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Red Sea information


Red Sea
LocationNorth Africa, East Africa, and West Asia
Coordinates22°N 38°E / 22°N 38°E / 22; 38
TypeSea
Primary inflowsGulf of Aden, Gulf of Suez
Primary outflowsBab-el-Mandeb, Suez Canal
Basin countries
  • Red Sea Djibouti
  • Red Sea Egypt
  • Red Sea Eritrea
  • Red Sea Israel
  • Red Sea Jordan
  • Red Sea Saudi Arabia
  • Red Sea Somalia
  • Red Sea Sudan
  • Red Sea Yemen
Max. length2,250 km (1,400 mi)
Max. width355 km (221 mi)
Surface area438,000 km2 (169,000 sq mi)
Average depth490 m (1,610 ft)
Max. depth3,040 m (9,970 ft)
Water volume233,000 km3 (56,000 cu mi)

The Red Sea is a sea inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia. Its connection to the ocean is in the south, through the Bab-el-Mandeb strait and the Gulf of Aden. To its north lie the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Gulf of Suez—leading to the Suez Canal. It is underlain by the Red Sea Rift, which is part of the Great Rift Valley.

The Red Sea has a surface area of roughly 438,000 km2 (169,000 sq mi),[1] is about 2,250 km (1,400 mi) long, and 355 km (221 mi) wide at its widest point. It has an average depth of 490 m (1,610 ft), and in the central Suakin Trough it reaches its maximum depth of 3,040 m (9,970 ft).[2]

Approximately 40% of the Red Sea is quite shallow at less than 100 m (330 ft) deep, and about 25% is less than 50 m (160 ft) deep. The extensive shallow shelves are noted for their marine life and corals. More than 1,000 invertebrate species and 200 types of soft and hard coral live in the sea. The Red Sea is the world's northernmost tropical sea, and has been designated a Global 200 ecoregion.

  1. ^ "State of the Marine Environment Report for the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden: 2006" (PDF). 16 June 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2021. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  2. ^ Dinwiddie, Robert (2008). Thomas, Louise (ed.). Ocean: The World's Last Wilderness Revealed. London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 452. ISBN 978-0-7566-2205-3.

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