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Oromo people information

Oromoo (Oromo)
Karrayyu Oromo in a traditional attire.
Regions with significant populations
Oromo people Ethiopia25,489,000 (2007)[1]
Oromo people Kenya656,636 (2019)[2]
Oromo people Sudan105,000 (2022)[3]
Oromo people Somalia41,600 (2000)[4]
Oromo people United States40,000[5]
Oromo people Australia4,310 (2021)[6]
Oromo people Canada3,350 (2016)[7]
Islam (55–60%), Christianity (40–45%), Traditional religion (Waaqeffanna) (up to 3%)[8]
Related ethnic groups
Somali • Sidama • Gabra • Rendille • other Cushitic peoples[9][10]

[11]The Oromo people (pron. /ˈɒrəm/ ORR-əm-oh[12] Oromo: Oromoo) are a Cushitic ethnic group native to the Oromia region of Ethiopia and parts of Northern Kenya.[13] They speak the Oromo language (also called Afaan Oromoo), which is part of the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family.[14] They are one of the largest ethnic groups in Ethiopia.[15] According to the last Ethiopian census of 2007, the Oromo numbered 25,488,344 people or 34.5% of the Ethiopian population.[16] Recent estimates have the Oromo comprising 45,000,000 people, or 35.8% of the total Ethiopian population estimated at 116,000,000.[17]

The Oromo were originally nomadic, semi-pastoralist people who later would conquer large swaths of land during their expansions.[18][19] After the settlement, they would establish kingdoms in the Gibe regions[20][21] and dynasties in Abyssinia.[22][23] The Oromo people traditionally used the gadaa system as the primary form of governance.[24][25] A leader is elected by the gadaa system and their term lasts eight years, with an election taking place at the end of those eight years.[26][27][28] Although most modern Oromos are Muslims and Christians, about 3% practice Waaqeffanna, the native ancient Cushitic monotheistic religion of Oromos.[29]

  1. ^ "Census 2007" Archived February 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Census: Ethnic Affiliation". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2019. 210,000 Borana, 110,500 Gabra,85,000 Orma, 45,200 Sakuyye and 20,000 Waata
  3. ^ "Oromo, West Central". Ethnologue. Retrieved 27 September 2023.
  4. ^ "Refworld | World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Somalia".
  5. ^ "Oromo Community of Minnesota | CareerForce".
  6. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics 2021, Census of Population and Housing: Cultural diversity data summary, 2021, 28 June 2022, Archived 10 November 2022 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Archived from the original on 23 September 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Ethiopia and the Oromo People: Is it possible to determine whether an Ethiopian is an ethnic Oromo by the individual's last name? What religion or religions are practiced by ethnic Oromos in Ethiopia". UNHCR Refworld. United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services. 28 April 1998.
  9. ^ Joireman, Sandra F. (1997). Institutional Change in the Horn of Africa: The Allocation of Property Rights and Implications for Development. Universal-Publishers. p. 1. ISBN 1-58112-000-1.
  10. ^ Sarah Tishkoff; et al. (2009). "The Genetic Structure and History of Africans and African Americans" (PDF). Science. 324 (5930): 1035–44. Bibcode:2009Sci...324.1035T. doi:10.1126/science.1172257. PMC 2947357. PMID 19407144. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  11. ^ "Tokkummaa Oromo Awroppa / Union of Oromo in Europe (TOA)". Arabic Literature of Africa Online. Retrieved 17 April 2024.
  12. ^ Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh
  13. ^ Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. Elsevier. 6 April 2010. ISBN 978-0-08-087775-4. Retrieved 25 October 2023.
  14. ^ Concise Encyclopedia of Languages of the World. Elsevier. 6 April 2010. ISBN 978-0-08-087775-4. Retrieved 25 October 2023.
  15. ^ "Ethiopia", The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 14 December 2022, retrieved 24 December 2022
  16. ^ Central Statistical Agency, Ethiopia. "Table 2.2 Percentage Distribution of Major Ethnic Groups: 2007" (PDF). Summary and Statistical Report of the 2007 Population and Housing Census Results. United Nations Population Fund. p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2023.
  17. ^ "Ethiopia". 16 October 2023.
  18. ^ Mohammed, Hassen (19 May 2017). The Oromo and the Christian Kingdom of Ethiopia, 1300-1700. Boydell & Brewer, Limited. ISBN 978-1-84701-161-9. OCLC 962017017.
  19. ^ Pankhurst, Richard (1997). The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from Ancient Times to the End of the 18th Century. The Red Sea Press. ISBN 9780932415196.
  20. ^ Paul Trevor William Baxter, Jan Hultin, Alessandro Triulzi. "Being and Becoming Oromo: Historical and Anthropological Enquiries'. Nordic Africa Institute (1996) pp. 123–124
  21. ^ Described in detail in G.W.B. Huntingford, The Galla of Ethiopia; the Kingdoms of Kafa and Janjero (London: International African Institute, 1955), pp. 55ff
  22. ^ Shiferaw Bekele, The State in the Zamana Masafent (1786-1853), p. 25
  23. ^ Molla Tikuye, The Rise and Fall of The Yajju Dynasty (1784–1980), p. 199
  24. ^ "Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo – intangible heritage – Culture Sector – UNESCO". Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  25. ^ Harold G. Marcus A History of Ethiopia. University of California Press (1994) pp. 55 Google Books
  26. ^ John Ralph Willis (2005). Slaves and Slavery in Africa: Volume Two: The Servile Estate. Routledge. pp. 122–127, 129–134, 137. ISBN 978-1-135-78017-3.
  27. ^ John Ralph Willis (2005). Slaves and Slavery in Africa: Volume Two: The Servile Estate. Routledge. pp. 128–134. ISBN 978-1-135-78016-6.
  28. ^ Ira M. Lapidus (2014). A History of Islamic Societies. Cambridge University Press. p. 483. ISBN 978-1-139-99150-6.
  29. ^ Donald N. Levine (2014). Greater Ethiopia: The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society. University of Chicago Press. pp. 35–41. ISBN 978-0-226-22967-6.

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Oromo people

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The Oromo people (pron. /ˈɒrəmoʊ/ ORR-əm-oh Oromo: Oromoo) are a Cushitic ethnic group native to the Oromia region of Ethiopia and parts of Northern Kenya...

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Wollo Oromo people

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The Wollo Oromo people are an Oromo subgroup inhabiting the historic Wollo Province of northern Ethiopia. The Wollo Oromo speak an Oromo dialect. However...

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List of Oromo people

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This is a list of notable Oromo people. Ali Birra – Artist Baalu Girma – Artist Bakri Sapalo – Historian and Artist Boonaa Mohammed – Poetry Elias Melka...

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Oromo conflict

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Ethiopian Empire to liberate the Oromo people and establish an independent state of Oromia. The conflict began in 1973, when Oromo nationalists established the...

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Oromo language

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Oromo (/ˈɒrəmoʊ/ or /ɔːˈroʊmoʊ/; Oromo: Afaan Oromoo), historically also called Galla (a name regarded as pejorative by the Oromo), is an Afroasiatic...

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Arsi people

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Arsi Oromo is an ethnic Oromo branch, inhabiting the Arsi, West Arsi and Bale Zones of the Oromia Region of Ethiopia, as well as in the Adami Tullu and...

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Boorana (also known as Borana) are one of the two major subgroups of the Oromo people. A Cushitic ethnic group, they primarily inhabit the Borena Zone of the...

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Oromo Liberation Front

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The Oromo Liberation Front (Oromo: Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo, abbreviated: ABO; English abbreviation: OLF) is an Oromo nationalist political party formed...

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Oromo Liberation Army

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The Oromo Liberation Army (OLA; Oromo: Waraana Bilisummaa Oromoo, WBO) is an armed opposition group active in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia. The OLA consist...

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Oromo expansion

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The Oromo expansions, also known as the Oromo migrations or the Oromo invasions (in older historiography, Galla invasions), were a series of expansions...

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Oromo may refer to: Oromo people, an ethnic group of Ethiopia and Kenya Oromo language, an Afroasiatic language All pages with titles containing Oromo...

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List of Oromo subgroups and clans

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The Oromo people of East Africa are divided into two major branches: the Borana Oromo and Barento Oromo. These two major groups are in turn subdivided...

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The Yejju Oromo, also historically known as the Yajju, Edjow or Edjou Galla, are a sub-clan of the Barento branch of Oromo people. They are one of the...

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Oromo Democratic Party

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The Oromo Democratic Party (Oromo: Paartii Demokraatawaa Oromoo, ODP), formerly called the Oromo People's Democratic Organization, was a political party...

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Oromia (Oromo: Oromiyaa) is a regional state in Ethiopia and the homeland of the Oromo people. Under Article 49 of Ethiopian Constitution, the capital...

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Gabra people

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highlands of southern Ethiopia. They are closely related to the wider Oromo people and practice Islam as their religion. According to Y-DNA analysis by...

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Gedeo people

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tradition of ranks and age classes similar to the Gadaa system of the Oromo people. Beckingham and Huntingford describe the system as seven grades that...

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Barento (Oromo: Bareentoo) is one of the two major subgroups of the Oromo people, a Cushitic ethnic group. They live in the West Hararghe Zone, East Hararghe...

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Oromo nationalism

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Oromo nationalism is an ethnic nationalism advocating the self-interest of Oromo people in Ethiopia and Kenya. Many Oromo elites, intellectuals and political...

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Harari formally known as the Harla people, and the Argobba). During the 1600s, there were large-scale migrations of the Oromo from the south into the highlands...

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Waaqeffanna is an ethnic religion indigenous to the Oromo people in the Horn of Africa. The word Waaqeffanna is derived from Waaq which is the ancient...

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Hachalu Hundessa

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role in the 2014–2016 Oromo protests that led to Abiy Ahmed taking charge of the Oromo Democratic Party and Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic...

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Welega Oromo people

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the Oromo people who live in Oromia Region of Ethiopia, in the former Welega Province; a few live across the border in Sudan. They speak the Oromo language...

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Gadaa (Oromo: Gadaa; literally: era) is the indigenous democratic system of governance used by the Oromos in Ethiopia and northern Kenya. It is also practiced...

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Sheger City

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Sheger City (Amharic: ሸገር ከተማ, Oromo: Magaalaa Sheger) is a proposed model of urban development established on 22 October 2022 that centers around the...

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Habesha peoples

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Semitic speaking Orthodox Christians, while the Cushitic-speaking peoples such as Oromo and Agaw, as well as Semitic-speaking Muslims/Ethiopian Jews, were...

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Dorze people

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people live on the peripheries of Addis Ababa, mostly in the Burayu and Sebeta areas. A group of Dorze people had a conflict with some Oromo people....

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neighbor the Afar and Argobba people. It is believed the extinct Harla ethnicity were assimilated into Karrayyu Oromo in eastern Shewa. The Karrayyu...

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