other ethnics
  • 0.8% Major racial
  • 0.4% Unclassified
Christianity (official)
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Hakainde Hichilema
• Vice President
Mutale Nalumango
• Speaker
Nelly Mutti
• Chief Justice
Mumba Malila
LegislatureNational Assembly
from the United Kingdom
• North-Western Rhodesia
27 June 1890
• Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia
28 November 1899
• North-Eastern Rhodesia
29 January 1900
• Amalgamation of Northern Rhodesia
17 August 1911
• Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
1 August 1953
• Republic of Zambia
24 October 1964
• Total
752,617 km2 (290,587 sq mi)[2] (38th)
• Water (%)
• 2022 estimate
19,610,769[3] (63rd)
• Density
26.1/km2 (67.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase$76.325 billion[4] (102nd)
• Per capita
Increase$3,803[4] (158th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase$27.02 billion[4] (112nd)
• Per capita
Increase$1,348[4] (160th)
Gini (2015)57.1[5]
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.565[6]
medium · 154th
CurrencyZambian kwacha (ZMW)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+260
ISO 3166 codeZM

Zambia (/ˈzæmbiə, ˈzɑːm-/), officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central, Southern and East Africa,[7] and is typically referred to as being in South-Central Africa.[8] Its neighbours are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the northeast, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west. The capital city is Lusaka, located in the south-central part. The population of around 20.1 million (2023) is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the north, the core economic hubs of the country.

The region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the 13th century. Following the arrival of European explorers in the 18th century, the British colonised the region into the British protectorates of Barotseland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia comprising 73 tribes, towards the end of the 19th century. These were merged in 1911 to form Northern Rhodesia. For most of the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.[9] On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom and prime minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president.[10] From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with the United National Independence Party as the sole legal political party under the motto "One Zambia, One Nation" coined by Kaunda. Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, beginning a period of government decentralisation.

Zambia contains minerals, wildlife, forestry, freshwater and arable land.[11] In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world's fastest economically reformed countries.[12]

  1. ^ Census of Population and Housing National Analytical Report 2010 Archived 14 November 2017 at the Wayback Machine Central Statistical Office, Zambia
  2. ^ United Nations Statistics Division. "Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density" (PDF). Retrieved 9 November 2007.
  3. ^ "Zambia : Preliminary data shows Population grew from 13.1 million in 2010 to 19.6 million in 2022". 24 December 2022. Retrieved 27 December 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d "Zambia". International Monetary Fund.
  5. ^ "Gini Index". World Bank. Retrieved 2 September 2019.
  6. ^ Human Development Report 2020: The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  7. ^ Henderson, Ian (1970). "The Origins of Nationalism in East and Central Africa: The Zambian Case". The Journal of African History. 11 (4): 591–603. doi:10.1017/S0021853700010471. ISSN 0021-8537. JSTOR 180923. S2CID 154296266.
  8. ^ "Zambia | Population, Capital, Language, Flag, & Map | Britannica". Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  9. ^ "History | Zambian High Commission". Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  10. ^ Andy DeRoche, Kenneth Kaunda, the United States, and Southern Africa (London: Bloomsbury, 2016).
  12. ^ Ngoma, Jumbe (18 December 2010). "World Bank President Praises Reforms In Zambia, Underscores Need For Continued Improvements In Policy And Governance". World Bank.

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15°S 30°E / 15°S 30°E / -15; 30 Zambia (/ˈzæmbiə, ˈzɑːm-/), officially the Republic of Zambia, is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central...

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Lusaka (/luːˈsɑːkə/; loo-SAH-kə) is the capital and largest city of Zambia. It is one of the fastest-developing cities in southern Africa. Lusaka is in...

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Geography of Zambia

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Zambia is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, to the east of Angola. It has a total area of 752,618 square kilometres (slightly larger than...

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Languages of Zambia

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Zambia has several major indigenous languages, all members of the Bantu family, as well as Khwedam, Zambian Sign Language, several immigrant languages...

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Zambia national football team

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The Zambia national football team represents Zambia in association football and is governed by the Football Association of Zambia (FAZ). During the 1980s...

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Economy of Zambia

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Zambia is a developing country and it achieved middle-income status in 2011. Through the first decade of the 21st century, the economy of Zambia was one...

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President of Zambia

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The president of Zambia is the head of state and the head of government of Zambia. The office was first held by Kenneth Kaunda following independence in...

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Proflight Zambia

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Proflight Zambia is an airline based in Lusaka, Zambia that serves the business community and tourism industry. It is a trading name of Proflight Commuter...

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History of Zambia

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The history of Zambia experienced many stages from colonization to independence from Britain on October 24, 1964. Northern Rhodesia became a British sphere...

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Demographics of Zambia

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Zambia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace...

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Outline of Zambia

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an overview of and topical guide to Zambia: Zambia – landlocked sovereign country located in Southern Africa. Zambia has been inhabited for thousands of...

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Politics of Zambia

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The politics of Zambia takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the president of Zambia is head of state...

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Zambian Defence Force

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The Zambian Defence Force is the military of Zambia. It consists of the Zambian Army, the Zambian Air Force, and the Zambia National Service. The defence...

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Zambian kwacha

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Zambia. It is subdivided into 100 Ngwee. The name kwacha derives from the Nyanja, Bemba, and Tonga language word for "dawn", alluding to the Zambian nationalist...

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Coat of arms of Zambia

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The coat of arms of Zambia was adopted on 24 October 1964 when the Republic of Zambia reached its independence. This coat of arms is adapted from the...

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National Assembly of Zambia

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The National Assembly is Zambia's unicameral legislative body. Between 1972 and 1990, Zambia was a one-party state with the United National Independence...

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Flag of Zambia

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flag of Zambia was adopted upon independence on 24 October 1964, by the first Republican President Dr. Kenneth David Kaunda. Before that, Zambia was the...

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Mining in Zambia

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Mining in Zambia produces several minerals and is a critical part of the country's economy. Copper comprises 70% of Zambia's total export earnings, and...

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List of populated places in Zambia

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This is a list of cities, towns, villages and missions in Zambia. Chadiza Chama Chandesi Chavuma Chembe Chibombo Chiengi Chilubi Chililabombwe Chinsali...

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University of Zambia

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The University of Zambia (UNZA) is a public university located in Lusaka, Zambia. It is Zambia's largest and oldest learning institution. The university...

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Zambia Airways

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Zambia Airways is the flag carrier of the Republic of Zambia. The airline is based in Lusaka, Zambia with its hub at Kenneth Kaunda International Airport...

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Zambian Air Force

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The Zambian Air Force (ZAF) is the air force of Zambia and the air operations element of the Zambian Defence Force. Following the creation of the Republic...

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Zambia Railways

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Zambia Railways (ZR) is the national railway company of Zambia, one of the two major railway organisations in Zambia. The other system is the binational...

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List of political parties in Zambia

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Zambia is a multi-party system with the United Party for National Development in power. Opposition parties are allowed and do have some significant representation...

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Public holidays in Zambia

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thirteen nationally recognized public holidays celebrated in the Republic of Zambia, a country in Southern Africa. If a public holiday falls on a Sunday, the...

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Music of Zambia

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The music of Zambia has a rich heritage which falls roughly into categories of traditional, popular and Christian music. Traditional Zambian music is rooted...

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Districts of Zambia

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ten provinces of Zambia are divided into a total of 116 districts as of 2018. Article 109 in part VIII of the constitution of Zambia deals with local...

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Zambian cuisine

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Zambian cuisine is largely based on nshima, which is a food prepared from pounded white maize. Nshima is part of nearly every Zambian meal. In addition...

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