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Tyrsenian languages information


Tyrsenian
Tyrrhenian
Geographic
distribution
Italy, Switzerland, France (Corsica), Liechtenstein, Germany, Austria and Greece (island of Lemnos)
Linguistic classificationOne of the world's primary language families
Subdivisions
  • Etruscan
  • Rhaetic
  • Lemnian
  • Camunic (disputed)
GlottologNone
Approximate area of Tyrsenian languages

Tyrsenian (also Tyrrhenian or Common Tyrrhenic),[1] named after the Tyrrhenians (Ancient Greek, Ionic: Τυρσηνοί Tyrsenoi) is a proposed extinct family of closely related ancient languages put forward by linguist Helmut Rix in 1998, which consists of the Etruscan language of northern, central and south-western Italy, and eastern Corsica (France); the Raetic language of the Alps, named after the Rhaetian people; and the Lemnian language of the Aegean Sea. Camunic in northern Lombardy, between Etruscan and Raetic, may belong to the family as well, but evidence of such is limited. The Tyrsenian languages are generally considered Pre-Indo-European[2] and Paleo-European.[3][1][4][5]

  1. ^ a b Marchesini, Simona. "Raetic". Mnamon.
  2. ^ Bellelli & Benelli 2018.
  3. ^ Mellaart 1975.
  4. ^ Haarmann 2014.
  5. ^ Harding 2014, p. 1912: Italy was home to a number of languages in the Iron Age, some of them clearly Indo-European (Latin being the most obvious, although this was merely the language spoken in the Roman heartland, that is, Latium, and other languages such as Italic, Venetic or Ligurian were also present), while the centre-west and northwest were occupied by the people we call Etruscans, who spoke a language which was non-Indo-European and presumed to represent an ethnic and linguistic stratum which goes far back in time, perhaps even to the occupants of Italy prior to the spread of farming.

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Tyrsenian languages

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at which the languages split. Tyrsenian was probably a Paleo-European language family predating the arrival of Indo-European languages in Europe. Helmut...

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Tyrsenian

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Look up Tyrsenian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Tyrsenian can refer to: Tyrsenians Tyrsenian languages Search for "Tyrsenian" on Wikipedia. All pages...

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Tyrrhenians

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Tyrsenians were Etruscans. Furthermore the languages of Etruscan, Rhaetian and Lemnian cultures have been grouped together as the Tyrsenian languages...

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Lemnian language

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lower line (right to left): soromš:aslaš Eteocretan language Tyrsenian languages Paleo-European languages Wallace 2018. Bonfante 1990, p. 90. de Simone 2009...

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Etruscan language

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to other languages has been a source of long-running speculation and study, with it mostly being referred to as one of the Tyrsenian languages, at times...

Word Count : 12186

Rhaetic

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Rhaetic or Raetic (/ˈriːtɪk/), also known as Rhaetian, was a Tyrsenian language spoken in the ancient region of Rhaetia in the eastern Alps in pre-Roman...

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Alarodian languages

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in 1994 with Nikolayev. The inclusion of Etruscan and the related Tyrsenian languages has also been proposed, first by Orel and Starostin in 1990, on the...

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Etruscan civilization

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𐌛𐌀𐌔𐌍𐌀𐌋). "community of the people", attest to its autonym usage. The Tyrsenian etymology however remains unknown. In Attic Greek, the Etruscans were...

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Minoan language

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compared inconclusively to the Indo-European, Semitic and Tyrsenian language families and is a language isolate. Brent Davis, a linguist and archaeologist at...

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Camunic language

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Camunic is related to the Raetic language from the Tyrsenian language family, or to the Celtic languages. The extant corpus is carved on rock. There are...

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Etruscan history

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Etruscan language was of a different family from that of neighbouring Italic and Celtic peoples, who spoke Indo-European languages. The Tyrsenian languages are...

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Etruscan origins

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culture system. Helmut Rix's classification of the Etruscan language in the Tyrsenian language family reflects the ambiguity of the stories about their origins...

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Minoan civilization

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Decipherment attempts have attempted to read the language as Indo-European, Semitic, and Tyrsenian languages, but none have resulted in an accepted decipherment...

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Rhaetian people

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also related to Etruscan, possibly a sub-group of Tyrsenian languages. Alternatively their language may have been Indo-European, akin to that of their...

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Borean languages

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that the various languages spoken in Eurasia and adjacent regions have a genealogical relationship, and ultimately descend from languages spoken during the...

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Etruria

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Smithsonian, September 29, 2021 Rix, Helmut. "Etruscan." In The Ancient Languages of Europe, ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge University Press, 2008, pp...

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Haruspex

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Akkadian, but a few examples also have inscriptions in the native Hittite language, indicating the adoption of haruspicy as part of the native, vernacular...

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Lucius Tarquinius Superbus

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Raetic language Lemnian language Tabula Capuana Tabula Cortonensis Tyrsenian languages English words of Etruscan origin Archeology Bucchero Cuniculi Etruscology...

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Etruscan alphabet

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that it is instead an invention of speakers of a Sabellian language (Osco-Umbrian languages). Its sound value was /f/ and it replaced the Etruscan digraph...

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Veii

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shared a common religion, as well as different variations of the same language. The leaders met on a yearly basis at the Fanum Volumnae Sanctuary near...

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Civita di Bagnoregio

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Raetic language Lemnian language Tabula Capuana Tabula Cortonensis Tyrsenian languages English words of Etruscan origin Archeology Bucchero Cuniculi Etruscology...

Word Count : 1819

Monteleone chariot

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Raetic language Lemnian language Tabula Capuana Tabula Cortonensis Tyrsenian languages English words of Etruscan origin Archeology Bucchero Cuniculi Etruscology...

Word Count : 977

Glirarium

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Raetic language Lemnian language Tabula Capuana Tabula Cortonensis Tyrsenian languages English words of Etruscan origin Archeology Bucchero Cuniculi Etruscology...

Word Count : 179

Villanovan culture

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Raetic language Lemnian language Tabula Capuana Tabula Cortonensis Tyrsenian languages English words of Etruscan origin Archeology Bucchero Cuniculi Etruscology...

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Old Italic scripts

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used in the Italian Peninsula between about 700 and 100 BC, for various languages spoken in that time and place. The most notable member is the Etruscan...

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Helmut Rix

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into Indo-European and Etruscan languages, as well as for being the author of the hypothesis of Tyrrhenian languages. Helmut Rix was born in 1926 in Amberg...

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Old European hydronymy

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substrate hypothesis Pan-Illyrian theories Pre-Celtic Rigvedic rivers Tyrsenian languages Urnfield culture Vasconic substrate hypothesis "Old European" in...

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Founding of Rome

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with cultures which spoke Indo-European and non-Indo-European languages. The Italic languages, which include Latin, are Indo-European and were spoken, according...

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