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Saxony information

Free State of Saxony
Freistaat Sachsen (German)
Freischdaad Saggsn (Upper Saxon)
Swobodny stat Sakska (Upper Sorbian)
Flag of Free State of Saxony
Coat of arms of Free State of Saxony
Anthem: Sachsenlied [de]
Coordinates: 51°1′37″N 13°21′32″E / 51.02694°N 13.35889°E / 51.02694; 13.35889
Largest cityLeipzig
 • BodyLandtag of Saxony
 • Minister-PresidentMichael Kretschmer (CDU)
 • Governing partiesCDU / Greens / SPD
 • Bundesrat votes4 (of 69)
 • Bundestag seats38 (of 736)
 • Total18,415.66 km2 (7,110.33 sq mi)
 (31 December 2018)
 • Total4,077,937
 • Density220/km2 (570/sq mi)
 • Total€146.511 billion (2022)
 • Per capita€35,909 (2022)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeDE-SN
HDI (2018)0.938[2]
very high · 9th of 16

Saxony,[a] officially the Free State of Saxony,[b] is a landlocked state of Germany, bordering the states of Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland and the Czech Republic. Its capital is Dresden, and its largest city is Leipzig. Saxony is the tenth largest of Germany's sixteen states, with an area of 18,413 square kilometres (7,109 sq mi), and the sixth most populous, with more than 4 million inhabitants.

The term Saxony has been in use for more than a millennium. It was used for the medieval Duchy of Saxony, the Electorate of Saxony of the Holy Roman Empire, the Kingdom of Saxony, and twice for a republic. The first Free State of Saxony was established in 1918 as a constituent state of the Weimar Republic. After World War II, it was under Soviet occupation before it became part of communist East Germany and was abolished by the government in 1952. Following German reunification, the Free State of Saxony was reconstituted with enlarged borders in 1990 and became one of the five new states of the Federal Republic of Germany.

The area of the modern state of Saxony should not be confused with Old Saxony, the area inhabited by Saxons. Old Saxony corresponds roughly to the modern German states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and the Westphalian part of North Rhine-Westphalia.

  1. ^ "Bruttoinlandsprodukt, Bruttowertschöpfung |". Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder | Gemeinsames Statistikportal (in German). Retrieved 31 July 2023.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". Retrieved 13 September 2018.

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