Semien Province (Amharic: ሰሜን, “North”) was a historical province of northwest Ethiopia, often called Gondar. It was located south and west of the Tekezé River, and north of Lake Tsana. It was south of Tigray Province, west of Tembien Province, and east of the Sudan. To some extent it covered the northern parts of the former Begemder and Wolkait now known as the Semien Gondar Zone. While its borders varied considerably over time.
Its 18th and 19th century capital was Inchetkaub, other towns were Adi Arkay, Adi Remets, Dabat, Derasghie, Mesfinto, Segonet and Sekota del Semien.
The highest point was Ras Dashen in the Semien Mountains.
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- Budge, Ernest Alfred Thompson Wallis (1966). A history of Ethiopia, Nubia & Abyssinia. According to the hieroglyphic inscriptions of Egypt and Nubia, and the Ethiopian chronicles. London, Oosterhout: Methuen (1928), N.B. Anthropological Publications (1966). p. 126. OCLC 874381390.