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Tsonga language information

Native to
  • Eswatini
  • Mozambique
  • South Africa
  • Zimbabwe
  • Gauteng
  • Limpopo
  • Mpumalanga
  • Gaza Province
  • Maputo Province
  • Maputo City
  • Chiredzi District
  • Mwenenzi District
Native speakers
3.7 million (2006–2011)[1]
3.4 million L2 speakers in South Africa (2002)[2]
Language family
  • Atlantic–Congo
    • Volta-Congo
      • Benue–Congo
        • Bantoid
          • Southern Bantoid
            • Bantu
              • Southern Bantu
                • Tswa–Ronga
                  • Tsonga
Writing system
Latin (Tsonga alphabet)
Tsonga Braille
Signed forms
Signed Tsonga
Official status
Official language in
  • Tsonga language South Africa
  • Tsonga language Zimbabwe (as 'Shangani')
Recognised minority
language in
Tsonga language Mozambique
Language codes
ISO 639-1ts
ISO 639-2tso
ISO 639-3tso
Guthrie code
S.53 (S.52)[3]
Linguasphere99-AUT-dc incl. varieties 99-AUT-dca...
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
Geographical description of Tsonga in South Africa: proportion of the population that speaks a form of Tsonga at home.

Tsonga (/ˈ(t)sɒŋɡə/ (T)SONG-gə) or, natively, Xitsonga, as an endonym, is a Bantu language spoken by the Tsonga people of South Africa. It is mutually intelligible with Tswa and Ronga and the name "Tsonga" is often used as a cover term for all three, also sometimes referred to as Tswa-Ronga. The Xitsonga language has been standardised for both academic and home use. Tsonga is an official language of South Africa, and under the name "Shangani" it is recognised as an official language in the Constitution of Zimbabwe. All Tswa-Ronga languages are recognised in Mozambique. It is not official in Eswatini (formerly Swaziland).

  1. ^ Tsonga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Webb, Vic. 2002. "Language in South Africa: the role of language in national transformation, reconstruction and development". Impact: Studies in language and society, 14:78
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online

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Tsonga language

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Tsonga (/ˈ(t)sɒŋɡə/ (T)SONG-gə) or, natively, Xitsonga, as an endonym, is a Bantu language spoken by the Tsonga people of South Africa. It is mutually...

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; Portuguese: Moçambique, pronounced [musɐ̃ˈbikɨ]; Chichewa: Mozambiki; Tsonga: Muzambhiki), officially the Republic of Mozambique (República de Moçambique...

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South Africa

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official languages: Zulu, Xhosa, Afrikaans, English, Pedi, Tswana, Southern Sotho, Tsonga, Swazi, Venda, and Southern Ndebele (in order of first language speakers)...

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(1941–1997), American politician Tsongas Center Tsonga (disambiguation) Tsonga language This page lists people with the surname Tsongas. If an internal link intending...

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President of South Africa

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Borwa (Tswana) Mopresident wa Afrika Borwa (Sotho) Puresidente wa Afrika-Dzonga (Tsonga) uMengameli weleNingizimu Afrika (Swazi) Muphuresidennde wa Afrika Tshipembe (Venda)...

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Whistled language

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consonants interrupt the flow of the whistle. A similar language is the Tsonga whistle language used in the highlands in the Southern parts of Mozambique...

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the Cyrillic letter representing the voiceless alveolar affricate Tsonga language (ISO 639 code: ts), of southern Africa Tensile strength, in materials...

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speak one of the Northeast Caucasian, or Turkic, languages; however, Russian is the primary language and the lingua franca in the republic. The word Dagestan...

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Transgender history

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Mpondo and Tsonga, had a tradition of young men (inkotshane in Zulu, boukonchana in Sesotho, tinkonkana in Mpondo, and nkhonsthana in Tsonga; called "boy-wives"...

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Munghana Lonene FM

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Broadcasting Cooperation) radio station broadcasting in Tsonga language in South Africa. In Tsonga, "Munghana Lonene" means "a true friend." Munghana Lonene...

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Gonimbrasia belina

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Tswana: phane South Africa Northern Sotho: mašotša (colloq) Venda: mashonzha Tsonga: matamani or masonja Southern Ndebele: iinnondo Zambia muyaya (believed...

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Tswa language

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South-Eastern Bantu language in Southern Mozambique. Its closest relatives are Ronga and Tsonga, the three forming the Tswa–Ronga family of languages. Tswa is mainly...

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South African rand

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one language variant for each denomination of note. Afrikaans was the first language on the 2, 10, and 50 rand, while English was the first language on...

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Vhembe District Municipality

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inhabitants spoke TshiVenda as their mother language, while 400,000 spoke Xitsonga as their home language. However, the Tsonga people form the majority south of...

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Tswana people

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largest ethnic groups in the country, and the Tswana language is one of eleven official languages in South Africa. There were over 4 million Tswana speakers...

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List of Wikipedias

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community of volunteer editors, started on 15 January 2001 as an English-language encyclopedia. Non-English editions were soon created: the German and Catalan...

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National Assembly of Zimbabwe

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The National Assembly of Zimbabwe, previously the House of Assembly until 2013, is the lower house of the Parliament of Zimbabwe. It was established upon...

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Senate of Zimbabwe

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The Senate of Zimbabwe is the upper of the two chambers in Zimbabwe's Parliament. It existed from independence in 1980 until 1989, and was re-introduced...

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Dutch oven

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prepare large quantities of food. Wooden spoons called kombe in the Tsonga language are used for mixing and stirring. This tradition persisted over the...

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Datura metel

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(unrelated) Combretum imberbe) in the Tsonga language and is a subspontaneous plant in the homeland of the Tsonga. Interestingly, in an (otherwise conventional)...

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Districts of South Africa

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Ndebele: isiyingi; Xhosa: isithili; Swazi: sigodzi; Venda: tshiṱiriki; Tsonga: xifundza), which are either metropolitan or district municipalities. They...

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LGBT rights in South Africa

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Mpondo and Tsonga people, had a tradition of young men (inkotshane in Zulu, boukonchana in Sesotho, tinkonkana in Mpondo, and nkhonsthana in Tsonga, also known...

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birthplace of the written Tsonga language in South Africa. When Soshangane invaded the Tsonga country, large numbers of Tsonga people fled and settled at...

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National Assembly of South Africa

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Seboka sa Naha (Sotho) Ntlokokoano Bosetšhaba (Tswana) Huvo ya Rixaka (Tsonga) Buthano ḽa Lushaka (Venda) 27th Parliament (members) Type Type Lower house...

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Parliament of Zimbabwe

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