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Tungurahua information


Tungurahua
View from Riobamba (September 2011)
Highest point
Elevation5,023 m (16,480 ft)[1]
Prominence1,554 m (5,098 ft)
ListingUltra
Coordinates1°28′12″S 78°26′41″W / 1.4700°S 78.4447°W / -1.4700; -78.4447[2]
Naming
English translationThroat of fire
Language of nameQuechua
Geography
LocationEcuador
Parent rangeCordillera Oriental, Andes
Topo mapIGM, CT-ÑIV-D1[3]
Geology
Age of rockHolocene (Gomez 1994)
Mountain typeStratovolcano (active)
Volcanic arc/beltNorthern Volcanic Zone
Last eruption2000 to 2017[4]
Climbing
First ascent1873 by Alphons Stübel and Wilhelm Reiss
Easiest routeScrambling/Snow/Ice PD
False-color satellite image of Tungurahua (center right, with plume of ash emanating from it) and its neighbor Chimborazo (center left)

Tungurahua (/tʊŋɡʊˈrɑːwə/; from Quichua tunguri (throat) and rahua (fire), "Throat of Fire")[5] is an active stratovolcano located in the Cordillera Oriental of Ecuador. The volcano gives its name to the province of Tungurahua. Volcanic activity restarted on August 19, 1999,[6] and is ongoing as of 2023, with several eruptive episodes since then, the most recent lasting from February 26 to March 16, 2016.[7]

  1. ^ Several elevation data between 5,016 and 5,029 m are used, 5,023 m is the one used on IGM maps. Used extremes are: 5,087 m (Stübel 1897) and 5,005 m (Neate 1994).
  2. ^ "Tungurahua". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  3. ^ IGM (Instituto Geografico Militar, Ecuador) (1989). "Baños Ecuador, CT-ÑIV-D1". Archived from the original on 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2008-01-26.
  4. ^ "Tungurahua volcano". 19 Feb 2018.
  5. ^ "In the shadow of the Tungurahua volcano". BBC News. 7 September 2006.)
  6. ^ "Tungurahua volcano erupts in Ecuador". NBC News. 19 Aug 2012.
  7. ^ "Global Volcanism Program". National Museum of Natural History. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2023-11-25.

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(12,841 ft) Reventador, 3,562 m (11,686 ft) Sangay, 5,230 m (17,159 ft) Tungurahua, 5,023 m (16,480 ft) Alpamayo, 5,947 m (19,511 ft) Artesonraju, 6,025 m...

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