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Oromo people information


Oromo
Oromoo (Oromo)
Oromo Cultural dressing.jpg
Oromo people with dresses at Irreechaa festival, 2015
Regions with significant populations
Oromo people Ethiopia35,175,000 (2021)[1]
Oromo people Kenya656,636 (2019)[2]
Oromo people Somalia87,000[3]
Oromo people United States40,000[4]
Oromo people Canada3,350 (2016)[5]
Oromo people Australia2,030 (2014)[6]
Languages
Oromo
Religion
Islam (55%-60%), Christianity (40%-45%), Traditional religion (Waaqeffanna) (up to 15%)[7]
Related ethnic groups
Somali, Sidama, Gabra, Rendille and other Cushitic people[8][9]

The Oromo (pron. /ˈɒrəm/[10] Oromo: Oromoo) are a Cushitic ethnic group native to the Oromia region of Ethiopia and parts of Northern Kenya, who speak the Oromo language (also called Afaan Oromoo or Oromiffa), which is part of the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. They are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia and represent a large portion of Ethiopia's population.[11]

The Oromo people traditionally used the gadaa system as the primary form of governance.[12][13] A leader is elected by the gadaa system and their term lasts eight years, with an election taking place at the end of those eight years.[14][15][16] Although most modern Oromos are Muslims and Christians, about 3% practice Waaqeffanna, the native ancient monotheistic religion of Oromos.[17]

  1. ^ "Ethiopia". Ethnologue.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Census: Ethnic Affiliation". knbs.or.ke. Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2019. 210,000 Borana, 110,500 Gabra,85,000 Orma, 45,200 Sakuyye and 20,000 Waata
  3. ^ Project, Joshua. "Oromo, Southern in Somalia". Retrieved 7 November 2018.
  4. ^ "Oromo Community of Minnesota | CareerForce". www.careerforcemn.com.
  5. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Archived from the original on 23 September 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  6. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics 2014, The People of Australia Statistics from the 2011 Census, Cat. no. 2901.0, ABS, 30 November 2016, Archived 17 April 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Ethiopia and the Oromo People: Is it possible to determine whether an Ethiopian is an ethnic Oromo by the individual's last name? What religion or religions are practiced by ethnic Oromos in Ethiopia". UNHCR Refworld. United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services. 28 April 1998.
  8. ^ Joireman, Sandra F. (1997). Institutional Change in the Horn of Africa: The Allocation of Property Rights and Implications for Development. Universal-Publishers. p. 1. ISBN 1581120001.
  9. ^ Sarah Tishkoff; et al. (2009). "The Genetic Structure and History of Africans and African Americans" (PDF). Science. 324 (5930): 1035–44. Bibcode:2009Sci...324.1035T. doi:10.1126/science.1172257. PMC 2947357. PMID 19407144. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  10. ^ Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh
  11. ^ Ethiopia: People & Society, CIA Factbook (2016)
  12. ^ "Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo – intangible heritage – Culture Sector – UNESCO". ich.unesco.org. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  13. ^ Harold G. Marcus A History of Ethiopia. University of California Press (1994) pp. 55 Google Books
  14. ^ John Ralph Willis (2005). Slaves and Slavery in Africa: Volume Two: The Servile Estate. Routledge. pp. 122–127, 129–134, 137. ISBN 978-1-135-78017-3.
  15. ^ John Ralph Willis (2005). Slaves and Slavery in Africa: Volume Two: The Servile Estate. Routledge. pp. 128–134. ISBN 978-1-135-78016-6.
  16. ^ Ira M. Lapidus (2014). A History of Islamic Societies. Cambridge University Press. p. 483. ISBN 978-1-139-99150-6.
  17. ^ Donald N. Levine (2014). Greater Ethiopia: The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society. University of Chicago Press. pp. 35–41. ISBN 978-0-226-22967-6.

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Oromo people

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modern Oromos are Muslims and Christians, about 3% practice Waaqeffanna, the native ancient monotheistic religion of Oromos. The Oromo people are one...

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List of Oromo people

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This is a list of notable Oromo people. Ali Birra – Artist Bakri Sapalo – Historian and Artist Boonaa Mohammed – poetry Hachalu Hundessa – Singer-songwriter...

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Oromo language

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Galla (a name with a pejorative meaning and therefore rejected by the Oromo people), is an Afroasiatic language that belongs to the Cushitic branch. It...

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Wollo Oromo people

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The Wollo Oromo people are an Oromo subgroup inhabiting the historic Wollo Province of northern Ethiopia. The Wollo Oromo speak an Oromo dialect. However...

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Oromo conflict

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Ethiopian Empire to liberate the Oromo people and establish an independent state of Oromia. The conflict began in 1973, when Oromo nationalists established the...

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Oromo Liberation Front

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nationalist organisation formed in 1973 to promote self-determination for the Oromo people inhabiting today's Oromia Region and Oromia Zone in the Amhara Region...

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Oromo Liberation Army

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The Oromo Liberation Army (OLA; Oromo: Waraana Bilisummaa Oromoo, WBO) is an armed opposition group active in Ethiopia. The OLA consist primarily of former...

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List of Oromo subgroups and clans

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The Oromo people of East Africa are divided into two major branches: the Borana Oromo and Barento Oromo. Borana and Barento in Oromo oral history are said...

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Boorana

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The Borana is one of the two major subgroups of the Oromo people. They live in the Borena Zone of the Oromia Region and Liben Zone of the Somali Region...

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Oromo

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Oromo may refer to: Oromo people Arsi Oromo Borana Oromo people Guji Oromo people Ittu Oromo Karrayyu Oromo Macha Oromo people Raya Oromo people, in Tigray...

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Oromo migrations

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the Oromo people from southern Ethiopia, namely the contemporary Borana and Guji zones, into more northerly regions of Ethiopia. Because the Oromo did...

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Arsi people

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Arsi Oromo is an ethnic Oromo branch, inhabiting the Oromia Region, mainly in the Arsi, West Arsi and Bale Zones of Ethiopia, as well as in the Adami Tullu...

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Oromia

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(Amharic:ኦሮሚያ) (Oromo: Oromiyaa) is a regional state in Ethiopia and the homeland of the Oromo people. Oromia capital city is Addis Ababa (Oromo: Finfinne)...

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Oromo Democratic Party

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The Oromo Democratic Party (Oromo: Paartii Demokraatawaa Oromoo, ODP) was a political party in Ethiopia, and part of the alliance with the Amhara National...

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Hachalu Hundessa

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significant role in the 2014–2016 Oromo protests that led to Abiy Ahmed taking charge of the Oromo Democratic Party and Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic...

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Waaqeffanna

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Waaqeffanna is an ethnic religion indigenous to the Oromo people in the Horn of Africa. The word Waaqeffanna derives from the word Waaqa, is the ancient...

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Waaq

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Cushitic languages of both the Oromo people and Somali people in the Horn of Africa. The word still means God in present Oromo language. Some traditions indicate...

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Cushitic speaking peoples

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revival movement) Oromo people Boorana Barento Orma Waata (Oromo-speaking) Konso people Dirasha people, who speak Dirasha language Bussa people, who are shifting...

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Barento

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Barento (Oromo: Bareentoo) is one of the two major subgroups of the Oromo people. They live in the West Hararghe Zone, East Hararghe Zone, Arsi zone,...

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History of Ethiopia

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many other primarily Afro-Asiatic-speaking communities, including Amhara, Oromos, Somalis, Tigray, Afars, Sidama, Gurage, Agaw and Harari, among others....

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Welega Oromo people

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the Oromo people who live in Oromia Region of Ethiopia, in the former Welega Province; a few live across the border in Sudan. They speak the Oromo language...

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Gedeo people

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tradition of ranks and age classes similar to the Gadaa system of the Oromo people. Beckingham and Huntingford describe the system as seven grades that...

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Gadaa

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Gadaa (Oromo: Gadaa: spelling: Gadaa; literally: era) is the indigenous democratic system of governance used by the Oromos in Ethiopia and northern Kenya...

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Yejju

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Yejju Oromo people are a sub clan of the Barento branch of Oromo people. They are one of the northernmost communities of Oromo people residing in Ethiopia...

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Harari people

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Harari people. Hararis were furious when Muhammad Jasa decided to move the Adal Sultanate's capital from Harar to Aussa in 1577 in response to Oromo threats...

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Ethiopians

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(consisting of Somali, Harari and extinct Harla people). During this time, there were large-scale migrations of the Oromo into the northern highlands from the south...

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Harla people

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century saw Oromo people invading regions of Ethiopia and Somalia from southern portions such as Lower Juba, incorporating the Harla people. In 1577 Harla...

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Dorze people

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people live on the peripheries of Addis Ababa, mostly in the Burayu and Sebeta areas. A group of Dorze people had a conflict with some Oromo people....

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Caste systems in Africa

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shores of Lake Tana and are despised for eating hippopotamus meat. The Oromo people are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, also found in northern Kenya...

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