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Oromo people information

Oromoo (Oromo)
A Karrayyu Oromo in a traditional attire.
Regions with significant populations
Oromo people Ethiopia41,693,650 (2023)[1]
Oromo people Kenya656,636 (2019)[2]
Oromo people Sudan96,000 (2017)[3]
Oromo people Somalia41,600 (2000)[4]
Oromo people United States40,000[5]
Oromo people Australia4,310 (2021)[6]
Oromo people Canada3,350 (2016)[7]
Islam (55–60%), Christianity (40–45%), Traditional religion (Waaqeffanna) (up to 15%)[8]
Related ethnic groups
Somali • Sidama • Gabra • Rendille • other Cushitic peoples[9][10]

The Oromo (pron. /ˈɒrəm/[11] Oromo: Oromoo) are a Cushitic ethnic group native to the Oromia region of Ethiopia and parts of Northern Kenya, who speak the Oromo language (also called Afaan Oromoo), which is part of the Cushitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. They are one of the largest ethnic groups in Ethiopia.[12] According to the last Ethiopian census of 2007, the Oromo numbered 25,488,344 people or 34.5% of the Ethiopian population.[13] Recent estimates have the Oromo compromising 35.8% of the estimated 116,000,000 Ethiopian population placing Oromos at a population of 41,000,000 [14]

The Oromo people traditionally used the gadaa system as the primary form of governance.[15][16] A leader is elected by the gadaa system and their term lasts eight years, with an election taking place at the end of those eight years.[17][18][19] Although most modern Oromos are Muslims and Christians, about 3% practice Waaqeffanna, the native ancient Cushitic monotheistic religion of Oromos.[20] The significant Oromo population can be attributed to their historical conquests and invasions in various regions, where they often assimulated the indigenous populations. [21]

  1. ^
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Census: Ethnic Affiliation". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 12 May 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2019. 210,000 Borana, 110,500 Gabra,85,000 Orma, 45,200 Sakuyye and 20,000 Waata
  3. ^ "Oromo, West Central". Ethnologue. Retrieved 27 September 2023.
  4. ^ "Refworld | World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Somalia".
  5. ^ "Oromo Community of Minnesota | CareerForce".
  6. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics 2021, Census of Population and Housing: Cultural diversity data summary, 2021, 28 June 2022, Archived 10 November 2022 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Archived from the original on 23 September 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Ethiopia and the Oromo People: Is it possible to determine whether an Ethiopian is an ethnic Oromo by the individual's last name? What religion or religions are practiced by ethnic Oromos in Ethiopia". UNHCR Refworld. United States Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services. 28 April 1998.
  9. ^ Joireman, Sandra F. (1997). Institutional Change in the Horn of Africa: The Allocation of Property Rights and Implications for Development. Universal-Publishers. p. 1. ISBN 1-58112-000-1.
  10. ^ Sarah Tishkoff; et al. (2009). "The Genetic Structure and History of Africans and African Americans" (PDF). Science. 324 (5930): 1035–44. Bibcode:2009Sci...324.1035T. doi:10.1126/science.1172257. PMC 2947357. PMID 19407144. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 August 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  11. ^ Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student's Handbook, Edinburgh
  12. ^ "Ethiopia", The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 14 December 2022, retrieved 24 December 2022
  13. ^ Central Statistical Agency, Ethiopia. "Table 2.2 Percentage Distribution of Major Ethnic Groups: 2007" (PDF). Summary and Statistical Report of the 2007 Population and Housing Census Results. United Nations Population Fund. p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2023.
  14. ^
  15. ^ "Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio-political system of the Oromo – intangible heritage – Culture Sector – UNESCO". Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  16. ^ Harold G. Marcus A History of Ethiopia. University of California Press (1994) pp. 55 Google Books
  17. ^ John Ralph Willis (2005). Slaves and Slavery in Africa: Volume Two: The Servile Estate. Routledge. pp. 122–127, 129–134, 137. ISBN 978-1-135-78017-3.
  18. ^ John Ralph Willis (2005). Slaves and Slavery in Africa: Volume Two: The Servile Estate. Routledge. pp. 128–134. ISBN 978-1-135-78016-6.
  19. ^ Ira M. Lapidus (2014). A History of Islamic Societies. Cambridge University Press. p. 483. ISBN 978-1-139-99150-6.
  20. ^ Donald N. Levine (2014). Greater Ethiopia: The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society. University of Chicago Press. pp. 35–41. ISBN 978-0-226-22967-6.
  21. ^ Pankhurst, Richard (1997). The Ethiopian Borderlands: Essays in Regional History from Ancient Times to the End of the 18th Century. The Red Sea Press. p. 281. ISBN 978-0-932415-19-6.

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Oromo people

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The Oromo (pron. /ˈɒrəmoʊ/ Oromo: Oromoo) are a Cushitic ethnic group native to the Oromia region of Ethiopia and parts of Northern Kenya, who speak the...

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List of Oromo people

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This is a list of notable Oromo people. Ali Birra – Artist Baalu Girma – Artist Bakri Sapalo – Historian and Artist Boonaa Mohammed – Poetry Elias Melka...

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Wollo Oromo people

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The Wollo Oromo people are an Oromo subgroup inhabiting the historic Wollo Province of northern Ethiopia. The Wollo Oromo speak an Oromo dialect. However...

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Oromo language

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Oromo (/ˈɒrəmoʊ/ or /ɔːˈroʊmoʊ/; Oromo: Afaan Oromoo), historically also called Galla (a name regarded as pejorative by the Oromo), is an Afroasiatic...

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Arsi people

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Arsi Oromo is an ethnic Oromo branch, inhabiting the Arsi, West Arsi and Bale Zones of the Oromia Region of Ethiopia, as well as in the Adami Tullu and...

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Oromo conflict

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Ethiopian Empire to liberate the Oromo people and establish an independent state of Oromia. The conflict began in 1973, when Oromo nationalists established the...

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The Boorana or simply Borana are one of the two major subgroups of the Oromo people. They live in the Borena Zone of the Oromia Region and Liben Zone of...

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Oromo Liberation Army

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The Oromo Liberation Army (OLA; Oromo: Waraana Bilisummaa Oromoo, WBO) is an armed opposition group active in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia. The OLA consist...

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Oromo Invasions

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The Oromo Invasions also known as the Galla Invasions were a series of expansions in the 16th and 17th centuries by the Oromo. Prior to their great expansion...

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Oromo Liberation Front

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The Oromo Liberation Front (Oromo: Adda Bilisummaa Oromoo, abbreviated: ABO; English abbreviation: OLF) is an Oromo nationalist political party formed...

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Oromo may refer to: Oromo people, an ethnic group of Ethiopia and Kenya Oromo language, an Afroasiatic language Oromo (dish), a Central Asia food item...

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List of Oromo subgroups and clans

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The Oromo people of East Africa are divided into two major branches: the Borana Oromo and Barento Oromo. Borana and Barento i These two major groups are...

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holiday celebrating the end of the winter in Oromia Region, Ethiopia. The Oromo people celebrate Irreecha to thank Waaqa (God) for the blessings and mercies...

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Oromia (Amharic: ኦሮሚያ) (Oromo: Oromiyaa) is a regional state in Ethiopia and the homeland of the Oromo people. The capital of Oromia is Addis Ababa. It...

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Oromo Democratic Party

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The Oromo Democratic Party (Oromo: Paartii Demokraatawaa Oromoo, ODP), formerly called the Oromo People's Democratic Organization, was a political party...

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Hachalu Hundessa

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role in the 2014–2016 Oromo protests that led to Abiy Ahmed taking charge of the Oromo Democratic Party and Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic...

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Gabra people

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The Gabra (Oromo: Gabraa) are related to the wider Oromo people and Garre in the Horn of Africa, they mainly inhabit the Moyale and Marsabit regions of...

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Barento (Oromo: Bareentoo) is one of the two major subgroups of the Oromo people. They live in the West Hararghe Zone, East Hararghe Zone, Arsi zone,...

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Waaqeffanna is an ethnic religion indigenous to the Oromo people in the Horn of Africa. The word Waaqeffanna derives from the word Waaqa, is the ancient...

Word Count : 1816


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Gadaa (Oromo: Gadaa; literally: era) is the indigenous democratic system of governance used by the Oromos in Ethiopia and northern Kenya. It is also practiced...

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Oromo nationalism

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Oromo nationalism is an ethnic nationalism advocating the self-interest of Oromo people in Ethiopia and Kenya. Many Oromo elites, intellectuals and political...

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Dorze people

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people live on the peripheries of Addis Ababa, mostly in the Burayu and Sebeta areas. A group of Dorze people had a conflict with some Oromo people....

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Cushitic languages of both the Oromo people and Somali people in the Horn of Africa. The word still means God in present Oromo language. Some traditions indicate...

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OLA insurgency

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OLA insurgency is an armed conflict between the Oromo Liberation Army (OLA), which split from the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) in 2018, and the Ethiopian...

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Harari formally known as the Harla people, and the Argobba). During the 1600s, there were large-scale migrations of the Oromo from the south into the highlands...

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Caste systems in Africa

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enter the house of the other. Low caste people are expected not to handle farm equipment or cattle. The Oromo people are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia...

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Yejju Oromo people are a sub clan of the Barento branch of Oromo people. They are one of the northernmost communities of Oromo people residing in Ethiopia...

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