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Saarland information

Saarland (German)
Sarre (French)
Flag of Saarland
Coat of arms of Saarland
Anthem: "Ich rühm' dich, du freundliches Land an der Saar"
("I praise you, you friendly land at the Saar")
Coordinates: 49°23′N 6°50′E / 49.383°N 6.833°E / 49.383; 6.833
 • BodyLandtag of Saarland
 • Minister-PresidentAnke Rehlinger (SPD)
 • Governing partySPD
 • Bundesrat votes3 (of 69)
 • Bundestag seats9 (of 736)
 • Total2,570 km2 (990 sq mi)
 (31 December 2018)
 • Total990,509
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
DemonymSaarlander or Saar
 • Total€38.505 billion (2022)
 • Per capita€38,994 (2022)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeDE-SL
HDI (2018)0.936[2]
very high · 9th of 16 Edit this at Wikidata

Saarland (German: [ˈzaːʁ̞lant] , Luxembourgish: [ˈzaːlɑnt]; French: Sarre [saʁ]) is a state of Germany in the southwest of the country. With an area of 2,570 km2 (990 sq mi) and population of 990,509 in 2018, it is the smallest German state in area apart from the city-states of Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg, and the smallest in population apart from Bremen.[3] Saarbrücken is the state capital and largest city; other cities include Neunkirchen and Saarlouis. Saarland is mainly surrounded by the department of Moselle (Grand Est) in France to the west and south and the neighboring state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany to the north and east; it also shares a small border about 8 kilometres (5 miles) long with the canton of Remich in Luxembourg to the northwest.

Having long been a relatively small part of the long-contested territories along the Franco-German linguistic border, Saarland first gained specific economic and strategic importance in the nineteenth century due to the wealth of its coal deposits and the heavy industrialization that grew as a result. Saarland was first established as a distinct political entity in 1920 after World War I as the Territory of the Saar Basin, which was occupied and governed by France under a League of Nations mandate.

Saarland was returned to Nazi Germany in the 1935 Saar status referendum. Following World War II in Europe, the territory was occupied by France then became the Saar Protectorate on 17 December 1947. After the 1955 Saar Statute referendum, it joined the Federal Republic of Germany as a state on 1 January 1957. Saarland used its own currency, the Saar franc, and postage stamps issued specially for the territory until 1959.

  1. ^ "Bruttoinlandsprodukt, Bruttowertschöpfung |". Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder | Gemeinsames Statistikportal (in German). Retrieved 31 July 2023.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder". Archived from the original on 13 May 2007. Retrieved 17 March 2014.

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Saarland (German: [ˈzaːʁ̞lant] , Luxembourgish: [ˈzaːlɑnt]; French: Sarre [saʁ]) is a state of Germany in the southwest of the country. With an area of...

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The Saarlandlied ("The Saarland Tune") was the national anthem of the Saar Protectorate from 1947 to 1957. After World War II, the Saarland was an autonomous...

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Saar Protectorate

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Saarprotektorat [ˈzaːɐ̯pʁotɛktoˌʁaːt]; French: Protectorat de la Sarre), officially Saarland (French: Sarre), was a French protectorate and a disputed territory separated...

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Saarland University

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Saarland University (German: Universität des Saarlandes, pronounced [univɛʁziˈtɛːt dɛs ˈzaːɐ̯landəs]) is a public research university located in Saarbrücken...

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Saarland national football team

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The Saarland national football team (German: Saarländische Fußballnationalmannschaft) was the association football team representing the Saar Protectorate...

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Landtag of Saarland

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The Landtag of the Saarland is the state diet of the German federal state of Saarland. It convenes in Saarbrücken and currently consists of 51 members...

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2027 Saarland state election

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The 2027 Saarland state election will be held in 2027 to elect the 18th Landtag of Saarland. "Wahltermine in Deutschland (2022, 2023 usw.)". Wahlrecht...

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Flag of Saarland

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Saarland is based on the flag of Germany and is a black, red, and gold horizontal tricolor. In the center of the flag is the coat of arms of Saarland...

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States of Germany

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1957, the Saar Protectorate joined the Federal Republic as the state of Saarland. The next change occurred with German reunification in 1990, in which the...

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SV Elversberg

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is a German association football club, located in Spiesen-Elversberg, Saarland. The club plays in 2. Bundesliga from 2023–24 after promotion from 3. Liga...

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Coat of arms of Saarland

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article is about the coat of arms of the German state of Saarland. The coat of arms of Saarland is parted per cross: The first quarter shows the coat of...

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Saar at the 1952 Summer Olympics

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(NOC) of the Saarland was founded in the spring of 1950 in the Saar Protectorate, which existed from 1947 to 1956 (German state of Saarland since), a region...

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List of cities in the Saarland by population

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following list sorts all cities and communes in the German state of the Saarland with a population of more than 10,000. As of December 31, 2017, 38 cities...

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1935 Saar status referendum

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"The death of the Jews will end the Saarland's distress"—graffiti in a Jewish cemetery, November 1938...

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Saarland Hurricanes

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The Saarland Hurricanes are an American football team from Saarbrücken, Germany. Saarbrücken is the capital of the federal German state of Saarland, which...

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Gau Westmark

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The Gau Westmark (English: Western March) was an administrative division of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. From 1925 to 1933, it was a regional subdivision...

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targeted Jews and other minorities. Germany also reacquired control of the Saarland in 1935, remilitarised the Rhineland in 1936, annexed Austria in 1938,...

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Saarland Cup

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The Saarland Cup (German: Saarlandpokal) is one of the 21 regional cup competitions of German football. The winner of the competition gains entry to the...

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Saarland Football Association

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The Saarland Football Association (German: Saarländischer Fußballverband; SFV) is one of 21 state organisations of the German Football Association, the...

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Saarland Museum

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Saarland Museum The Saarland Museum is an art museum in Saarbrücken, Saarland, Germany. It is spread across three sites, each with a different specialism...

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List of German football champions

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practice of play in regional leagues. An exception was in French-occupied Saarland where attempts by France to annex the state were manifested in the formation...

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World War II

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military support to Poland, outside of a cautious French probe into the Saarland. The Western Allies also began a naval blockade of Germany, which aimed...

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