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Saxony information


Saxony
Sachsen (German)
Saggsn (Upper Saxon)
Sakska (Upper Sorbian)
State
Free State of Saxony
Flag of Saxony
Coat of arms of Saxony
Anthem: Sachsenlied [de]
Locator map Saxony in Germany.svg
Coordinates: 51°1′37″N 13°21′32″E / 51.02694°N 13.35889°E / 51.02694; 13.35889
CountryGermany
CapitalDresden
Largest cityLeipzig
Government
 • BodyLandtag of the Free State of Saxony
 • Minister-PresidentMichael Kretschmer (CDU)
 • Governing partiesCDU / Greens / SPD
 • Bundesrat votes4 (of 69)
 • Bundestag seats38 (of 736)
Area
 • Total18,415.66 km2 (7,110.33 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2018)
 • Total4,077,937
 • Density220/km2 (570/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeDE-SN
GRP (nominal)€128 billion (2019)[1]
GRP per capita€31,000 (2019)
NUTS RegionDED
HDI (2018)0.938[2]
very high · 9th of 16
Websitesachsen.de
Saxony
Map

Saxony (German: Sachsen [ˈzaksn̩] (Saxonylisten); Upper Saxon: Saggsn; Upper Sorbian: Sakska), officially the Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen [ˈfʁaɪʃtaːt ˈzaksn̩]; Upper Saxon: Freischdaad Saggsn; Upper Sorbian: Swobodny stat Sakska), is a landlocked state of Germany, bordering the states of Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, Bavaria, as well as the countries of Poland and the Czech Republic. Its capital is Dresden, and its largest city is Leipzig. Saxony is the tenth largest of Germany's sixteen states, with an area of 18,413 square kilometres (7,109 sq mi), and the sixth most populous, with more than 4 million inhabitants.

The term Saxony has been in use for more than a millennium. It was used for the medieval Duchy of Saxony, the Electorate of Saxony of the Holy Roman Empire, the Kingdom of Saxony, and twice for a republic. The first Free State of Saxony was established in 1918 as a constituent state of the Weimar Republic. After World War II, it was under Soviet occupation before it became part of the communist East Germany and was abolished by the government in 1952. Following German reunification, the Free State of Saxony was reconstituted with enlarged borders in 1990 and became one of the five new states of the Federal Republic of Germany.

The area of the modern state of Saxony should not be confused with Old Saxony, the area inhabited by Saxons. Old Saxony corresponds roughly to the modern German states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and the Westphalian part of North Rhine-Westphalia.

  1. ^ "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – 1991 bis 2019". statistik-bw.de. Archived from the original on 25 June 2020. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.

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Saxony

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Saxony (German: Sachsen [ˈzaksn̩] (listen); Upper Saxon: Saggsn; Upper Sorbian: Sakska), officially the Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen...

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Lower Saxony

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Lower Saxony (German: Niedersachsen [ˈniːdɐzaksn̩] (listen); Low German: Neddersassen; Saterland Frisian: Läichsaksen) is a German state (Land) in northwestern...

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List of rulers of Saxony

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territories named Saxony from the beginning of the Saxon Duchy in the 6th century to the end of the German monarchies in 1918. The electors of Saxony from John...

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Kingdom of Saxony

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The Kingdom of Saxony (German: Königreich Sachsen), lasting from 1806 to 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Napoleonic...

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Electorate of Saxony

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The Electorate of Saxony (German: Kurfürstentum Sachsen, also Kursachsen) was a state of the Holy Roman Empire established when Emperor Charles IV raised...

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Hanover

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Hannober) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony. Its 535,932 (2021) inhabitants make it the 13th-largest city in Germany...

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House of Wettin

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of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. The dynasty is one of the oldest in Europe, and its origins can be traced back to the town of Wettin, Saxony-Anhalt...

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Princess Mathilde of Saxony

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Mathilde of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony (19 March 1863 – 27 March 1933) was the third child and third-eldest daughter of George of Saxony and his wife...

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Princess Margaretha of Saxony

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Commons has media related to Princess Margarete of Saxony. Princess Margaretha of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony (German: Prinzessin Margaretha Karoline Friederike...

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Christine of Saxony

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Christine of Saxony (25 December 1505 – 15 April 1549) was a German noble, landgravine consort of Hesse by marriage to Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse. She...

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Dresden

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Dräsdn; Upper Sorbian: Drježdźany) is the capital city of the German state of Saxony and its second most populous city, after Leipzig. It is the 12th most populous...

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Old Saxony

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"Old Saxony" is the original homeland of the Saxons. It corresponds roughly to the modern German states of Lower Saxony, eastern part of modern North Rhine-Westphalia...

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Duchy of Saxony

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The Duchy of Saxony (Low German: Hartogdom Sassen, German: Herzogtum Sachsen) was originally the area settled by the Saxons in the late Early Middle Ages...

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States of Germany

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the term Land applies to all the states, each of the states of Bavaria, Saxony, and Thuringia describes itself as a Freistaat ("free state"). The expression...

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Hedwig of Saxony

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Hedwige of Saxony (also Hedwig, German: Hadwig von Sachsen; c. 910 – after 958), a member of the Ottonian dynasty, was Duchess consort of the Franks by...

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Princess Elisabeth of Saxony

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Elisabeth of Saxony (4 February 1830 – 14 August 1912) was a Princess of Saxony who married the second son of the King of Sardinia. She was the mother...

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John of Saxony

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October 1873) was the King of Saxony from 1854 until his death. He was a member of the House of Wettin. During his reign, Saxony became a part of the German...

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Margaret of Thuringia

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Margaret of Thuringia or Margaret of Saxony (1449 – 13 July 1501) was a German noblewoman, Electress of Brandenburg by marriage. She was the daughter of...

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Wulfhilde of Saxony

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Wulfhilde Billung of Saxony (1072 – 29 December 1126 in Weingarten Abbey) was the eldest daughter of Magnus, Duke of Saxony and his wife, Sophia of Hungary...

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Sophia Eleonore of Saxony

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Sophia Eleonore of Saxony (23 November 1609 – 2 June 1671) was a duchess of Saxony by birth and the landgravine of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1627 to 1661 through...

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Princess Amalie of Saxony

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Marie Friederike Auguste (10 August 1794 – 18 September 1870), Princess of Saxony, full name Maria Amalia Friederike Augusta Karolina Ludovica Josepha Aloysia...

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Frederick of Saxony

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Frederick of Saxony may refer to: Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, or Frederick the Belligerent (1370–1428), ruler of Saxony from 1422 to 1428 Frederick...

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Anthony of Saxony

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Anthony of Saxony (German: Anton; 27 December 1755 – 6 June 1836) was a King of Saxony from the House of Wettin. He became known as Anton der Gütige ("Anthony...

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Frederick Augustus III of Saxony

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1932), was the last King of Saxony (1904–1918). Born in Dresden, Frederick Augustus was the eldest son of King George of Saxony and his wife, Maria Anna...

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Province of Saxony

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The Province of Saxony (German: Provinz Sachsen), also known as Prussian Saxony (Preußisches Sachsen) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and later...

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Saxon Police Force

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Saxony State Police (German: Polizei Sachsen) is a state law-enforcement agency in Saxony, Germany. It is subordinate to the Saxony State Interior Ministry...

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Gertrude of Saxony

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Gertrude of Saxony (c. 1030 – August 4, 1113), also known as Gertrude Billung, was a countess of Holland by marriage to Floris I, Count of Holland, and...

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Braunschweig

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Brunswiek [ˈbrɔˑnsviːk], Braunschweig dialect: Bronswiek) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, north of the Harz Mountains at the farthest navigable point of...

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History of Saxony

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The history of Saxony began with a small tribe living on the North Sea between the Elbe and Eider River in what is now Holstein. The name of this tribe...

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Thuringia

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and Weimar. Thuringia is bordered by Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony. It has been known as "the green heart of Germany" (das grüne...

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2022 Lower Saxony state election

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The 2022 Lower Saxony state election will be held on 9 October 2022 to elect the 19th Landtag of Lower Saxony. The incumbent government is a coalition...

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Frederick Augustus II of Saxony

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Karrösten, Tyrol) was King of Saxony and a member of the House of Wettin. He was the eldest son of Maximilian, Prince of Saxony – younger son of the Elector...

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Princess Maria Augusta of Saxony

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Franciszka Ksaweria Alojzia) of Saxony (born Dresden, 21 June 1782; died Dresden, 14 March 1863) was Princess of Saxony and by birth member of the House...

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