|• Body||2 municipalities|
2 municipal districts
|• Congresspersons||1 Senator |
|• Total||2,074.53 km2 (800.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||25/km2 (65/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (AST)|
|Area code||1-809 1-829 1-849|
Pedernales (from Spanish 'flints'; pronounced [peðeɾˈnales]) is the southernmost province of the Dominican Republic, including the offshore island of Isla Beata. It was split from Barahona in 1957. Of its 2,074.53 km2, 1374 km2 belong to the Jaragua National Park. A third of its population is of Haitian origin, the highest ratio within the country.
The capital of the province, Pedernales, was originally called Juan López, who was a Spanish inhabitant who had settled in the area around the 19th century.
The province was called Pedernales after the river located on the border with Haiti, in which flint is abundant. The indigenous people of the Dominican Republic, the Taíno, used them to make sharp tools, such as axes and arrowheads.