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Second Schleswig War information


Second Schleswig War
Part of the Unification of Germany
Second Schleswig War
Second Schleswig War
Top: Battle of Dybbøl, 7–18 April
Bottom: Battle of Als, 29 June
Date1 February – 30 October 1864
(8 months and 29 days)
Location
Schleswig and Jutland
Pre-war actions in Holstein and Lauenburg
Result Austro-Prussian victory
Territorial
changes
Denmark loses Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg to Prussia and Austria
Belligerents
Second Schleswig War Kingdom of Prussia
Second Schleswig War Austrian Empire
Second Schleswig War Kingdom of Denmark
Commanders and leaders
  • Kingdom of Prussia Wilhelm I
  • Kingdom of Prussia Otto von Bismarck
  • Kingdom of Prussia Helmuth von Moltke
  • Kingdom of Prussia Albrecht von Roon
  • Kingdom of Prussia Friedrich Graf von Wrangel
  • Kingdom of Prussia Friedrich Karl of Prussia
  • Austrian Empire Franz Joseph I
  • Austrian Empire Wilhelm von Tegetthoff
  • Denmark Christian IX
  • Denmark Ditlev Gothard Monrad
  • Denmark Christian Albrecht Bluhme
  • Denmark Christian Julius de Meza
  • Denmark Georg Gerlach
  • Denmark Max Müller
Strength

At the outbreak of war:

  • 61,000 soldiers
  • 158 guns

Later reinforcements:

  • 20,000 soldiers
  • 64 guns[1]
38,000
100+ guns[1]
Casualties and losses
  • 1,275 dead[2]
  • 2,393 wounded[2]
  • 165 missing[2]
Total: 3,833 killed, wounded or missing
  • 2,933 dead[2]
  • 3,159 wounded[2]
  • 7,000 captured
Total: 13,093 killed, wounded or captured

The Second Schleswig War (Danish: Krigen i 1864; German: Deutsch-Dänischer Krieg) also sometimes known as the Dano-Prussian War or Prusso-Danish War was the second military conflict over the Schleswig-Holstein Question of the nineteenth century. The war began on 1 February 1864, when Prussian and Austrian forces crossed the border into the Danish fief Schleswig.[a] Denmark fought the Kingdom of Prussia and the Austrian Empire.

Like the First Schleswig War (1848–1852), it was fought for control of the duchies of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg. Succession disputes concerning the duchies arose when the Danish king died without an heir acceptable to the German Confederation. The war started after the passing of the November Constitution of 1863, which tied Duchy of Schleswig more closely to the Danish kingdom, which was viewed by the German side as a violation of the London Protocol.

The war ended on 30 October 1864, with the Treaty of Vienna and Denmark's cession of the Duchies of Schleswig (except for the island of Ærø, which remained Danish), Holstein and Saxe-Lauenburg to Prussia and Austria.

  1. ^ a b [1] Archived 12 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d e Clodfelter 2017, p. 182.


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