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Provinces of Finland information


Between 1634 and 2009, Finland was administered as several provinces (Finnish: Suomen läänit, Swedish: Finlands län). Finland had always been a unitary state: the provincial authorities were part of the central government's executive branch and apart from Åland, the provinces had little autonomy. There were never any elected provincial parliaments in continental Finland. The system was initially created in 1634. Its makeup was changed drastically on 1 September 1997,[1] when the number of the provinces was reduced from twelve to six. This effectively made them purely administrative units, as linguistic and cultural boundaries no longer followed the borders of the provinces. The provinces were eventually abolished at the end of 2009. Consequently, different ministries may subdivide their areal organization differently. Besides the former provinces, the municipalities of Finland form the fundamental subdivisions of the country. In current use are the regions of Finland, a smaller subdivision where some pre-1997 läänis are split into multiple regions. Åland retains its special autonomous status and its own regional parliament.

  1. ^ "Kun Itä-Suomen lääni syntyi". Karjalan Heili. 19 August 2020. Retrieved 31 August 2022.

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Provinces of Finland

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historical provinces (Finnish: historialliset maakunnat, singular historiallinen maakunta, Swedish: historiska landskap) of Finland are a legacy of the country's...

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Provinces of Sweden

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replaced by the counties of Sweden (län). Some were conquered later on from Denmark–Norway. Others, like the provinces of Finland, were lost. Lapland is...

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Finland

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Landskap

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Districts of Norway, the historical provinces of Norway Provinces of Sweden, the historical provinces of Sweden and Finland Historical provinces of Finland, the...

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Grand Duchy of Finland

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The Grand Duchy of Finland (Finnish: Suomen suuriruhtinaskunta; Swedish: Storfurstendömet Finland; Russian: Великое княжество Финляндское, Velikoye knyazhestvo...

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Southern Finland Province

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Southern Finland (Finnish: Etelä-Suomen lääni, Swedish: Södra Finlands län) was a province of Finland from 1997 to 2009. It bordered the provinces of Western...

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Eastern Finland Province

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Eastern Finland (Finnish: Itä-Suomen lääni, Swedish: Östra Finlands län) was a province of Finland from 1997 to 2009. It bordered the provinces of Oulu,...

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Province

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countries with no actual provinces, "the provinces" is a metaphorical term meaning "outside the capital city". While some provinces were produced artificially...

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Viipuri Province

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turn merged with other provinces into the larger Southern Finland Province in 1997. Coat of arms between 1812 and 1917 Coat of arms after 1917 The area...

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Coat of arms of Finland

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the royal arms of Sweden and those of Finland, the arms of the 11 provinces are depicted. From Finland they include North and South Finland, as well as Tavastia...

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Western Finland Province

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Western Finland (Finnish: Länsi-Suomen lääni, Swedish: Västra Finlands län) was a province of Finland from 1997 to 2009. It bordered the provinces of Oulu...

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Demographics of Finland

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Finland has a population of over 5.53 million people and an average population density of 19 inhabitants per square kilometre (49/sq mi). This makes it...

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Finns

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(ruotsinsuomalaiset), Finnish minority in Sweden The historical provinces of Finland can be seen to approximate some of these divisions. The regions of Finland, another...

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Lands of Sweden

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Sweden-Finland Dominions of Sweden Provinces of Sweden Old Finland Historical provinces of Finland Subdivisions of the Nordic countries Lands of Denmark...

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Oulu Province

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The Province of Oulu (Finnish: Oulun lääni, Swedish: Uleåborgs län) was a province of Finland from 1775 to 2009. It bordered the provinces of Lapland, Western...

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Outline of Finland

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of Finland Provinces of Finland Regions of Finland Municipalities of Finland Capital of Finland: Helsinki Cities of Finland Demographics of Finland Form...

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History of Finland

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The history of Finland begins around 9,000 BC during the end of the last glacial period. Stone Age cultures were Kunda, Comb Ceramic, Corded Ware, Kiukainen...

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Kexholm County

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Kexholm County (Swedish: Kexholms län, Finnish: Käkisalmen lääni) was a county of the Swedish Empire from 1634 to 1721, when the southern part was ceded...

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