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Westphalia information

State part and historic region of North Rhine-Westphalia
Prinzipalmarkt in Münster (1st row),
Emperor William Monument at the Porta Westfalica and Wewelsburg castle (2nd row),
Nordkirchen Castle and skyline of Dortmund (3rd row),
town centre of Freudenberg (4th row)
Flag of Westphalia
Coat of arms of Westphalia
Anthem: Westfalenlied
Location of Westphalia in Germany.
Location of Westphalia in Germany.
Westphalia in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia borders on the Northern Rhineland in the west and Lippe in the northeast.
Westphalia in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia borders on the Northern Rhineland in the west and Lippe in the northeast.
Coordinates (Geographic centre of Westphalia): 51°36′30″N 7°56′00″E / 51.608333°N 7.933333°E / 51.608333; 7.933333[1]
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Governmental districts
  • Arnsberg
  • Detmold
  • Münster
Districts and independent cities
  • Borken
  • Coesfeld
  • Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis
  • Gütersloh
  • Herford
  • Hochsauerlandkreis
  • Höxter
  • Märkischer Kreis
  • Minden-Lübbecke
  • Olpe
  • Paderborn
  • Recklinghausen
  • Siegen-Wittgenstein
  • Soest
  • Steinfurt
  • Unna
  • Warendorf
  • Bielefeld
  • Bochum
  • Bottrop
  • Dortmund
  • Gelsenkirchen
  • Hagen
  • Hamm
  • Herne
  • Münster
Further cities, towns and municipalities206
Founded30 April 1815 (Province of Westphalia; other predecessors existed since the Early Middle Ages.)[2][3]
23 August 1946 (as a part of North Rhine-Westphalia)[4]
 • Total20,210 km2 (7,803 sq mi)
Highest elevation
843 m (2,766 ft)
 (31 December 2018)[5]
 • Total7,913,035
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Persons: the Westphalian (der Westfale [male] / die Westfälin [female]), the Westphalians (die Westfalen)
Adjective: Westphalian (westfälisch)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time (CET))
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time (CEST))

Westphalia (/wɛstˈfliə/; German: Westfalen [vɛstˈfaːlən]; Low German: Westfalen [vεs(t)ˈfɔːln]) is a region of northwestern Germany and one of the three historic parts of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It has an area of 20,210 square kilometres (7,800 sq mi) and 7.9 million inhabitants.

The territory of the region is almost identical with the historic Province of Westphalia, which was a part of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1815 to 1918[6] and the Free State of Prussia from 1918 to 1946. In 1946, Westphalia merged with North Rhine, another former part of Prussia, to form the newly created state of North Rhine-Westphalia. In 1947, the state with its two historic parts was joined by a third one: Lippe, a former principality and free state.[7]

The seventeen districts and nine independent cities of Westphalia and the single district of Lippe are members of the Westphalia-Lippe Regional Association (Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe).[8]

Previous to the formation of Westphalia as a province of Prussia and later state part of North Rhine-Westphalia, the term "Westphalia" was applied to different territories of different sizes such as the western part of the ancient Duchy of Saxony, the Duchy of Westphalia or the Kingdom of Westphalia.[7][6] The Westphalian language, a variant of the Low German language, is spoken beyond modern Westphalia's borders in neighbouring southwestern Lower Saxony and northwestern Hesse.[9]

  1. ^ LWL: Zum Mittelpunkt Westfalens
  2. ^ LWL: Territorien > Preußische Provinz Westfalen
  3. ^ LWL: Die Westfalen als Teil der Sachsen
  4. ^ LWL: Westfalen in der unmittelbaren Nachkriegszeit
  5. ^ IT.NRW: Bevölkerungszahlen auf Basis des Zensus vom 9. Mai 2011 (Bevölkerung der Regierungsbezirke Arnsberg, Detmold ohne den Kreis Lippe und Münster)
  6. ^ a b Deutsches Kaiserreich: Provinz Westfalen
  7. ^ a b LWL: Die westfälischen Territorien 1789
  8. ^ "LWL: Die Region Westfalen-Lippe". Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2017.
  9. ^ LWL: Niederdeutsche Sprache – westfälische Mundarten

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