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Saarland information

Sarre (French)
Flag of Saarland
Coat of arms of Saarland
Anthem: "Ich rühm' dich, du freundliches Land an der Saar"
("I praise you, you friendly land at the Saar")
Coordinates: 49°23′N 6°50′E / 49.383°N 6.833°E / 49.383; 6.833
 • BodyLandtag of Saarland
 • Minister-PresidentAnke Rehlinger (SPD)
 • Governing partySPD
 • Bundesrat votes3 (of 69)
 • Bundestag seats9 (of 736)
 • Total2,570 km2 (990 sq mi)
 (31 December 2018)
 • Total990,509
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
DemonymSaarlander or Saar
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeDE-SL
GRP (nominal)€36 billion (2019)[1]
GRP per capita€37,000 (2019)
HDI (2018)0.936[2]
very high · 9th of 16 Edit this at Wikidata

The Saarland (German: [ˈzaːɐ̯lant] (Saarlandlisten), Luxembourgish: [ˈzaːlɑnt]; French: Sarre [saʁ]) is a state of Germany in the south west of the country. With an area of 2,570 km2 (990 sq mi) and population of 990,509 in 2018, it is the smallest German state in area apart from the city-states of Berlin, Bremen, and Hamburg, and the smallest in population apart from Bremen.[3] Saarbrücken is the state capital and largest city; other cities include Neunkirchen and Saarlouis. Saarland is mainly surrounded by the department of Moselle (Grand Est) in France to the west and south and the neighboring state of Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany to the north and east; it also shares a small border about 8 kilometres (5 miles) long with the canton of Remich in Luxembourg to the northwest.

Having long been a relatively small part of the long-contested territories along the Franco-German linguistic border, Saarland first gained specific economic and strategic importance in the nineteenth century due to the wealth of its coal deposits and the heavy industrialization that grew as a result. Saarland was first established as a distinct political entity in 1920 after World War I as the Territory of the Saar Basin, which was occupied and governed by France under a League of Nations mandate.

Saarland was returned to Nazi Germany in the 1935 Saar status referendum. Following World War II, the French military administration in Allied-occupied Germany organized the territory as the Saar Protectorate on 16 February 1946. After the 1955 Saar Statute referendum, it joined the Federal Republic of Germany as a state on 1 January 1957. Saarland used its own currency, the Saar franc, and postage stamps issued specially for the territory until 1959.

  1. ^ "Bruttoinlandsprodukt – in jeweiligen Preisen – 1991 bis 2019". Archived from the original on 2020-06-25. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ "Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder". Archived from the original on 2007-05-13. Retrieved 2014-03-17.

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The Saarland (German: [ˈzaːɐ̯lant] (listen), Luxembourgish: [ˈzaːlɑnt]; French: Sarre [saʁ]) is a state of Germany in the south west of the country. With...

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The Saarlandlied ("The Saarland Tune") was the national anthem of the Saar Protectorate from 1947 to 1957. After World War II, the Saarland was an autonomous...

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Saarland national football team

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The Saarland national football team (German: Saarländische Fußballnationalmannschaft) was the association football team representing the Saar Protectorate...

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Saar Protectorate

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Saarprotektorat [ˈzaːɐ̯pʁotɛktoˌʁaːt]; French: Protectorat de la Sarre), officially Saarland (French: Sarre), was a French protectorate and a disputed territory separated...

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Saarland University

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Saarland University (German: Universität des Saarlandes, pronounced [univɛʁziˈtɛːt dɛs ˈzaːɐ̯landəs]) is a public research university located in Saarbrücken...

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Landtag of Saarland

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The Landtag of the Saarland is the state diet of the German federal state of Saarland. It convenes in Saarbrücken and currently consists of 51 members...

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States of Germany

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1957, the Saar Protectorate joined the Federal Republic as the state of Saarland. The next change occurred in the aftermath of German reunification in 1990...

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Flag of Saarland

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The flag of Saarland is based on the flag of Germany and is a black, red, and gold (yellow) horizontal tricolor. In the center of the flag is the coat...

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1999 Saarland state election

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The 1999 Saarland state election was held on 5 September 1999 to elect the members of the Landtag of Saarland. The incumbent Social Democratic Party (SPD)...

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List of places in Saarland

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This is a list of geographical features in the state of Saarland, Germany. Moselle Saar Bostalsee Losheimer Stausee see List of cities in Germany....

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2004 Saarland state election

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The 2004 Saarland state election was held on 5 September 2004 to elect the members of the Landtag of Saarland. The incumbent Christian Democratic Union...

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Saarland Hurricanes

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The Saarland Hurricanes are an American football team from Saarbrücken, Germany. Saarbrücken is the capital of the federal German state of Saarland, which...

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targeted Jews and other minorities. Germany also reacquired control of the Saarland in 1935, remilitarised the Rhineland in 1936, annexed Austria in 1938,...

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List of cities and towns in Germany

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84 cities and towns, see list Schleswig-Holstein: 63 cities and towns Saarland: 17 cities and towns Bremen: 2 cities Berlin: 1 city Hamburg: 1 city Contents...

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Gau Westmark

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The Gau Westmark (English: Western March) was an administrative division of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. From 1925 to 1933, it was a regional subdivision...

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1935 Saar status referendum

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"The death of the Jews will end the Saarland's distress"—graffiti in a Jewish cemetery, November 1938...

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Saarland Museum

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Saarland Museum The Saarland Museum is an art museum in Saarbrücken, Saarland, Germany. It is spread across three sites, each with a different specialism...

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SV Elversberg

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is a German association football club, located in Spiesen-Elversberg, Saarland. The club was founded in 1907 as FC Germania Elversberg. It was dissolved...

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2022 Saarland state election

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The 2022 Saarland state election was held on 27 March 2022 to elect the 17th Landtag of Saarland. The outgoing government was a coalition of the Christian...

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2027 Saarland state election

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The 2027 Saarland state election will be held in 2027 to elect the 18th Landtag of Saarland. "Wahltermine in Deutschland (2022, 2023 usw.)". Wahlrecht...

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List of cities in the Saarland by population

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following list sorts all cities and communes in the German state of the Saarland with a population of more than 10,000. As of December 31, 2017, 38 cities...

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World War II

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military support to Poland, outside of a cautious French probe into the Saarland. The Western Allies also began a naval blockade of Germany, which aimed...

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